social stratification n.
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Social Stratification. What is Social Stratification? . Ranking of individuals or categories of people on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards Leads to social inequality 2 types of systems. Types. Closed system Movement between the status levels is impossible

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Presentation Transcript
what is social stratification
What is Social Stratification?
  • Ranking of individuals or categories of people on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards
  • Leads to social inequality
  • 2 types of systems
types
Types
  • Closed system
    • Movement between the status levels is impossible
    • A person is assigned a status at birth and remains at that level throughout life
  • Open system
    • movement between the status level IS possible
    • Ease depends on the degree of openness in a society
2 types in today s societies
2 types in Today’s societies
  • Caste System
    • Based on one’s ascribed status
    • A newborn life long status is determined by the status of his/her parents; inherited
    • Forbids exogamy- marriage outside one’s status
    • Practices endogamy- marriage within ones own status
example
Example
  • Very common in India
  • Brahmans- Priests, scholars
  • Kshatriyas (Ksha-tree-uh)– Rulers, nobles, soldiers
  • Vaisyas(vahys-yuh) – merchants, bankers,
  • Sudras (soo-drah)– laborers, artisans
  • Dalits – “Untouchables”
  • 1950- India outlawed discrimination, but still happens throughout certain areas
2nd system
2nd System
  • Class system
    • Soley based on your achieved status
    • Individuals have some control over their place in the stratisification system
    • Depending on talent, effort, opportunity can move up or down social class
    • Example: The United States

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Closed Open

dimensions
Dimensions
  • Social class is a grouping of people with similar levels of wealth, power, and prestige

On your notes:

  • In pairs, define what you think wealth, power, and prestige means
  • Put in order what you think is most important in terms of social class
  • Give 3 examples of people in the US who have used one or all to improve their social class
slide9
Wealth
    • Assets- value of everything the person owns and income
  • Power
    • Ability to control the behavior of others. Power can be based on force, possession of a skill or knowledge
  • Prestige
    • Respect, honor, recognition of an individual receives from other members of society
    • Exs: income, occupation, education, background