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Research Methodology. EPH 7112 LECTURE 1: INTRODUCTION. Motivation. Professor asks students to study relationship between flame flickering and music beat 15 students said ‘yes’ 5 students said ‘no’ How did it happen?. Motivation. Condition of experiment different ‘Sensor’ biased

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research methodology

Research Methodology

EPH 7112


  • Professor asks students to study relationship between
    • flame flickering and
    • music beat
  • 15 students said ‘yes’
  • 5 students said ‘no’
  • How did it happen?
  • Condition of experiment different
  • ‘Sensor’ biased
  • “Planning and conducting rigorous research and development projects in science and engineering is often very challenging”
  • This is our motivation
  • Aim of Subject
  • Learning Outcome of Subject
  • Assessment Scheme
  • Definition of research
  • Introduction to academic research
  • Contemporary research in Engineering and Technology
aim of subject
Aim of Subject
  • The main objectives of this course are to help students:
    • To use information systems effectively;
    • To write a critical review of the relevant literature;
    • To identify a research problem;
    • To develop and write a research proposal for their discipline area;
aim of subject6
Aim of Subject
  • To propose and justify an appropriate research plan for the chosen research problem;
  • To choose and apply an appropriate experimental design to a particular research problem, if required;
  • To understand and apply a range of standard techniques for instrumentation and data acquisition;
  • To prepare a well written and concise research thesis or report
assessment scheme
Assessment Scheme
  • Group assignment
  • Preparation of research proposal
  • Graded as “Pass” or “Fail”
  • Critical Review
  • Research Proposal
  • Study Model
  • Research Ethics Case Studies
  • Technical Writing
  • Short assignments
reference books
Reference Books
  • Ranjit Kumar. "Research Methodology" Longman, 1996
  • Lindsay D. “A Guide to Scientific Writing” Longman, 1995
  • Ralph Berry. “How to write a Research Paper”, Pergamon, 1986
  • Gerson S J and Gerson S M. “Technical Writing Process and Product”, Prentice Hall, 1992
  • Coley S M and Scheinberg C A, "Proposal Writing", Newbury Sage Publications, 1990
how do you view research
How do you view research?
  • A quest for knowledge and understanding
  • An interesting and useful experience
  • A course for qualification
  • A career
  • A style of life
  • A way to improve quality of life
  • An ego boost
have you done research
Have you done research?
  • Not a new process
    • Looking for a dream job
    • Looking for good apartment
    • Buying a cheap car
    • Finding the love of your life …
  • Beginning of 2nd Millennium
  • Dark Ages – Renaissance
  • 3G Exploration – into Africa and Asia
  • Crusaders fight for Jerusalem
  • Can Earth possibly be flat?
  • Research begins ….
  • Chinese civilization
  • Islamic civilization
  • Indian civilization
  • All have contributions to research too …
definition of research
Definition of Research
  • Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (
    • careful or diligent search
    • studious inquiry or examination; especially : investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws
    • the collecting of information about a particular subject
definition of research15
Definition of research
  • Greenfield (1996): “Research is an art aided by skills of
    • inquiry,
    • experimental design,
    • data collection
    • measurement and analysis
  • by interpretation, and
  • by presentation”
  • fundamentally more significant as a contributor to the success of a commercial organization
  • apply scientific, engineering or technological knowledge in a systematic manner to improve performance
  • organization growth and increase shareholder value
  • Exploits technology created elsewhere
  • Has a final product or process tied to it
  • Has finite timescales in which to deliver
  • Has finite costs for the end product
  • Is targeted at tangible benefits for the customer
  • Research is a process that acquires new knowledge
  • Development is a process that applies knowledge to create new devices or effects
r d problems
R&D Problems
  • Research seeks truth
  • Development seeks utility
  • Industry can’t afford luxury of research
  • Academics uninterested with development
  • Myopic views
  • R&D is interdependent
r d problems20
R&D Problems
  • Research results cannot be reproduced
  • Data collection is haphazard
  • Experiment methods are chaotic
  • Trial and error …
  • Lack records
  • Reports are disorganized
academic research problems
Academic Research Problems
  • Very similar to R&D problems
  • Research methodology is important
  • In Science & Engineering, lack of emphasis on research methodology
  • Research methodology informal training
  • Importance of Research Methodology
  • Definition:
    • Research
    • Development