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Chapter 8 Review

Chapter 8 Review

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Chapter 8 Review

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  1. Chapter 8 Review

  2. #43. According to Thomas Jefferson, the primary role of the federal government does NOT include A protecting the nation from foreign threats. B delivering the mail. C collecting customs duties. D expanding domestic taxes.

  3. D expanding domestic taxes.

  4. #44 In the hotly contested election of 1800, whose supporters claimed that a Thomas Jefferson presidency would bring to America the chaos of the French Revolution? A Aaron Burr’s B John Marshall’s C John Adams’ D James Madison’s

  5. C John Adams’

  6. #45 A voter in 1800 would have cast his ballot against the Republicans for which of the following reasons? A The Republican candidate was a dangerously pro-British radical. B The Alien and Sedition Acts were obviously wrong and had to be abolished. C The Republican candidate was arguably against organized religion. D The Federalist candidate was clearly a more influential speaker.

  7. C The Republican candidate was arguably against organized religion.

  8. #46 Which of the following was a major theme of Thomas Jefferson’s inaugural address? A uniting Republicans and Federalists B increasing the size of government C improving the capital’s infrastructure D repaying the national debt

  9. A uniting Republicans and Federalists

  10. #47 Which of the following statements does NOTreflect the significance of Marbury v. Madison? A It confirmed the Supreme Court’s power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. B It established the power of judicial review. C It meant the Supreme Court had to hear every case brought before it. D It helped make the judicial branch equal to the other two branches.

  11. C It meant the Supreme Court had to hear every case brought before it.

  12. #48 The Louisiana Purchase was significant to the United States because A it nearly doubled the size of the country. B it helped the United States challenge British power in North America C it set a precedent regarding the purchase of territory without congressional approval. D it took New Orleans out of Spain’s control.

  13. A it nearly doubled the size of the country.

  14. #49 In the early 1800s, the Mississippi River was crucial to settlers in all but which of the following states? A Georgia B Kentucky C Ohio D Tennessee

  15. A Georgia

  16. #50 French leader Napoleon Bonaparte was so eager to get rid of his American territories that when America’s ambassador tried to buy New Orleans, the French offered to sell all of Louisiana for $15 million. Which of the following statements does not describes Napoleon's strategic reasoning behind this move? A France was at war with the British and thought that an expanded U.S. would humble England’s pride sooner or later. B Napoleon needed the $15 million from the sale to reinforce his military in the fight against the British, France’s greatest enemy. C A slave revolt on the island of Hispaniola had dashed Napoleon’s hopes of rebuilding France’s empire in North America, so he didn’t mind giving up the Louisiana territory. D Napoleon wanted to show that Jefferson was a hypocrite about “strict construction” by making an offer he couldn’t refuse, even without congressional approval.

  17. D Napoleon wanted to show that Jefferson was a hypocrite about “strict construction” by making an offer he couldn’t refuse, even without congressional approval.

  18. #51 The Lewis and Clark expedition was undertaken in order to explore the Louisiana Purchase, learn about the plants and animals of the West, and A provide Americans with their first accounts of the Northwest. B establish the Corps of Discovery. C form alliances with American Indian tribes D attempt to find a river route to the Pacific Ocean.

  19. D attempt to find a river route to the Pacific Ocean.

  20. #52 Which mountains presented a major obstacle to the Lewis and Clarke expedition? A the Appalachian Mountains B the Sawtooth Mountains C the Rocky Mountains D the Blue Ridge Mountains

  21. C the Rocky Mountains

  22. #53 What was the significance of Zebulon Pike’s exploration? A It provided many Americans with their first account of the Northwest B It helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s western border with New Spain C It provided a full report of Spanish spying activities in the Southwest. D It inspired mountain climbers to explore the peaks of the Cascade Range.

  23. B It helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s western border with New Spain

  24. #54 As the result of which activity did the United States find itself involved in the war between Britain and France when it broke out in 1803? A patrolling the English Channel with war ships B shipping goods and war supplies to both countries C negotiating the Louisiana Purchase D protecting escaped British sailors from impressment

  25. B shipping goods and war supplies to both countries

  26. #55 After a British navy ship targeted an American navy ship in 1807, Great Britain’s violations of U.S. neutrality resulted in the Embargo Act, which banned trade with A Britain. B France. C Europe. D all foreign countries.

  27. D all foreign countries.

  28. #56 The Embargo Act failed because A the Non-Intercourse Act limited its scope. B the Federalist Party rallied against it. C it caused American merchants to lose money and had little effect on Britain and France. D Spain replaced the loss of U.S. trade with increased trade in South America.

  29. C it caused American merchants to lose money and had little effect on Britain and France.

  30. #57 In 1810, the Governor of the Indiana Territory urged Tecumseh to follow the Treaty of Greenville, signed in 1795. What was Tecumseh’s reply? A “The white people have no right to take the land from the Indians, because the Indians had it first.” B “If we submit, the independence of the Indians is lost.” C “With the signing of that treaty and the loss of that land, I lost all hope.” D “The chief who signed the white man’s treaty signed away land that was not his. It cannot be yours.”

  31. A “The white people have no right to take the land from the Indians, because the Indians had it first.”

  32. #58 Why were U.S. officials worried by Tecumseh’s actions? A Tecumseh's actions broke the Treaty of Greenville. B Tecumseh's actions might have created an Indian confederation. C Tecumseh's actions may have been supported by the British. D Tecumseh's actions inflamed Americans.

  33. C Tecumseh's actions may have been supported by the British.

  34. #59 The first young members of Congress to call for a trade war against Britain were called A Battle Axes B Warlords C War Hawks D Redcoats

  35. C War Hawks

  36. #60 Who served as president of the United States during the War of 1812? A George Washington B John Adams C Thomas Jefferson D James Madison

  37. D James Madison

  38. #61 Which of the following does not help to explain why the U.S. declared war against Britain in 1812? A British trade restrictions hurt southern planters and western farmers B The British navy had aided the Barbary pirates in the Mediterranean C British impressments were hurting the U.S. economy. D The British had encouraged American Indians to attack settlers in the West

  39. B The British navy had aided the Barbary pirates in the Mediterranean

  40. #62 Which of the following explains why the U.S. Navy defeated the British in the War of 1812? A The U.S. Navy was larger than the British Navy. B The British Navy was more spread out than the U.S. Navy C The U.S. Navy had many new warships. D U.S. sailors were more experienced than British sailors

  41. B The British Navy was more spread out than the U.S. Navy

  42. #63 Which of the following assertions about the War of 1812 is false? A It produced intense feelings of patriotism among Americans. B It strengthened American Indian resistance to Americans. C It produced a boom in American manufacturing. D It strengthened Americans’ faith in the democratic experiment.

  43. B It strengthened American Indian resistance to Americans.

  44. #64 The document that ended the War of 1812 was called the ? A Treaty of Fort Jackson. B Treaty of Ghent. C Neutrality Proclamation. D Louisiana Purchase.

  45. B Treaty of Ghent.

  46. #65 The last major conflict of the War of 1812 was the A Battle of Baltimore B Battle of Horseshoe Bend. C Battle of New Orleans. D Battle of Tippecanoe.

  47. C Battle of New Orleans.

  48. #66 The Treaty of Fort Jackson did which of the following? A forced the Creek Indians to give up 23 million acres of land B guaranteed American protection from American Indians in the Northwest Territories C gave the U.S. control of American Indian lands along the Tallapoosa River D forced Tecumseh to give up his plan to unite American Indian nations

  49. A forced the Creek Indians to give up 23 million acres of land

  50. #67 Why did Britain’s military forces gain strength in April of 1814? A The Queen ended an expedition to South Africa and ordered the ships to the U.S. coast. B Britain defeated France and could send more troops to America. C France released British war prisoners who were soon added to the military ranks. D There was a major decline in numbers of American volunteers.