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Social Stratification. Social Class. People who have similar position in the social hierarchy, who have similar political and economic interests. SOCIAL INEQUALITY. SOCIAL INEQUALITY. Unequal distribution of social rewards and resources (“Good Stuff” of a society). Social Stratification.

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social class
Social Class

People who have similar position in the social hierarchy, who have similar political and economic interests.

social inequality1
SOCIAL INEQUALITY

Unequal distribution of social rewards and resources (“Good Stuff” of a society)

social stratification1
Social Stratification

Ranking of Individuals or categories of individuals on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards.

social stratification2
Social Stratification

Ranking of Individuals or categories of individuals on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards.

Wealth

wealth
WEALTH

2004 Distribution of Income In US

  • The sum total of a person’s assets including what they own and their income
  • Wealth is not distributed evenly throughout the US

Highest – 49.2%

Fourth Fifth- 23.2%

Middle- 15.0%

Second Fifth- 9.0%

Lowest- 3.6%

social stratification3
Social Stratification

Ranking of Individuals or categories of individuals on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards.

Wealth

Power

power
POWER
  • The ability to control the behaviors of others with or without their consent
  • Power can be based on:
    • Use of force
    • Possession of specific skills or knowledge
    • Social Status
    • Personal Characteristics (Charismatic Authority)
    • Traditional Authority
    • Legal Doctrine (Rational-legal Authority)
social stratification4
Social Stratification

Ranking of Individuals or categories of individuals on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards.

Wealth

Power

Prestige

prestige
PRESTIGE
  • The degree of respect or esteem a person receives from others
  • May be based upon:
    • Income
    • Education
    • Club membership
    • Family membership
    • Occupation
two types of class systems
Two Types of Class Systems

Caste – Ascribed

two types of class systems1
Two Types of Class Systems

Caste – Ascribed

Closed System: Person’s position in social hierarchy is based on ascribed status with little chance of social mobility (Caste System)

two types of class systems2
Two Types of Class Systems

Caste – Ascribed

Closed System: Person’s position in social hierarchy is based on ascribed status with little chance of social mobility (Caste System)

Class – Achieved

two types of class systems3
Two Types of Class Systems

Caste – Ascribed

Closed System: Person’s position in social hierarchy is based on ascribed status with little chance of social mobility (Caste System)

Class – Achieved

Open System: Person’s position in social hierarchy is based on achieved status with a chance of social mobility (Class System)

social mobility
Social Mobility:
  • The ability to move up or down in social class or strata
social mobility1
Social Mobility:
  • The ability to move up or down in social class or strata
    • Vertical
social mobility2
Social Mobility:
  • The ability to move up or down in social class or strata
    • Vertical
    • Horizontal
social mobility3
Social Mobility:
  • The ability to move up or down in social class or strata
    • Vertical
    • Horizontal
    • Intergenerational
reputational method
Reputational Method
  • Rank other community members.
reputational method1
Reputational Method
  • Rank other community members.
    • Small communities.
reputational method2
Reputational Method
  • Rank other community members.
    • Small communities.
    • Everybody knows everybody.
reputational method3
Reputational Method
  • Rank other community members.
    • Small communities.
    • Everybody knows everybody.
    • Not usually very accurate.
subjective method
Subjective Method
  • Individuals asked to rank themselves.
subjective method1
Subjective Method
  • Individuals asked to rank themselves.
    • Place themselves in the middle class.
subjective method2
Subjective Method
  • Individuals asked to rank themselves.
    • Place themselves in the middle class.
    • People do not like to place themselves out of the middle class.
subjective method3
Subjective Method
  • Individuals asked to rank themselves.
    • Place themselves in the middle class.
    • People do not like to place themselves out of the middle class.
    • Again, not very accurate.
objective method
Objective Method
  • Sociologists define social class.
objective method1
Objective Method
  • Sociologists define social class.
    • Income
    • Occupation
    • Education
objective method2
Objective Method
  • Sociologists define social class.
    • Income
    • Occupation
    • Education

Least biased determination, but the problem can be with the determinants used.

upper upper class
Upper Upper Class
  • Majority of the US Wealth
  • Old Money
  • Born into wealth and power
  • Prestigious schools
  • Status gives them rights to many things.
  • Education?
lower upper class
Lower Upper Class
  • The “New Rich” “New Money”
  • Aquired wealth through own efforts
  • Not as prestigious
  • It does purchase most of the same privileges
  • Multiple houses, cars, vacations
  • “I make a lot of money listen to me!”
  • Education?
upper middle class
Upper Middle Class
  • High income business and professional
  • College educations minimum
  • Money they make goes to large houses, cars, and many luxuries.
  • Retire early.
  • Career orientated.
lower middle class
Lower Middle Class
  • White Collar Jobs
  • Not much manual labor
  • Lower education provides lower earnings
  • Small business, nursing, teacher
  • Comfortable life, but depends on job!
working class
Working Class
  • Largest segment of America
  • Manual Labor
  • Blue-Collar jobs
  • Pink-Collar jobs
  • Few if any financial reserves
  • Everything depends on job, MUST!
lower class
Lower Class
  • Lowest paying jobs, Minimum wage?
  • Unemployed, elderly, Social Security
  • Cycle of Poverty forces working class to lower class
  • Lack of education and opportunity