Intro to shooting video. Oct. 23, 2013. Class outline. - Introduction to shooting video - Introduction to Final Cut Pro - Video news project info. Intro to video. A television (or visual) news package is an edited, cohesive news story.
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Oct. 23, 2013
- Introduction to shooting video
- Introduction to Final Cut Pro
- Video news project info
A television (or visual) news package is an edited, cohesive news story.
A package often includes most, if not all, of these elements:
- reporter voice over(s)
- A-roll and B-roll
- reporter stand-ups*
* For your third/video project, please do not use a stand-up.
- Footage where the both the visuals and original audio will be used in the news package. Example: footage of turkeys meandering in a field, gobbling.
- Includes interviews
- Footage where the natural sound typically will not be used. Other, non-original audio is placed over this footage in the editing process.
- Must be related to the audio being played.
- Used to make news packages visually stimulating. Breaks up the monotony.
A. No. 1: Shoot horizontal.
You need a lot of raw footage to produce even a short news package. Raw footage is the unedited, original visuals and original audio you record.
- Get wide, medium and close-up shots of all elements you may want to use in your package, if possible.
- Secure at least one establishing shotfor a location
- Grab at least 15 seconds for each shot. 1-mississippi, 2-mississippi
- Hold steady!
- Use a tripod or monopod.
- Be still, quiet.
- Be gluttonous in filming.
- People make everything
They say variety is the spice of life. Apply that when grabbing your footage.
Footage taken from different perspectives is more visually entertaining:
- Keeps people from getting bored
- Provides viewers with a more comprehensive view of an element
- Footage from different angles and distances can extend the time you show a given item on screen
Selecting and framing your shots
- Get a variety of shots. Scene-setters, close ups, and everything in between.
- Shoot with the light,not against it.
- Pay attention to the background.
Sequencing is a technique used to break down an activity or story into pieces that viewers can easily digest.
Uses a series of shots to explain an element in a smooth fashion.
Strategic combination of wide shots, medium shots and close ups
25 percent wide shots, 25 percent medium shots, 50 percent close ups
Panning is the term/technique for slowly moving the focus of the camera horizontal to the ground, from one side to another.
Tilting the camera refers to angling the camera up or down while recording.
Resist any urge you may feel to pan or tilt. Please don’t use that footage in your project.
Zooming in or zooming out can be done with your camera or performed manually.
But most details are better shown by using a combination of wide, medium and tight shots.
Avoid zooming while recording unless absolutely necessary.
Before you hit record, frame your interview subject:
- Keep in mind the Rule of Thirds…
-And that your source’s name is going to be superimposed on the “lower third” of the screen. (Keep that section clean.)
- Adjust your person, camera or zoom so that the interviewee’s face fills most of the screen/viewfinder (close-up). Generally speaking, show the interview subjects’ shoulders.
- Try to avoid recording the subject straight on. Move slightly to one side.
- Avoid profile shots, too.
- Keep the camera and interviewee in fixed positions during the interview.
- Don’t forget about the audio
Check the sound quality of your camera prior to recording. Practice!
Lather, rinse and repeat while on site and when recording interviews.
Beware: Recording can seem to amplify ambient sound.
Wear headphones to monitor sound quality.
Record interviews in quiet places.
When in doubt: redo!
BE A WEIRDO!!!
If an unexpected noise or visual interrupts an interviewee’s statement which you think may be useful, ask them to repeat it.
If a speaker doesn’t give you a good soundbyte or quote, rephrase the question to spur them to respond similarly, but (hopefully) in a more direct way.
Grab B-roll of sources you interview so you can edit those visuals in to long on-camera quotes.
Don’t settle for wobbly video.
If you forget a tripod, use fixed objects to help you steady your camera.
Outline your story prior to opening Final Cut Pro.
Get to know your video. Watch it through and take notes.
Prioritize identifying the specific portions of your interviews, opening and closing shots, and B-Roll you want to use.
Most edited B-roll shots are 5 seconds in length or shorter.
- Shots containing motion or action are more visually stimulating, thus are more likely to deserve being used for 5 seconds.
- Shots without motion are less visually interesting, so do not need to be displayed for as long.
Avoid putting shots of similar depth back-to-back – especially if they are of the same element.
Instead, show a sequence, such as:
- Wide shot – medium shot – close up
- Medium shot – close up – wide shot
- Close up – wide shot – medium shot
Similarly, do not use back-to-back clips of a single interviewee.
Proves that the reporter was on location
Identifies the reporter
Explains and/or simplifies a complicated process for the viewer