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Matter!
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  1. Matter!

  2. STATES OF MATTER • Four (+1) States of Matter • Solid • Liquid • Gas • Plasma • Bose Condensation (+1)

  3. STATES OF MATTER1. SOLIDS • Particles of solids are tightly packed, vibrating about a fixed position. • Solids have a definite shape and a definite volume.

  4. STATES OF MATTER2. LIQUID • Particles of liquids are tightly packed, but are far enough apart to slide over one another. • Liquids have an indefinite shape and a definite volume.

  5. STATES OF MATTER3. GAS • Particles of gases are very far apart and move freely. • Gases have an indefinite shape and an indefinite volume.

  6. States of Matter Label each as either diagram a liquid, solid or a gas. 1. 2. 3.

  7. STATES OF MATTER4.PLASMA • A plasma is a gas with a charge. • Good conductor of electricity. • Indefiniteshape and an indefinite volume. • Plasma is the most common state of matter in our universe.

  8. Some places where plasmas are found… 1.Flames

  9. 2. Lightning

  10. 3. Aurora (Northern Lights)

  11. The Sun is an example of a star in its plasma state

  12. STATES OF MATTER5. Bose-Einstein Condensate • At incredibly low temperatures needed atoms lose their individual identities and merge into a single blob. • AKA: a "super atom"

  13. Pure Substance • Chemically combined/bonded • Have fixed composition • Water is always H2O • 2 hydrogen and 1 oxygen • Properties that always stay the same • Pure water always freezes at 0°celsius • Sugar alwaysoccurs as a crystal

  14. Pure Substance • Elements • Made of the same type of atom • Ex: Carbon A chunk of carbon One carbon atom

  15. Pure Substance • Compounds • Made of atoms from 2 or more elements that are DIFFERENT from each other • Carbon Dioxide + + Oxygen + Carbon + Oxygen

  16. Mixtures • Physically combined. • Made of 2 or more pure substances • Kool Aid is made of water, sugar, and flavoring…all pure substances.

  17. Homogeneous Mixtures • Prefix Homo- means the same • The composition (chemical make up) of the mixture is the samethroughout. • If I take a sample at the top, it should have the same chemical make up as the bottom.

  18. Homogeneous Mixtures • Examples: • Sugar water • Cough syrup

  19. Heterogeneous Mixture • Prefix Hetero- means different • The mixture isn’t mixed well or evenly distributed. • If you let the mixture sit, it will separate out.

  20. Heterogeneous Mixture • Examples: