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Famous People of Virginia History . Revolution War Era Civil War Era 20th Century Glossary Follow-Up Activities Resources and Links Teacher’s Slide (hidden in show). Key Figures of the Revolutionary War. 1775- 1781. Back to Index. George Washington “Father of Our Country”.

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famous people of virginia history

Famous People of Virginia History

Revolution War Era

Civil War Era

20th Century

Glossary

Follow-Up Activities

Resources and Links

Teacher’s Slide (hidden in show)

george washington father of our country
George Washington“Father of Our Country”
  • Born: February 22, 1732, Pope’s Creek, VA
  • Surveyor, soldier and planter
  • Commander in chief of the Continental Army
  • 1789: Unanimously elected 1st president
  • Died: Dec. 14, 1799
surveyor

Surveyor -

A person whose work is to measure and map plots of land

continental army

Continental Army -

The American Army led by George Washington that fought the British in the American Revolution

patrick henry give me liberty or give me death
Patrick Henry“Give me liberty, or give me death!”
  • Born: 1736
  • Spoke out against taxation without representation.
  • Revolutionary War orator and statesman
  • Urged armed resistance against the British
  • Declared: "Give me liberty, or give me death!”
  • Died : 1799
orator

Orator -

A person who gives a serious public speech

thomas jefferson author of the declaration of independence
Thomas JeffersonAuthor of the Declaration of Independence
  • Born: April 13, 1743 - Shadwell Plantation, Albemarle County, VA
  • Graduated 1762, College of William and Mary
  • 1776: wrote the Declaration of Independence
  • 1801- 1809: 3rd President of the United States
  • Died: July 4, 1826. Buried in Monticello, VA
declaration of independence

Declaration of Independence

A statement written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776 that explained why the colonies should be independent from Great Britain

george wythe signer of the declaration of independence
George WytheSigner of the Declaration of Independence
  • Born: 1726 near Yorktown,VA
  • 1748: Became a member of Virginia House of Burgesses
  • Lawyer and educator
  • Thomas Jefferson’s law teacher
  • August 27, 1776: Signed Declaration of Independence
  • Died: June 8,1806 of poisoning
  • Left all of his books to President Jefferson
house of burgesses

House of Burgesses -

Part of the colonial

General Assembly

james madison father of the constitution
James Madison“ Father of the Constitution”
  • Born: March 16, 1751 at Port Conway, Virginia
  • Signed the Declaration of Independence
  • 4th U.S. President
  • Died on June 28, 1836
james lafayette spied on british during american revolution
James LafayetteSpied on British during American Revolution
  • Born: A slave - 1748
  • 1781:Given permission to leave his master’s service and volunteer with American troops fighting under Marquis de Lafayette
  • Became master spy
  • 1787: Given freedom for service during American Revolution
  • Died: 1830
slave

Slave -

A person who is owned by another person and has no freedom at all

george mason father of the bill of rights
George MasonFather of the Bill of Rights
  • Born: 1725 in Fairfax County, Virginia
  • Author of the Virginia Declaration of Rights
  • Died on Oct. 7, 1792, Fairfax County, Virginia
  • Home was called Gunston Hall
james monroe author of the monroe doctrine
James MonroeAuthor of the Monroe Doctrine
  • Born: April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County, VA
  • Member of the Continental Congress
  • Negotiated with Napoleon for the Louisiana Territory
  • 5th U.S. President
  • Drew up the Monroe Doctrine in 1823
  • Died: July 4, 1831 in New York City, New York
monroe doctrine

Monroe Doctrine -

President Monroe’s statement that the U.S. would regard as an unfriendly act any move by a European nation to try to control the affairs of American countries or to get more territory on the American continent

test your knowledge
Test Your Knowledge

Which of the following men did not sign the Declaration of Independence?

James Monroe

James Madison

George Wythe

Thomas

Jefferson

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yes you are correct
Yes! You are correct!

Return to

“Test Your

Knowledge”

sorry try again
Sorry, try again.

Return to

“Test Your

Knowledge”

nat turner led slave revolt against plantation owners in va
Nat TurnerLed slave revolt against plantation owners in VA.
  • Born a slave in Southampton County, Virginia
  • Gifted speaker and religious leader who claimed that God spoke to him
  • August 21, 1831: led a revolt on his master’s plantation
  • Sixty white people were killed
  • State and Federal troops stopped the fighting
  • Hanged for his part in the revolt
  • Led to the strengthening of the "Black Codes" throughout the south
slave23

Slave -

A person who is owned by another person and has no freedom at all

revolt

Revolt -

The act of rising up against the government

john brown seized federal arsenal at harper s ferry in an attempt to arm slaves for revolt
John BrownSeized federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry in an attempt to arm slaves for revolt
  • Born: May 9, 1800
  • Abolitionist who believed the slaves should be set free
  • Led a revolt at Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia
  • Revolt was crushed by the Union Army
  • Hung for treason October 16, 1859

John Brown’s fort then and now.

abolitionist

Abolitionist -

One who tried to end slavery

treason

Treason -

The act of betraying one’s country, especially by helping the enemy in time of war

abraham lincoln 16th u s president
Abraham Lincoln16th U.S. President
  • Born: February 12, 1809, Harden County, Kentucky
  • Learned to read, write and cipheron his own
  • 1861: Elected 16th President
  • 1863: Emancipation Proclamation which freed the slaves in the South and ended the Civil War
  • Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth while attending the theater April 15, 1865 in Washington D.C.`
cipher

cipher -

To do arithmetic

assassinate

Assassinate -

To kill, especially to murder a government leader or other important person

robert e lee general and commander of the confederate army
Robert E. LeeGeneral and Commander of the Confederate Army
  • Born: January 19,1807 at Stratford, Virginia
  • Graduated from West Point Military Academy
  • Served in the U. S. Army 32 years
  • Resigned to lead the Confederate Army
  • Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox, Virginia in April 1865
  • Died: October 12, 1870
surrender

Surrender -

To give oneself up

ulysses s grant union general that accepted lee s surrender
Ulysses S. Grant Union General that accepted Lee’s surrender
  • Born: April 27, 1822, Point Pleasant, Ohio
  • 1843: Graduated from U.S. Military Academy, West Point
  • 1865: Accepted Lee’s surrender at Appomattox
  • 18th president of the United States (1869-77)
  • Died: July 23, 1885
j e b stuart general in confederate army
J.E.B. StuartGeneral in Confederate Army
  • Born: February 6, 1833, Patrick County, Virginia
  • Graduated from West Point
  • Resigned and joined the Confederate Army
  • Called “Eyes of the Army” by Robert E. Lee
  • Died: May 12, 1864, during Civil War battle
thomas stonewall jackson general in confederate army
Thomas “Stonewall” JacksonGeneral in Confederate Army
  • Born: January 21, 1824 at Clarksburg, West Virginia
  • 1846: Graduated U.S. Military Academy, West Point
  • Earned the nickname “Stonewall” at the first battle at Bull Run
  • Robert E. Lee’s most trusted commander
  • Died: May 10, 1863 of pneumonia, after being wounded in battle
test your knowledge36
Test Your Knowledge

Which of the following men was a member of the Union Army?

J. E. B Stuart

Ulysses S. Grant

Robert E. Lee

Stonewall

Jackson

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maggie lena walker opened the first bank for african americans
Maggie Lena WalkerOpened the first bank for African-Americans
  • Born: 1867 to former slaves
  • Educated in Richmond’s public schools
  • School teacher for three years
  • 1903: Established St. Luke Penny Savings Bank
  • Died: December 15, 1934, Richmond,VA
woodrow wilson 28th u s president
Woodrow Wilson28th U.S. President
  • Born: December 28, 1856, Staunton,Virginia
  • 1912: Became 28th U.S. President
  • Best known as the “World War I President”
  • 1919: Won the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Died: February 3, 1924, Washington, D.C. of natural causes
harry f byrd sr led movement against integration
Harry F. Byrd, Sr.Led movement against integration
  • Born: June 1, 1887 in Virginia
  • Served as Virginia Governor
  • U.S. Senator from Virginia
  • Led the Massive Resistance Movement protesting integration
  • Died: October 20, 1966
arthur ashe first african american professional tennis player
Arthur AsheFirst African American professional tennis player
  • Born: July 10, 1943, Richmond, VA
  • First African-American ever picked for the U.S Davis Cup tennis team
  • Won three Grand Slam singles titles during his 10-year career
  • Died: February 6, 1993
l douglas wilder first african american governor in u s
L. Douglas WilderFirst African-American governor in U.S.
  • Born: January 17, 1931, in Richmond, Virginia
  • Served 16 years in the Virginia Senate
  • 1986: Became Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
  • 1990: Elected Governor of Virginia; the first African-American governor in U.S. history
test your knowledge43
Test Your Knowledge

Which of the following was the first African American governor?

Arthur.Ashe

Douglas Wilder

Maggie Lena

Walker

Woodrow

Wilson

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sorry try again44

Sorry, try again.

Return to

“Test Your

Knowledge”

glossary a h
Glossary (A - H)
  • Abolitionist -one who tried to end slavery
  • Assassinate - to kill, especially to murder a government leader or other important person
  • cipher - to do arithmetic
  • Continental Army - the American Army led by George Washington that fought the British in the American Revolution
  • Declaration of Independence - a statement written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776 that explained why the colonies should be independent from Great Britain
  • House of Burgesses - part of the colonial General Assembly
glossary m sla
Glossary (M - Sla)
  • Monroe Doctrine - President Monroe’s statement that the U.S. would regard as an unfriendly act any move by a European nation to try to control the affairs of American countries or to get more territory on the American continent
  • Orator - a person who gives a public speech of a serious kind
  • Revolt - the act of rising up against the government
  • Slave - a person who is owned by another person and has no freedom at all
glossary su z
Glossary (Su - Z)
  • Surrender - to give oneself up
  • Surveyor - a person whose work is to measure and map plots of land
  • Treason - the act of betraying one’s country, especially by helping the enemy in time of war