Notable Events and People in Virginia History
Christopher Columbus • Columbus spent some of his early years at his fathers trade. • He weaved and later became a sailor on the Mediterranean ship. • He stole from the rich and gave to the poor. • He sailed on the Mayflower ship to go to England. • Back then Christopher Columbus had to where white wigs.
George Mason • He was a auther in 1725 –1792. • Thomas Jefferson called him the wisest man. • He was the driving forces of the bill of rights • he was the auther of the 1776 Virginia decletive of rights. • James Madison praised Mason as a powerful resener.
James Madison • James Madison was born in 1751. • Madison was brought up in Orange County, Virginia and attended Princeton. • Virginia Constitution in 1776, severed in the Continental Congress. • Napoleon pretended to comply. • Late in 1810, Madison proclaimed non-intercourse with Great Britain. • Dolly Madison was James Madison’s wife.
James Monroe • Born in Westmoreland country • He joined the anti federalist • He was are fifth president • Monroe under took a goodwill tour at Boston • Monroe accepted Adam’s advice
John Brown • On March 23,1775 he give his speech “Give me liberty or give me death”. • December 2,1859 was hanged. • June 21,1820 John Brown marries Dianthe Lusk. • May 1800 John Brown was born in Torrington, Connecticut. • Then John Brown was in the Holy War. • .
Appomattox Court House • Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House. • There are 27 original 19th century structures on the site. • The site also has the home and burial place of Joel Sweeney. • The National Park encompasses about 1,800 acres of rolling hills. • The site includes the McLean home.
Robert E. Lee • Born in January 19 1807. • Died in1870. • He had a sister • His brother was light horse Harry Lee • Lt. Lee was his father • General lee was not an adviser. • Lee was made a general in CSA • Mr. Davis excepted them. • He had a army. • He was important.
Stonewall Jackson • Born Jan. 21st 1824 • Died May 10th 1863 • In 1863 he joined the army. • His nickname was Stonewall. • Confederate general in Civil War.
BACON’S REBELLION • One of the most intriguing things but confusing chapters of Jamestown. • Went against the governors orders. • He became a burgesses . • He was arrested when he went to his seat. • He became general of some Indians.
Battle of Manassas • On a warm July day in 1861 two great armies of a divided nation clashed for the first time on the fields overlooking Bull Run • These troops were 90 day volunteers summoned by Abraham Lincoln after the startling news of Fort Sumter • Manassas National Battle Field Park was established in 1940 to preserve the scene of two major Civil war battles
James Armistead • James was a slave • He was general at Yorktown • He says that spies come from the most unlikely places • He changed his name • He was hired as a spy
Nat Turner • He was born on October 2 • He led one of the first important slave revolts • His revolt helped to bring about the Civil war • In his 20s Nat escaped slavery and returned one month later to free his people • 6 days after his trial he was hung in Jamestown Virginia November 11 1831
Abraham Lincoln • November 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln is elected 16th U.S. president. • December 20, 1860 South Carolina secedes from the union. • May 18,1860 Nominated to be the Republican candidate for president of the U.S. • February 11, 1861 Lincoln gives a brief farewell to friends and supporters at Springfield and leaves by train for Washington. • March 4, 1861 Inauguration ceremonies in Washington.President Lincoln delivers his first Inaugural Address.
Jim Crow Laws • He wrote newspaper articles. • Jim Crow Laws had a museum. • 1880s-1960s a majority of American states enforced through “Jim Crow” Laws (so called after a black character in minstrel shows). • Laws that enforced racial segregation in the V.S. south between 1877s and 1950’s • Southern legislation passed laws requiring segregation of whites and “persons of color“, on public transportation.
Arthur Ashe • Born July 10,1993 • Died February 6,1993 • Marred Jeanne Marie • Born in New York • Won a N C A A championship
Lawrence Douglas Wilder • Laurence Douglas Wilder (1931) was the first African American in the united states to be elected governor of a state. • In 1985 Laurence Douglas Wilder was elected lieutenant governor. • Four years later he became elected governor of Virginia. • Wilder was the first black member of the Senate of Virginia in the twentieth century. • For a brief time in 1991 Wilder was candidate for the Democratic Nomination for president of the United States.