concepts governance rule of law n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Concepts: Governance Rule of Law PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Concepts: Governance Rule of Law

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 35

Concepts: Governance Rule of Law - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 120 Views
  • Uploaded on

SS8H4a Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of both the Georgia Constitution of 1777 and the Articles of Confederation and explain how weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation led to a need to revise the Articles. Concepts: Governance Rule of Law.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Concepts: Governance Rule of Law' - francis-mcneil


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
concepts governance rule of law

SS8H4aAnalyze the strengths and weaknesses of both the Georgia Constitution of 1777 and the Articles of Confederation and explain how weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation led to a need to revise the Articles.

Concepts:

Governance

Rule of Law

georgia statehood and the u s constitution
GEORGIA STATEHOOD and the U.S. CONSTITUTION

ESSENTIAL QUESTION

What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Georgia Constitution of 1777?

distribution of power

The student will understand that distribution of power in government is a product of existing documents and laws combined with contemporary values and beliefs.How would you describe the distribution of power at Moses Middle School? Which branch of government is responsible for making laws?Why did the writers of the Georgia Constitution of 1777 want to limit the power of the Executive branch (Governor)?

Distribution of Power

georgia constitution of 1777
STRENGTHS

Separation of Powers

8 Counties (local government) each county had its own government, court, school, and militia

Citizens were guaranteed freedom of religion, press, and trial by jury

WEAKNESSES

Uni-cameral legislature (one house) had too much power – appoint (choose) the Governor and judges

Governor served only a 1 year term

Only white men 21 and over with property could vote

Amending (changing) the constitution was difficult

GEORGIA CONSTITUTION OF 1777
slide5

Appointed by executive council

Appointed by legislature

1 year term

GOVERNOR

STATE

JUDGES

Very little power

GA

Constitution

of 1777

EXECUTIVE

JUDICIARY

LEGISLATIVE

Uni-cameral (1 house) called the House of Assembly

Power to appoint Governor and judges

LEGISLATORS

(lawmakers)

Have most of the power

primary source document
Primary Source Document

GEORGIA CONSTITUTION OF 1777

Article IX. All male white inhabitants, of the age of twenty-one years, and possessed in his own right of ten pounds value, and liable to pay tax in this State, or being of any mechanic trade, and shall have been resident six months in this State, shall have a right to vote at all elections for representatives, or any other officers...

concepts governance rule of law1

SS8H4aAnalyze the strengths and weaknesses of both the Georgia Constitution of 1777 and the Articles of Confederation and explain how weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation led to a need to revise the Articles.

Concepts:

Governance

Rule of Law

georgia statehood and the u s constitution1
GEORGIA STATEHOOD and the U.S. CONSTITUTION

ESSENTIAL QUESTION

What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?

articles of confederation
STRENGTHS

1st constitution

Central government

Federalism – power divided between central (national) gov’t and individual state gov’t

Congress could:

Declare war

Sign treaties

Deliver mail

Create money

WEAKNESSES

Weak national gov’t

State gov’t too strong

Uni-cameral legislature (Congress)

States only had 1 representative and 1 vote in Congress

No executive branch or president

No national court system

Could not tax the states to raise money

Could not regulate (control) trade

Could not enforce laws

Each state had its own currency and militia

Too difficult to amend (change) the Articles

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
problems
Problems
  • States with large populations felt they were inadequately represented in Congress.
  • States ignored requests. Thus, Congress never had enough money to run the government.
  • There was no president to enforce the laws passed by Congress, and there were no federal courts to settle disputes between states.
  • It was difficult to obtain passage of legislation and almost impossible to amend the Articles.
  • States taxed each other’s products, they fought over navigation rights and set up their own systems of tariffs on imports. Foreign nations refused to negotiate agreements with the US because Congress was unable to enforce them.
  • A large amount of paper money was issued by both Congress and the individual states. Currency lost value.
conflict change

The student will understand that when there is conflict between or within societies, change is the result.Do all conflicts have to involve violence and war?How did the Articles of Confederation create a conflict?What changes were needed?

CONFLICT & CHANGE

conflict change1

The student will understand that when there is conflict between or within societies, change is the result.Do all conflicts have to involve violence and war?How did the Articles of Confederation create a conflict?What changes were needed?

CONFLICT & CHANGE

concepts individuals groups institutions governance conflict and change rule of law

SS8H4bDescribe the role of Georgia at the Constitutional Convention of 1787; include the role of Abraham Baldwin and William Few, and reasons why Georgia ratified the new constitution.

Concepts:

Individuals – Groups – Institutions

Governance

Conflict and Change

Rule of Law

georgia statehood and the u s constitution2
GEORGIA STATEHOOD and the U.S. CONSTITUTION

ESSENTIAL QUESTION

What role did Georgia’s Abraham Baldwin and William Few play in the Constitutional Convention of 1787?

conflict change2

The student will understand that when there is conflict between or within societies, change is the result.What does it mean to compromise? Give some examples from your own experiences.Why did states argue about the US Constitution, and what changed as a result?

CONFLICT & CHANGE

constitutional convention of 1787
Constitutional Convention of 1787
  • Why did our Founding Fathers need to revise the Articles of Confederation?

To create a stronger Federal (national / central) government that would UNITE the young country together.

  • What happened to the Articles of Confederation?

The Founding Fathers wrote a new constitution

concepts individuals groups institutions governance conflict and change rule of law1

SS8H4bDescribe the role of Georgia at the Constitutional Convention of 1787; include the role of Abraham Baldwin and William Few, and reasons why Georgia ratified the new constitution.

Concepts:

Individuals – Groups – Institutions

Governance

Conflict and Change

Rule of Law

slide23

BOTH MEN WERE REPRESENTATIVES FROM GEORGIA WHO HELPED CREATE AND SIGN THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION.

ABRAHAM BALDWIN PLAYED A BIG ROLE IN THE GREAT COMPROMISE THAT HELPED CREATE A BI-CAMERAL LEGISLATURE

WILLIAM FEW HELPED WRITE THE CONSTITUTION

ABRAHAM BALDWIN

WILLIAM FEW

slide25

CAUSE

EFFECT

ARTICLES

OF

CONFEDERATION

THE U.S. CONSTITUTION

Constitutional Convention

of

1787

  • Federal government

becomes more powerful

  • Separation of Powers

- Legislative branch

makes laws

- Executive branch

enforce laws

- Judicial branch

interpret laws

  • Bi-cameral legislature
  • House of Representatives

based on state population

  • Senate – 2 representatives

from each state

  • State governments had too much power
  • National government could not levy taxes, enforce laws, or control trade
  • No executive branch (President)
  • No judicial branch (no federal courts to settle disputes between the states)
  • Great Compromise: Bi-cameral legislature benefits both big and small states (population)
  • 3/5ths Compromise:

3 out of 5 slaves counted toward population and were also taxed

  • Bill of Rights: 1st ten amendments to the Constitution guaranteeing rights for citizens
slide26

BI-CAMERAL

2 REPRESENTATIIVES FROM EACH STATE

REPRESENTATIVES FROM EACH STATE BASED ON POPULATION

conflict change3

The student will understand that when there is conflict between or within societies, change is the result.What does it mean to compromise? Give some examples from your own experiences.Why did states argue about the US Constitution, and what changed as a result?

CONFLICT & CHANGE

concepts individuals groups institutions governance conflict and change rule of law2

SS8H4bDescribe the role of Georgia at the Constitutional Convention of 1787; include the role of Abraham Baldwin and William Few, and reasons why Georgia ratified the new constitution.

Concepts:

Individuals – Groups – Institutions

Governance

Conflict and Change

Rule of Law

georgia statehood and the u s constitution3
GEORGIA STATEHOOD and the U.S. CONSTITUTION

ESSENTIAL QUESTION

Why did Georgia ratify the new U.S. Constitution?

ratifying the us constitution
RATIFYING THE US CONSTITUTION

Why did Georgia ratify the new U.S. Constitution?

Wanted federal gov’t to have power to unite the country

Needed federal gov’t to help fight Native Americans in order for Georgians to move westward onto new lands

4th state to ratify on January 2nd, 1788

rule of law

The student will understand that in a democracy, rule of lawinfluences the behavior of citizens, establishes procedures for making policies, and limits the power of government.What are some rules in each of your classes? What are some rules in sports or games that we play?What part of the U.S. Constitution limits the power of government?

RULE of LAW

distribution of power1

The student will understand that distribution of power in government is a product of existing documents and laws combined with contemporary values and beliefs.What are some documents that distribute power? Which branch of government is responsible for making laws?What was wrong with the Articles of Confederation that influenced the states to create a new U.S. Constitution?

Distribution of Power

governance

The student will understand that as a society increases in complexity and interacts with other societies, the complexity of government also increases.Think back to elementary school. How are the rules more complex in middle school? Do you think they’ll be more complex in highschool? The 13 states each had their own society and government. What are some examples of states interacting together, which then made the national government more complex?

GOVERNANCE

sources
SOURCES
  • www.Glencoe.com
  • http://www.fresno.k12.ca.us/divdept/sscience/constitutionResouces.html
  • http://www.usconsulate.org.hk/pas/kids/images/branches.jpg
  • www.milan.k12.mi.us/.../image001.jpg
  • http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/christy/