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-est. -er. Inflected Endings and Comparative Endings. -ed. -es. -ing. sit. How does the word end?. s i t. Short vowel & 1 consonant !. This is the way the end must be. See a short vowel and a consonant too, here’s the only thing to do: DOUBLE the consonant , add –ing.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

-est

-er

Inflected Endings

and

Comparative Endings

-ed

-es

-ing

slide2

sit

How does the word end?

sit

Short vowel & 1 consonant!

This is the way the end must be . . .

See a short vowel and a consonant too,

here’s the only thing to do:

DOUBLE the consonant, add –ing.

sitting

slide3

bake

How does the word end?

bake

Vowel, consonant, silent e!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Drop, drop, drop silent e,

Drop the e, add –ed.

baked

slide4

rake

How does the word end?

rake

Vowel, consonant, silent e!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Drop, drop, drop silent e,

Drop the e, add –ed.

raked

slide5

hug

How does the word end?

hug

Short vowel & 1 consonant!

This is the way the end must be . . .

See a short vowel and a consonant too,

here’s the only thing to do:

DOUBLE the consonant, add –ed.

hugged

slide6

hurry

How does the word end?

hurry

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Change the Y to an I and add –ed!

hurried

slide7

sad

How does the word end?

sad

Short vowel & 1 consonant!

This is the way the end must be . . .

See a short vowel and a consonant too,

here’s the only thing to do:

DOUBLE the consonant, add –er.

sadder

slide8

tall

How does the word end?

tall

Vowel & 2 consonants!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Just add –est.

tallest

slide9

fry

How does the word end?

fry

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Just add –ing!

frying

slide10

cry

How does the word end?

cry

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Change the Y to an I and add –es!

cries

slide11

dance

How does the word end?

dance

Vowel, consonant, silent e!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Drop, drop, drop silent e,

Drop the e, add –ed.

danced

slide12

skip

How does the word end?

skip

Short vowel & 1 consonant!

This is the way the end must be . . .

See a short vowel and a consonant too,

here’s the only thing to do:

DOUBLE the consonant, add –ing.

skipping

slide13

dry

How does the word end?

dry

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Change the Y to an I and add –ed!

dried

slide14

try

How does the word end?

try

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Change the Y to an I and add –es!

tries

slide15

reply

How does the word end?

reply

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Just add –ing!

replying

slide16

race

How does the word end?

race

Vowel, consonant, silent e!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Drop, drop, drop silent e,

Drop the e, add –ing.

racing

slide17

silly

How does the word end?

silly

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Change the Y to an I and add –est!

silliest

slide18

study

How does the word end?

study

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Change the Y to an I and add –ed!

studied

slide19

funny

How does the word end?

funny

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Change the Y to an I and add –er!

funnier

slide20

shop

How does the word end?

shop

Short vowel & 1 consonant!

This is the way the end must be . . .

See a short vowel and a consonant too,

here’s the only thing to do:

DOUBLE the consonant, add –ed.

shopped

slide21

carry

How does the word end?

carry

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Change the Y to an I and add –es!

carries

slide22

small

How does the word end?

small

Vowel & 2 consonants!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Just add –est.

smallest

slide23

stay

How does the word end?

stay

Vowel & Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Just add –ed.

stayed

slide24

say

How does the word end?

say

Vowel & Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Just add –ing!

saying

slide25

smile

How does the word end?

smile

Vowel, consonant, silent e!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Drop, drop, drop silent e,

Drop the e, add –ing.

smiling

slide26

play

How does the word end?

play

Vowel & Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Just add –ed!

played

slide27

marry

How does the word end?

marry

Consonant – Y!

This is the way the end must be . . .

Just add –ing!

marrying

slide28

fat

How does the word end?

fat

Short vowel & 1 consonant!

This is the way the end must be . . .

See a short vowel and a consonant too,

here’s the only thing to do:

DOUBLE the consonant, add –er.

fatter

inflected and comparative endings
Inflected and Comparative Endings
  • If the word has a short vowel and one consonant, double the consonant. Then add the ending. Shop = shopped
  • If the word has a short vowel with two consonants, just add the ending. Small = smallest
  • If the word has a vowel, consonant and silent e, drop the silent e. Then add the ending. Smile = smiling
  • To add –ed, -er, -es, or –est to words that end with a consonant and a Y, change the Y to an i. Then add the ending. Funny = funnier
  • To add –ing to a word that ends with a Y, just add the ending. marry = marrying
  • If the word ends with a vowel and a Y, just add the ending. Play = played

The End