The Self and Others: An Anthropological Approach October 22, 2010
Agenda • Colours of Society • Introduction to Self: An Anthropological Approach • Cultural Anthropology • Margaret Mead and her comparative study • Nature vs. Nurture • Case Studies • Assignment: Debate
Colours of Society • In your groups, read and understand the cultural significance for each colour.
Introduction to Self: Anthropological Approach • What is the self? Anthropologists believe that concepts of the self, and who we are is culturally constructed. Cultural Anthropology: the study of how culture shapes human ideas and learned behaviour.
Cultural Anthropology Cultural Anthropology: the study of how culture shapes human ideas and learned behaviour. Ethnocentrism: the tendency to judge other cultures b y one’s own values Cultural Relativism: respecting and accepting all cultures
Margaret Mead (1901-1978) • Conducted field work in New Guinea, Polynesia and other Pacific Islands • Findings supported the notion that the learned culture, not biology (nurture not nature) largely determines human behaviour • Study: Arapesh/Mundagumor /Tchambuili
Conclusions • Most personality traits associated with ‘masculinity’ and ‘femininity’ are due to learned behaviour and not heredity. • Nurture determined human behaviour not nature.
Nature vs. Nurture • Nature: inherited, biological characteristics • Nurture: learned, environmental forces Which has more of an impact on personality development?
Case Studies • “The Boy Who was Raised a Girl” from The Human Way. • Excerpt from the text book Human Way, Images of Society, about Twin Studies
Assignment- Debate • Groups of 4 • 2 people will be arguing for nature • 2 people will be arguing for nurture • Use the examples given in class as well as other resources to compile information for your debate. • Follow the guidelines and rubric on the assignment page. Due on October 29th, 2010
Conclusion • Self and Others • Margaret Mead • Nature vs. Nurture