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Theories of adolescent development . Ms. Maharaj. Adolescence is a journey marked by many changes in development –physical and emotional changes. There are many theories in addition to what we have studied that tries to explain: “What is really going on here?|. Theorist: Eduard Spranger.

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adolescence is a journey marked by many changes in development physical and emotional changes
Adolescence is a journey marked by many changes in development –physical and emotional changes

There are many theories in addition to what we have studied that tries to explain:

“What is really going on here?|

theorist eduard spranger
Theorist: Eduard Spranger

Concept: Dominant Values


German philosopher

Focused on Adolescence for research and studies

  • He explained that adolescence mark this period as a transition period from childhood to adulthood with physical, emotional and maturity changes
  • Dominant Value Direction is the coming together of a young person’s view, commitment to this view as the “guideline” for their world and moves that forward into adulthood
    • E.g. Craig Keilburger (Social Justice)
spranger and his 3 basic characteristics of behaviour in teens
Spranger and his 3 basic characteristics of behaviour in Teens
  • Rebirth occurs as a sign of maturity --the “AHA! Moment”
  • Acceptance of societies norms- cultural values and ideas
    • Giving up your seat on the TTC to the Elderly, pregnant etc
  • Self control and discipline becomes part of the teen’s job of behaviour management--- they can control and sanction themselves.
theorist leta stetter
Theorist: LetaStetter

Concept: Gradual Changes to Adulthood


American Psychologist

Argues against Stanley Hall– we learnt about him yesterday--- youth as confused and contrary individuals

  • She believed that ADL went through gradual, continual and calm development into adulthood
  • She proposed there weren’t stages but the experience as a journey and changes were noticeable along that journey
theorist kurt lewin
Theorist: Kurt Lewin

Concept: (Field) Theory of Adolescence


German Psychologist

Looked at groups in adl. Because so important to who we are and become

  • Attempts to explain a person’s individual behaviour without generalizing and creating myths and stereotypes (E.g. no self control)
  • Social Group membership changes in this stage of life and the adolescent has to choose their membership from child group to adult– this is a frustrating process to find their position now within the group
    • E.g. Think about transition from High School to Uni or College--- big fry vs. small fry
the other perspectives
The other perspectives
  • Structural Functionalism
    • Structures in society exist to serve members
    • Role as student is accepted in institutions where skills are being taught for success later on in the next stage
    • Must all learn so that we fulfill “the job” so society functions well
  • Conflict Theory
    • Power/wealth is basis for relationships and will have it’s conflict always
    • Socio-economic status in teen years assert importance
other perspectives
Other perspectives

Feminist Theory

Symbolic Interactionism

  • Conflict as a result of inequalities with gender
    • Female teens faced with barriers for career/negotiating expectations
  • We all play a role in society, it is the interpretation and value of the perceived role that maintains order
    • Recognize self as part of a family or society, working towards the greater good

Social Exchange Theory

  • We weigh pros and cons of belonging or participating in any group and take into account social relationships
  • This forces conformity to group behaviour without the objective look at self because haven’t done the work of weighing pros and cons.
  • Reading, Analysis and Discussion
  • The Baby Boomers….. Are we doomed!?