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Post WW II and the 1950’s Domestic Affairs. U. S. Military Demobilizes armed forces GI Bill of Rights Ended price control and rationing policies

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post ww ii and the 1950 s domestic affairs
Post WW II and the 1950’s Domestic Affairs
  • U. S. Military
  • Demobilizes armed forces
  • GI Bill of Rights
  • Ended price control and rationing policies
  • Housing shortage led to suburb developments - William Levitt – Started suburban developments 1947 completed in 1951 called Levittown in NY, Nassau County
creation of the united nations
Creation of the United Nations
  • Charter for the United Nations adopted at the San Francisco Conference in April, 1945 –Located in New York City
  • Structure of the United Nations:
  • General Assembly
  • Security Council
  • Secretary General of the U. N.
events that led to the cold war period
Events that led to the Cold War Period
  • Conflict with Germany and Berlin
  • Conflict of governments in Eastern Europe – leads to “IRON Curtain” or “Satellite Nations”
  • Exception Yugoslavia- Marshal Tito (Josip Broz)
  • Soviet Aid to Chinese Communist (Mao Zedong)
  • Disagreement in Korea
  • Issues with Soviets role in post war Japan
  • Problems in southern Europe and Western Asia (Turkey &Iran)
beginning of the cold war
Beginning of the Cold War
  • Policy of Containment – prevent the spread of communism in the world! U.S. policies
  • Truman Doctrine
  • Marshall Plan
  • NATO
  • SEATO
  • Eisenhower Doctrine
cold war continued
Cold War Continued
  • Berlin Blockade – Berlin airlift
  • USSR explodes atomic bomb in 1949
  • Korean War – Communist N. Korea invades

S. Korea – United Nations helps S. Korea – Chinese help N. Korea - 1950-1953 – settled dispute along 38° parallel.

* Hungarian Revolt 1956

* problems in the middle east – 1) Suez Canal Crisis 2) Lebanon 1958

* 1954 United States provides a small amount of aid to South Vietnam – begins our involvement!

domestic affairs post ww ii 1959
Domestic Affairs – Post WW II -1959
  • Election of 1948 – Harry Truman v. Tom Dewey
domestic policies desegregating america
Domestic Policies – Desegregating America
  • Desegregation Begins – Truman issues an Executive Order to desegregate the military!
  • Jackie Robinson becomes the first Black American to play major league baseball – Larry Doby first Black American to play in the American League with the “Tribe”
domestic events under truman
Domestic Events under Truman
  • Senator Joseph McCarthy – “Communist Witch Hunt.” Ends with Army-McCarthy hearings and Censured by U.S. Senate.
  • Rosenberg Trial – Julius And Ethel –accused of selling atomic bomb secrets (atomic espionage) to the USSR – 1950 –convicted and executed by the electric chair in 1953.
  • First H-Bomb tested 1952
domestic policies under ike
Domestic Policies under “IKE”
  • Federal Highway Act – purpose
  • Creation of NASA (civilian organization) 1958 Reaction to Sputnik (soviets) in 1957 - U.S. countered with Telstar launched in 1960 (I & II)
  • Beginning of Civil Rights Movement:

a) Brown v. Board of Education (Topeka Kansas)

b) Montgomery Bus Boycott – Rosa Parks/ Martin Luther King

c) Little Rock Nine – integration Riots

d) Strom Thurmond – Senator from South Carolina opposed civil rights movement.

  • Statehood 1959:

Alaska – 49th

Hawaii – 50th

V) Passing of the 22nd Amendment – two term limit for the President

cultural advancements changes during post ww ii 1950 s
Cultural Advancements & Changes during post WW II & 1950’s
  • Beginning of Rock and roll – Alan Freed – Elvis Presley
  • Vaccine for Polio developed by Jonas Salk
  • Bomb Shelters
  • Drive in movies and Motels
  • Beatniks – Jack Kerouac & Allen Ginsberg
  • Playboy magazine – Hugh Hefner
  • Televisions – 1948-49 explodes on the scene in the United States Einstein a BIG fan!