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Theories of Development. IP&T 301 Suzy Cox. Agenda. Brief review Jean Piaget Theory Capsule Lev Vygotsky Theory Capsule How the theories look in the classroom Supplementary Activity #4 Quiz. Piaget. Cognitive Constructivism Schemes Stages we ’ re concerned with: Preoperational

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theories of development

Theories of Development

IP&T 301

Suzy Cox

agenda
Agenda
  • Brief review
  • Jean Piaget Theory Capsule
  • Lev Vygotsky Theory Capsule
  • How the theories look in the classroom
  • Supplementary Activity #4
  • Quiz
piaget
Piaget
  • Cognitive Constructivism
  • Schemes
  • Stages we’re concerned with:
    • Preoperational
    • Concrete Operational (see chart on p. 27)
  • Criticisms
  • How do we implement this?
    • focus on process, active involvement, individual differences
vygotsky
Vygotsky
  • Social Constructivism
  • Self-regulation
  • Private Speech
  • Zone of Proximal Development
  • Scaffolding
  • Reciprocal Teaching
  • How do we implement this?
    • Mixed-ability grouping, challenging, self-monitoring
erikson
Erikson
  • Psychosocial crises
  • Stages we’re concerned with:
    • Initiative vs. Guilt
    • Industry vs. Inferiority
  • School plays a central role
  • How do we implement this?
    • Find student strengths, encourage experimentation
piaget s moral development
Piaget’s Moral Development
  • Cognitive abilities determine children’s abilities to reason about social situations
  • Heteronomous morality (until 10-12 – formal operations)
    • Constraint, moral realism – inflexible, consequences
  • Autonomous morality
    • Cooperation, equality, mutual agreement, intentions, fairness
  • Resolving conflicts with peers helps progress
kohlberg
Kohlberg
  • Moral dilemmas
  • Preconventional – until age 9 (varies)
    • Consequences, satisfy needs
  • Conventional
    • Golden Rule, approval, duty
  • Determine level of reasoning, moral dilemmas, challenge to next higher stage
how do we encourage moral development
How do we encourage moral development?
  • Weave discussions of justice and moral issues into lessons, particularly classroom events
  • Foster greater awareness of own and others’ feelings, social responsibilities, and ethical choices
  • Provide a framework of expected behavior
  • Discuss, “What if…?”,
  • Allow cooperative groups to create their own rules
supplementary activity 4
Supplementary Activity #4
  • Find a lesson plan
  • Choose a developmental theory
  • Analyze lesson plan based on that theory
  • http://msed.byu.edu/ipt/cox/301/hourout3.htm
assignments
Assignments
  • Read Ch. 9 (pg. 298-328)
  • Skinner Theory Capsules
  • Start thinking about your Intelligence-Fair assessment