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The Territorial Dimensionin the legislative proposalsfor cohesion policy 2014-2020 ZsoltSZOKOLAI Policy Analyst, Urban development and territorial cohesion European Commission DG for Regional Policy
Overview • Aims, cornerstones, state of play • Urban investment priorities • Sustainable urban dimension and ITI • Urban innovative actions • Urban development platform • Community-led local development • Reinforced strategic and integrated programming
Strengthening the urban dimension • Concentration on EU priorities – Europe 2020 strategy • Reinforcing territorial cohesion (new Treaty objective) • Keeping the urban dimension in the mainstream, but improving it: • Enhancing the integrated approach • Better involvement of cities • Reintroduction of an experimental strand
Cities and urban areas benefiting fromcohesion policy investments and instruments Integrated and sectoral investments: • Thematic objectives, (urban) investment priorities • Community-led local development • Financial instruments(revolving funds) • Territorial cooperation ITI delegated to cities(minimum 5% of ERDF of each Member State) Urban innovative actions (0,2% of ERDFat EU level) Urban development platform
Investment priorities of the ERDF Contributing to the implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth Concentration on 11 thematic objectives ( Priority axes in OP) Support of different investment priorities, amongst which: Objective 4 – Shift towards low-carbon economy in all sectors: (e) Promoting low-carbon strategies for urban areas Objective 6 – Protecting the environment: (e) Improve the urban environment Objective 7 – Promoting sustainable transport: (c) promoting sustainable urban mobility Objective 9 – Promoting social inclusion: (b) Support for physical and economic regeneration of deprived urban communities
3. Sustainable urban development and integrated territorial investments (ITI)Article 7 ERDF regulation (recital 7) Article 99 CPR (recital 21, 65)
Why ITI for sustainable urban development? Sustainable urban development requires a whole bundle of integrated measures Different measures will need to be supported under different thematic objectives und priorities Funding programmes should mark and bundlethe necessary resources for such integrated measures
ITI – how does it work? Bundling funding from different priority axes and programmes (e.g. ERDF and ESF) For an integrated territorial/urban development strategy For a specific target area at the appropriate territorial scale e.g. at the level of neighbourhoods, cities, city-regions, metropolitan areas, rural areas, functional areas Possible delegation of the management to intermediate bodies, including local authorities „Mini-programme“ for integrated, multi-dimensional measures
Entry point for programming: Concentration on Europe 2020 objectives Thematic dimension: Smart growth Research & Innovation ICT SME Sustainable growth Low-carbon economy Resource efficiency Risk prevention Sustainable transport Inclusive growth Employment Social inclusion Combating poverty Education Integrated strategies and measures Territorial dimension: Governance mechanism: Cities and urban areas I T I Deprived urban areas and neighbourhoods City-regions, metropolitan areas Rural areas, etc.
Urban dimension: Member States should earmark at least 5% of ERDF-resources for ITI with management delegated to cities (also partly, depending on administrative structure and capacity) List of cities in Partnership Contracts and OPs For comparison (2007-2013): Urban dimension (Art. 8 ERDF regulation) not compulsory and often hardly visible ERDF-resources programmed for urban priority axes only 3% on EU average Mainly sectoral investments (esp. in new Member States) Little involvement of cities
Sustainable urban development and ITI Example: Member State A Regional ERDF OP National/sectoral ERDF OP Total allocation for ITI at least 5% of Member State’s ERDF, delegated to cities I T I ESF OP + additional resources from ESF und CF where appropriate City 3 CF OP City 1 City 2 City 3 City 20
4. Urban innovative actionsArticle 84 par. 7 CPRArticle 9 ERDF regulation (recital 9 und 12)
Urban innovative actions Up to 0.2% of the total ERDF allocation (at EU level) = ca. 370 Mio. € (2014-2020) To promote innovative and experimental approaches and solutions in the field of sustainable urban development Possible for all thematic objectives of cohesion policy For example: forward-looking and cutting-edge studies, pilot projects and demonstration projects of EU interest (innovative character, transferability)
Management of innovative actions • Direct management by the European Commission • Europe wide competition (calls for proposals) • Based on previous experiences: • Urban pilot projects (1990-1993 and 1997-1999) • Regional programmes for innovative actions (2000-2006) • Delegated act of the European Commission for selection process and implementation
5. Urban development platformArticle 14 (b) CPRArticle 8 ERDF regulation (recital 8 und 13)
Aims and conception • Promoting the practical implementation of the urban dimension in direct dialogue with cities • No project funding! • Exchange of experience and capacity building(e.g. conferences, working groups for specific issues, best practice, etc.) • Target group: • Cities managing and implementing ITI (see lists in Partnership Contracts) • Cities implementing urban innovative actions • Laboratory for new cohesion policy instruments • No overlap with URBACT, CoR, Eurocities, etc.
Local development „bottom-up“ • Based on the LEADER approach (EARDF) • Support from all 5 Funds (ERDF, ESF, CF, EARDF, EMFF) • Support for integrated local development strategies • Designed and implemented by the local community (local action groups) • Partners from public and private sector, civil society, etc. • Tasks: capacity building, calls for proposals, transparent project selection, monitoring the implementation of the strategy • Neither public sector nor any interest group to represent more than 49% of voting rights!
7. Reinforced strategic and integrated programmingArticle 11, 14, 87 CPR (recital 9, 14, 15, 21, 65)
Common Strategic Framework (CSF) • For all 5 Funds (ERDF, ESF, CF, EARDF, EMFF) • Setting out key actions to be supported by each CSF Fund • Setting out key territorial challenges (including urban) • Partnership Contracts • For all 5 Funds (ERDF, ESF, CF, EARDF, EMFF) • Setting out an integrated approach to territorial development • Arrangements for sustainable urban development (list of cities) • Operational Programmes • Setting out detailed allocations for thematic objectives (priority axes) • Setting out the contribution to the integrated approach for territorial development • Arrangements for sustainable urban development (ITI delegated to cities, list of cities) • Reinforced partnership • Need to involve local and regional authorities in the programme management