Social Stratification - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Social Stratification

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  1. Social Stratification

  2. Social Class People who have similar position in the social hierarchy, who have similar political and economic interests.

  3. SOCIAL INEQUALITY

  4. SOCIAL INEQUALITY Unequal distribution of social rewards and resources (“Good Stuff” of a society)

  5. Social Stratification Ranking of Individuals or categories of individuals on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards.

  6. Social Stratification Ranking of Individuals or categories of individuals on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards. Wealth

  7. WEALTH 2004 Distribution of Income In US • The sum total of a person’s assets including what they own and their income • Wealth is not distributed evenly throughout the US Highest – 49.2% Fourth Fifth- 23.2% Middle- 15.0% Second Fifth- 9.0% Lowest- 3.6%

  8. Social Stratification Ranking of Individuals or categories of individuals on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards. Wealth Power

  9. POWER • The ability to control the behaviors of others with or without their consent • Power can be based on: • Use of force • Possession of specific skills or knowledge • Social Status • Personal Characteristics (Charismatic Authority) • Traditional Authority • Legal Doctrine (Rational-legal Authority)

  10. Social Stratification Ranking of Individuals or categories of individuals on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards. Wealth Power Prestige

  11. PRESTIGE • The degree of respect or esteem a person receives from others • May be based upon: • Income • Education • Club membership • Family membership • Occupation

  12. Two Types of Class Systems Caste – Ascribed

  13. Two Types of Class Systems Caste – Ascribed Closed System: Person’s position in social hierarchy is based on ascribed status with little chance of social mobility (Caste System)

  14. Two Types of Class Systems Caste – Ascribed Closed System: Person’s position in social hierarchy is based on ascribed status with little chance of social mobility (Caste System) Class – Achieved

  15. Two Types of Class Systems Caste – Ascribed Closed System: Person’s position in social hierarchy is based on ascribed status with little chance of social mobility (Caste System) Class – Achieved Open System: Person’s position in social hierarchy is based on achieved status with a chance of social mobility (Class System)

  16. Social Mobility: • The ability to move up or down in social class or strata

  17. Social Mobility: • The ability to move up or down in social class or strata • Vertical

  18. Social Mobility: • The ability to move up or down in social class or strata • Vertical • Horizontal

  19. Social Mobility: • The ability to move up or down in social class or strata • Vertical • Horizontal • Intergenerational

  20. Determining Social Class

  21. Reputational Method • Rank other community members.

  22. Reputational Method • Rank other community members. • Small communities.

  23. Reputational Method • Rank other community members. • Small communities. • Everybody knows everybody.

  24. Reputational Method • Rank other community members. • Small communities. • Everybody knows everybody. • Not usually very accurate.

  25. Subjective Method • Individuals asked to rank themselves.

  26. Subjective Method • Individuals asked to rank themselves. • Place themselves in the middle class.

  27. Subjective Method • Individuals asked to rank themselves. • Place themselves in the middle class. • People do not like to place themselves out of the middle class.

  28. Subjective Method • Individuals asked to rank themselves. • Place themselves in the middle class. • People do not like to place themselves out of the middle class. • Again, not very accurate.

  29. Objective Method • Sociologists define social class.

  30. Objective Method • Sociologists define social class. • Income • Occupation • Education

  31. Objective Method • Sociologists define social class. • Income • Occupation • Education Least biased determination, but the problem can be with the determinants used.

  32. US Class System

  33. Upper Upper Class • Majority of the US Wealth • Old Money • Born into wealth and power • Prestigious schools • Status gives them rights to many things. • Education?

  34. Lower Upper Class • The “New Rich” “New Money” • Aquired wealth through own efforts • Not as prestigious • It does purchase most of the same privileges • Multiple houses, cars, vacations • “I make a lot of money listen to me!” • Education?

  35. Upper Middle Class • High income business and professional • College educations minimum • Money they make goes to large houses, cars, and many luxuries. • Retire early. • Career orientated.

  36. Lower Middle Class • White Collar Jobs • Not much manual labor • Lower education provides lower earnings • Small business, nursing, teacher • Comfortable life, but depends on job!

  37. Working Class • Largest segment of America • Manual Labor • Blue-Collar jobs • Pink-Collar jobs • Few if any financial reserves • Everything depends on job, MUST!

  38. Lower Class • Lowest paying jobs, Minimum wage? • Unemployed, elderly, Social Security • Cycle of Poverty forces working class to lower class • Lack of education and opportunity