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ORCID: Open Researcher and Contributor ID An Open Registry of Scholarly IDs. CNI , San Diego. April, 2011. Problem Statement . Estimated 6.2 million researchers from 16,000 organizations (including business sector, higher ed , government) and 6.7 million grad students;

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slide1

ORCID:

Open Researcher and Contributor ID

An Open Registry of Scholarly IDs

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

problem statement
Problem Statement
  • Estimated 6.2 million researchers from 16,000 organizations (including business sector, higher ed, government) and 6.7 million grad students;
  • Elsevier estimates 27 million researchers, without students (from Scopus).
  • Many researchers have common names, change names, or are otherwise difficult to uniquely identify
  • .

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

mission
Mission
  • ORCID, Inc. aims to solve the author/contributor name ambiguity problem in scholarly communications by creating a central registry of unique identifiers for individual researchers and an open and transparent linking mechanism between ORCID and other current author ID schemes. These identifiers, and the relationships among them, can be linked to the researcher’s output to enhance the scientific discovery process and to improve the efficiency of research funding and collaboration within the research community.

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

key registration points
Key Registration Points

Why?

Helps track output offaculty and students

Researcher

Joins faculty or

student body

Helps perform researchassessment of grantees

Applies for grant

Streamline data input,

links authors to

- publications

- collaborators

- other forms of

communication

Submits

manuscript

how will orcid succeed
How will ORCID succeed?
  • Build Registry
      • Universities – provide ORCIDs to community members
      • Funding Bodies – use ORCIDs in grant applications
      • Publishers – use ORCIDs on article submissions
  • Leverage existing scholarly name id efforts
      • Publishers (ACM, Nature, Elsevier, Wiley, etc.)
      • Universities (Harvard, MIT, Cornell, Hong Kong, etc.)
      • Projects (ISNI, VIVO, etc.)
  • Develop/Acquire Name Disambiguation Technology
      • Virtual International Authority File – matching technology from OCLC
      • ProQuest Author Resolver
      • OKKAM – EU project on large scale entity integration

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide6

Announcing ORCID Not-for-Profit Organization incorporated to solve the name ambiguity problem in scholarly research – Wilmington, DE, August 4, 2010

Board of Directors

Wellcome Trust, Liz AllenHarvard University, Amy BrandHannover Medical School, Martin Fenner OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Thomas HickeyThomson Reuters, David KochalkoCERN, Salvatore MelePublishers International Linking Association, Inc., Ed PentzNature Publishing Group, Howard Ratner Association for Computing Machinery, Bernard RousElsevier, Chris ShillumMIT Libraries, MacKenzie SmithNational Institute of Informatics (Japan), Hideaki TakedaCornell University Library, Simeon Warner

John Wiley & Sons, Craig Van Dyck

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

timeline 2010
Timeline 2010

Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec

Build Sandbox

Alpha Prototyping

ORCID Members Demonstration and Alpha Testing

Organization Creation

Wellcome /MIT Survey

Principles/Scope Defined

Alpha Testing

Profile Exchange Research & Development

timeline 2011
Timeline 2011

Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec

Build Beta

Profile Exchange Research & Development

Assess Business Models

Develop Business Plan

Sponsorship Drive

timeline 2012
Timeline 2012

Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec

Start Registering ORCIDs

Implement Business Model

orcid principles
ORCID Principles
  • ORCID will work to support the creation of a permanent, clear and unambiguous record of scholarly communication by enabling reliable attribution of authors and contributors.
  • ORCID will transcend discipline, geographic, national and institutional, boundaries.
  • Participation in ORCID is open to any organization with an interest in scholarly communications.

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

orcid principles1
ORCIDPrinciples
  • 4. Access to ORCID services will be based on transparent and non-discriminatory termsposted on the ORCID website.
  • 5. Researchers will be able to create, edit, and maintain an ORCID ID and profile free of charge.
  • 6. Researchers control the defined privacy settings of their own ORCID profile data.

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

orcid principles2
ORCID Principles
  • 7. All profile data contributed to ORCID by researchers or claimed by them will be available in standard formats for free download (subject to the researchers' own privacy settings) that is updated once a year and released under the CC0 waiver.
  • 8. All software developed by ORCID will be publicly released under an Open Source Software license approved by the Open Source Initiative. For the software it adopts, ORCID will prefer Open Source.

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

orcid principles3
ORCID Principles
  • ORCID identifiers and profile data (subject to privacy settings) will be made available via a combination of “no charge” and “for a fee” APIs and services. Any fees will be set to ensure the sustainability of ORCID as a not-for-profit, charitable organization focused on the long-term persistence of the ORCID system.
  • 10. ORCID will be governed by representatives from a broad cross-section of stakeholders, the majority of whom are not-for-profit, and will strive for maximal transparency by publicly posting summaries of all board meetings and annual financial reports.

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

scope initial beta system
Scope (initial beta system)
  • Focus on currently active researchers
  • Data will come from individuals and organizations
  • Hybrid system of self- and organization-asserted identities
  • Data collected will be that needed for disambiguation (optional data for creating full CV-like profiles might be added in the future)
  • The system will provide basic matching and disambiguation of names
  • The system will, from the start, enable 3rd parties to build value added services using ORCID infrastructure
  • ORCID services will be developed based on the needs of the ORCID community

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

profile exchange r d

Possible Matching Algorithms

  • VIAF matching technology from OCLC
  • Author Resolver from ProQuest
  • Matching capability from OKKAM
Profile Exchange R&D

?

ORCID

F67572010

batch upload and download services
Batch Upload and Download Services
  • Universities and Organizations can batch upload profiles to generate ORCID IDs
  • In Alpha, individual researchers must respond to system generated emails to claim their IDs and make their profiles live
  • Solution depends on developing an administrative interface or integration with external administrative system
  • Provenance of uploaded data will be stored in database
  • Profiles can be batch downloaded by organizations

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

alpha data
Alpha Data

ORCID Alpha extended an existing system

  • ORCID Number
  • Name (first, last, middle)
  • Other names
  • Email address
  • Persistent URL
  • Role
  • Subjects
  • Keywords
  • Description
  • User defined URLs
  • Privacy settings
  • Institution name
  • Sub organization
  • Sub organization Address
  • Sub organization role
  • Joint affiliation name
  • Joint affiliation sub organization
  • Joint affiliation start date
  • Joint affiliation role
  • Past affiliation information (name, city, country, start date, end date, role)
  • Personalization settings
  • Opt in/out

* Core list focused on disambiguation *

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

alpha features
Alpha Features
  • Easy registration process: Researchers fill out a registration form or have it pre-populated with data from an ORCID partner system (e.g., Scopus, RePec, AuthorClaim).
  • User-controlled privacy settings: The researcher controls how much/little information about him/herself that they want to make publically available.
  • Local-language support: The database supports UTF-8 character-set. Searching by unicode characters is also supported.
  • Search: The system supports search of public profiles by first/last name; institution; keyword; ORCID number. In addition, the system allows for browsing by keyword and supports auto-suggest for keyword and institution.
  • Publication claiming: Researchers can perform a DOI search against CrossRef to add publications to their profile. A link to view the publication at the publisher’s site is also captured.
  • Integration with ORCID partner systems: Services include the ability for partners to search ORCID, upload and download profile and publication information.

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide25

Inside the Alpha

Register

Search ORCID

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide26

Simple Registration

Import and connectexisting profile

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide27

Easy Login

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide28

Basic Profile

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide29

Claim Publications

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide30

Claim Publications

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide32

Search

Search ORCID

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide33

Search

Search ORCID

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide34

Search Keyword

Search ORCID

DOI

keyword

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

publisher author institution linking workflow
Publisher Author Institution Linking Workflow

Publisher

Manuscript Tracking System

Registry

ORCID

ID

Registry

Publisher

Content

Mgt System

CrossRef

DOI

Repository

FAA-1234-111AA

FAA-1234-111AA

FAA-1234-111AA

DOI:10.1030/123.123.123

ORCID captured

ORCID registered

ORCID/DOI pair sent

All DOIs associated with ORCID

Publisher/Institution Website

FAA-1234-111AA

DOI:10.1030/123.123.123

DOI:10.1030/123.123.132

DOI:10.1020/123.123.124

DOI:10.1040/123.123.aaa

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide36

Connect to

Manuscript

Tracking

Systems

Talking to ORCID Alpha API

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide37

Results from ORCID Alpha

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide38

ORCID captured

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide39

ORCID enabled

Other publications Collaborators

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

who s published what
Who’s Published What?
  • No equivalent to the Research Excellence Framework in the US, so publication drivers are
      • Promotion and tenure cases (infrequent)
      • Faculty productivity evaluations (ad hoc)
  • Current options are evaluation-oriented, libraries not usually involved

e.g. Symplectic, Academic Analytics, Thomson InCites

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

library workflow
Library Workflow
  • 1. Search public/licensed article sources by institutional affiliation
  • 2. Try to link results to individual faculty
  • 80% automatic, 20% manual (i.e. 200 out of 1000 faculty)
  • 3. Repeat
  • Expensive, inefficient, fragile

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

enter orcid
Enter ORCID
  • Each researcher assigned an ORCID with associated profile data known to their employing institution
  • Publishers request ORCID for new article submissions
  • Search public/licensed article sources by ORCIDs
  • Results are automatically linked to researcher’s local profile record (i.e. complete publication list)
  • No more ambiguity! OA mandate successfully implemented for prospective publications

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

faculty bibliographies
Faculty Bibliographies
  • Older articles need to be linked to correct ORCID profile
  • In ORCID, do once per paper for all consumers rather than once per consumer
  • Leverages network of stakeholders, lowers cost to everyone

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

next steps
Next Steps
  • Complete first phase of Profile Exchange R&D
  • Establish data model, including provenance
  • Finalize business model and secure start-up funding
  • Complete 501(c)3 Filing
  • Specify and build production system
  • Add participants and key partners
  • Launch!

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

sponsorship drive
Sponsorship Drive
  • Since December 2010
  • $245,000 from 45 organizations
  • Goal
  • $500,000 from >50 organizations
  • One-time donation until launch of membership fees or other sources of income for the non-profit ORCID organization

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

other funding
Other Funding
  • VIVO Collaboration: one of five collaborative research grants awarded to ORCID in January, 2011
  • Business Model: Mellon Foundation award to evaluate research models in summer, 2011
  • In-Kind Contributions: people’s time, infrastructure (e.g. website, legal advice, software, survey)

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

what makes orcid different
What makes ORCID different?
  • ORCID is a researcher identifier that is not limited to discipline, institution or geographic area
  • ORCID is backed by a non-profit organization with over 200 participants
  • ORCID is managed by multiple stakeholders including publishers, universities, funding agencies, and other initiatives
  • ORCID is serious about open data and an open system

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011

slide50

Join Us

www.orcid.org

Next ORCID Participant meeting May 18, 2011 at Harvard

Mark your calendars!

CNI, San Diego. April, 2011