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Syntax Word patterns. Post & post-. Post haste Post hoc “Post the Geneva meeting of Opec the OECD reckons that its 24 member countries…”. postpartum Postmodern Postposition post-apartheid Post-game. Post & post-. S. AvpP. NP. NP. NP. VP. Adv. Det. N. N. Aux. V.

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Syntax word patterns
SyntaxWord patterns

English 306A; Harris


Post post
Post & post-

  • Post haste

  • Post hoc

  • “Post the Geneva meeting of Opec the OECD reckons that its 24 member countries…”

  • postpartum

  • Postmodern

  • Postposition

  • post-apartheid

  • Post-game

English 306A; Harris


Post post1
Post & post-

S

AvpP

NP

NP

NP

VP

Adv

Det

N

N

Aux

V

Post the election Frink was depressed

English 306A; Harris


Post post2
Post & post-

S

A

NP

VP

NP

Af

N

AP

NP

postpartum

N

V

A

N

Marge has postpartum depression

English 306A; Harris


Post post3
Post & post-

Adv

A

Af

N

post

postpartum

English 306A; Harris


Arguments and roles
Arguments and roles

  • Argument: a phrase governed by a predicate (verb).

  • Grammatical role: the grammatical job arguments assume.

  • Semantic role: the conceptual job arguments assume.

Semasiological

(concern form)

Onomasiological

(concern meaning)

English 306A; Harris


Linear sequence english basic sentence patterns p 89
Linear SequenceEnglish basic sentence patterns (p.89)

  • V1

  • V2

  • V3

  • VCOP

  • VCOMP

  • VT-COMP

Intransitive

Transitive

Ditransitive

Copulative

Complement

Transitive-complement

1 argument

2 arguments

3 arguments

2 arguments (1= complement)

2 argument (1=complement)

3 arguments(1=complement)

English 306A; Harris


Sentences
Sentences

  • Homer preens.

  • Homer loves his blanket.

  • Homer eats.

  • Homer eats crap.

  • The fat bald guy eats crap.

  • The fat bald guy eats vast quantities of artery-hardening crap.

  • The fat bald guy throws the dog a bone.

English 306A; Harris


Verbs
Verbs

  • Homer preens.

  • Homer loves his blanket.

  • Homer eats.

  • Homer eats crap.

  • The fat bald guy eats crap.

  • The fat bald guy eats vast quantities of artery-hardening crap.

  • The fat bald guy throws the dog a bone .

English 306A; Harris


Arguments
Arguments

V1

  • Homer preens.

  • Homer loves his blanket.

  • Homer eats.

  • Homer eats crap.

  • The fat bald guy eats crap.

  • The fat bald guy eats vast quantities of artery-hardening crap.

  • The fat bald guy throws the doga bone.

V2

V1

V2

V2

V2

V3

English 306A; Harris


Sentences1
Sentences

  • Homer is sexy.

  • Homer is a nuclear-plant operations guy.

  • Homer is in the kitchen.

  • Homer goes to the bar.

  • The collar belongs to Santa’s Little Helper.

  • Marge bakes a cake for Maggie.

  • Bart throws a bone to the dog

English 306A; Harris


Verbs1
Verbs

  • Homer is sexy.

  • Homer is a nuclear-plant operations guy.

  • Homer is in the kitchen.

  • Homer goes to the bar.

  • The collar belongs to Santa’s Little Helper.

  • Marge bakes a cake for Maggie.

  • Bart throws a bone to the dog.

English 306A; Harris


Arguments1
Arguments

VCOP

  • Homer is sexy.

  • Homer is a nuclear-plant operations guy.

  • Homer is in the kitchen.

  • Homer goes to the bar.

  • The collar belongs to Santa’s Little Helper.

  • Marge bakes a cake for Maggie.

  • Bart throws a bone to the dog.

VCOP

VCOP

VCOMP

VCOMP

VT-COMP

VT-C0MP

English 306A; Harris


Semantic roles
Semantic roles

Patient

Essive

  • Homer is sexy.

  • Homer is a nuclear-plant operations guy.

  • Homer is in the kitchen.

  • Homer goes to the bar.

  • The collar belongs to Santa’s Little Helper.

  • Marge bakes a cake for Maggie.

  • Bart throws a bone to the dog.

Patient

Essive

English 306A; Harris


Semantic roles1
Semantic roles

Patient

Essive

  • Homer is sexy.

  • Homer is a nuclear-plant operations guy.

  • Homer is in the kitchen.

  • Homer goes to the bar.

  • The collar belongs to Santa’s Little Helper.

  • Marge bakes a cake for Maggie.

  • Bart throws a bone to the dog.

Patient

Essive

Patient

Essive

English 306A; Harris


Semantic roles2
Semantic roles

Patient

Essive

  • Homer is sexy.

  • Homer is a nuclear-plant operations guy.

  • Homer is in the kitchen.

  • Homer goes to the bar.

  • The collar belongs to Santa’s Little Helper.

  • Marge bakes a cake for Maggie.

  • Bart throws a bone to the dog.

Patient

Essive

Patient

Essive

Agent

Location

English 306A; Harris


Semantic roles3
Semantic roles

Patient

Essive

  • Homer is sexy.

  • Homer is a nuclear-plant operations guy.

  • Homer is in the kitchen.

  • Homer goes to the bar.

  • The collar belongs to Santa’s Little Helper.

  • Marge bakes a cake for Maggie.

  • Bart throws a bone to the dog.

Patient

Essive

Patient

Essive

Agent

Location

Patient

Possessor

English 306A; Harris


Semantic roles4
Semantic roles

Patient

Essive

  • Homer is sexy.

  • Homer is a nuclear-plant operations guy.

  • Homer is in the kitchen.

  • Homer goes to the bar.

  • The collar belongs to Santa’s Little Helper.

  • Marge bakes a cake for Maggie.

  • Bart throws a bone to the dog.

Patient

Essive

Patient

Essive

Agent

Location

Patient

Possessor

Agent

Patient

Recipient

English 306A; Harris


Semantic roles5
Semantic roles

Patient

Essive

  • Homer is sexy.

  • Homer is a nuclear-plant operations guy.

  • Homer is in the kitchen.

  • Homer goes to the bar.

  • The collar belongs to Santa’s Little Helper.

  • Marge bakes a cake for Maggie.

  • Bart throws a bone to the dog.

Patient

Essive

Patient

Essive

Agent

Location

Patient

Possessor

Agent

Patient

Recipient

Agent

Patient

Recipient

English 306A; Harris


Semantic roles6
Semantic Roles

English 306A; Harris


Event schemata

Simplex

Complex

Event schemata

Being

Happening

Doing

Experiencing

Having

Moving

Transferring

English 306A; Harris


Semantic roles7
Semantic Roles

English 306A; Harris


Simplex event schemata
Simplex event schemata

Subject NP ≈ Patient

Complement ≈ Essive

  • Being

  • Happening

  • Doing

  • Experiencing

  • Having

  • E.g.s

    • Homer is large.

    • Homer is a safety inspector.

    • Homer is in the shower.

Subjects

Complements

Patients

Essives

English 306A; Harris


Simplex event schemata1
Simplex event schemata

  • Subject NP ≈ Patient

  • E.g.s

    • Homer fell asleep.

    • Homer ages.

    • Homer stumbled.

  • Being

  • Happening

  • Doing

  • Experiencing

  • Having

Subjects

Patients

English 306A; Harris


Simplex event schemata2
Simplex event schemata

  • Subject NP ≈ Agent

  • E.g.s

    • Homer eats.

    • Homer yells.

  • Being

  • Happening

  • Doing

  • Experiencing

  • Having

Subjects

Agents

English 306A; Harris


Simplex event schemata3
Simplex event schemata

  • Subject NP ≈ Agent

  • (Object NP ≈ Patient)

  • E.g.s

    • Homer eats.

    • Homer yells.

    • Homer catches Bart.

    • Homer blamed Marge.

  • Being

  • Happening

  • Doing

  • Experiencing

  • Having

Subjects

Objects

Agents

Patients

English 306A; Harris


Simplex event schemata4
Simplex event schemata

  • Subject NP ≈ Experiencer

  • (Object NP ≈ Patient)

  • E.g.s

    • Homer laments.

    • Homer loathes Flanders.

    • Homer saw Chief Wiggum.

  • Being

  • Happening

  • Doing

  • Experiencing

  • Having

English 306A; Harris


Simplex event schemata5
Simplex event schemata

  • Subject NP ≈ Experiencer

  • (Object NP ≈ Patient)

  • E.g.s

    • Homer laments.

    • Homer loathes Flanders.

    • Homer saw Chief Wiggum.

  • Being

  • Happening

  • Doing

  • Experiencing

  • Having

  • (Contrast: Homer watched Chief Wiggum.)

Subjects

Objects

Experiencer

Patients

English 306A; Harris


Simplex event schemata6
Simplex event schemata

  • Subject NP ≈ Possessor

  • Object NP ≈ Patient

  • E.g.s

    • Homer has three kids.

    • Homer has a keen sense of smell.

    • Homer has chicken pox.

    • Homer owns a dog.

    • Homer possesses a hatbox.

  • Being

  • Happening

  • Doing

  • Experiencing

  • Having

Subjects

Objects

Possessors

Patients

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata
Complex event schemata

Simplex occurrence (Happening, Having, or Doing) with explicit reference to motion.

Start = Source

End = Goal

Route = Path

  • Moving

  • Transferring

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata1
Complex event schemata

Simplex occurrence (Happening, Having, or Doing) with explicit reference to motion.

Happening + Source/Path/Goal

Doing + Source/Path/Goal

  • Moving

  • Transferring

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata2
Complex event schemata

Happening + Source/Path/Goal

Subj NP ≈ Patient

Complements ≈ Source, Path, Goal

  • Moving

  • Transferring

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata3
Complex event schemata

  • Happening + Source/Path/Goal

  • E.g.s

    • Homer stumbled home.

    • Homer stumbled homefromApu’s.

    • Homer stumbled home, downthe sidewalkfromApu’s.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata4
Complex event schemata

  • Happening + Source/Path/Goal

  • Moving

  • Transferring

Homer stumbled home, downthe sidewalkfromApu’s.

Patient

Goal

Path

Source

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata5
Complex event schemata

  • Doing + Source/Path/Goal

  • E.g.s

    • Homer climbed outofthe window.

    • Homer climbed upMount Splashmorefrombase camptothe summit.

    • Homer ran screaming acrossthe back yardtoFlander’s.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata6
Complex event schemata

  • Doing + Source/Path/Goal

  • Moving

  • Transferring

  • Homer ran screaming acrossthe back yardtoFlander’s.

Goal

Agent

Path

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata7
Complex event schemata

Happening

Having Moving

Doing

  • Moving

  • Transferring

+

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata8
Complex event schemata

Happening

Having Moving

Doing

  • Moving

  • Transferring

+

A complex schema already

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata9
Complex event schemata

Happening

Having Moving

Doing

  • Moving

  • Transferring

+

A complex schema already

Happening or Doing+ Source/Path/Goal

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata10
Complex event schemata

  • Happening

  • Having Moving

  • Doing

  • E.g.

    • Homer dropped the ball on his foot.

    • Homer won $1.76 from the Springfield Lottery Corporation.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata11
Complex event schemata

  • Happening

  • Having Moving

  • Doing

  • E.g.

    • Homer dropped the ball on his foot.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

Happening:

Patient

Patient

Patient

Moving:

Source

Patient

Goal

Happening:

Patient

Patient

Patient

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata12
Complex event schemata

  • Happening

  • Having Moving

  • Doing

  • E.g.s

    • Homer sold the dog.

    • Homer sold the dog to Moe.

    • Homer bought the dog from Moe.

    • Homer bought the dog from a puppy mill in Halton.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

+

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata13
Complex event schemata

  • Happening

  • Having Moving

  • Doing

  • E.g.

    • Homer sold the dog.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

+

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata14
Complex event schemata

  • Happening

  • Having Moving

  • Doing

  • E.g.

    • Homer sold the dog.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

+

Having: It’s about possession,

Moving: but the possession ‘moves’. It leaves Homer (transfers from him).

Doing: Homer actively causes the transfer.

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata15
Complex event schemata

  • Happening

  • Having Moving

  • Doing

  • E.g.

    • Homer sold the dog.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

+

Having:

Possessor

Patient

Moving:

Source

Patient

Doing:

Agent

Patient

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata16
Complex event schemata

  • Happening

  • Having Moving

  • Doing

  • E.g.

    • Homer sold the dog to Moe.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

+

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata17
Complex event schemata

  • Happening

  • Having Moving

  • Doing

  • E.g.

    • Homer sold the dog to Moe.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

+

Having: It’s about possession,

Moving: but the possession ‘moves’. It transfers from Homer to Moe.

Doing: Homer actively causes the transfer.

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata18
Complex event schemata

  • Happening

  • Having Moving

  • Doing

  • E.g.s

    • Homer threw the dog a bone.

    • Homer mailed Marge a letter.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

English 306A; Harris


Complex event schemata19
Complex event schemata

  • Happening

  • Having Moving

  • Doing

  • E.g.

    • Homer threw the dog a bone.

  • Moving

  • Transferring

Doing:

Agent

Receiver

Patient

Moving:

Source

Goal

Patient

Doing:

Agent

Receiver

Patient

English 306A; Harris


Arguments and voice
Arguments and “voice”

Doing schema

Active voice

Argument1

V2

Argument2

Maggie bandages the cat.

English 306A; Harris


Arguments and voice grammatical roles
Arguments and “voice”Grammatical roles

Doing schema

Active voice

Subject

V2

Object

Maggie bandages the cat.

English 306A; Harris


Arguments and voice semantic roles
Arguments and “voice” Semantic roles

Doing schema

Active voice

Agent

V2

Patient

Maggie bandages the cat.

English 306A; Harris


Arguments and voice1
Arguments and “voice”

Happening schema

Passive voice

Argument1

V1

The cat is bandaged by Maggie.

English 306A; Harris


Arguments and voice grammatical roles1
Arguments and “voice” Grammatical roles

Happening schema

Passive voice

Subject

V1

Comp

The cat is bandaged by Maggie.

English 306A; Harris


Arguments and voice2
Arguments and “voice”

Happening schema

Passive voice

  • Passive

    • an alternate Happening schema for a proposition normally expressed as a Doing schema

    • an alternate VCOMP pattern for what is normally expressed as a V2 pattern

The cat is bandaged by Maggie.

English 306A; Harris


Arguments and voice semantic roles1
Arguments and “voice” Semantic roles

Happening schema

Passive voice

Patient

V1

Agent

The cat is bandaged by Maggie.

English 306A; Harris


Syntax
Syntax

  • The sentence

    the verb and its arguments

    the subject and the predicate phrase

  • Event schemata

    simplex

    complex (simplex + relocation)

    semantic roles

English 306A; Harris


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