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Trojan War. Overview. First Nine Years of War FNYW Con. Helenus Ideas to Beat Troy Trojan Horse After War Credits End. Map of Battles The Plan of Zeus Apple of Gold Prophet of the Downfall of Troy Idea from Odysseus Menelaus’ Promise to Aphrodite

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trojan war

Trojan War

  • First Nine Years of War
  • FNYW Con.
  • Helenus Ideas to Beat Troy
  • Trojan Horse
  • After War
  • Credits
  • End
  • Map of Battles
  • The Plan of Zeus
  • Apple of Gold
  • Prophet of the Downfall of Troy
  • Idea from Odysseus
  • Menelaus’ Promise to Aphrodite
  • Paris and Helen
  • The Beginning
the plan of zeus
The Plan of Zeus
  • According to Greek mythology, Zeus had become king of the gods by overthrowing his father Cronus.
  • Zeus wasn’t faithful to his wife, Hera, and ended up having a lot of children.
  • This gave birth to cause the war of Trojan.
apple of gold
Apple of Gold
  • All of the gods were invited to Peleus and Thetis' wedding and brought gifts.
  • Except ,Eris who was stopped at the door by Hermes on Zeus' order.Insulted she threw gift of her own. It was a Golden Apple, inscribed of it was ,TēiKallistēi, To the fairest.
  • The apple was claimed by Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite. Eventually, Zeus ordered Hermes to lead the three goddesses to Paris, a prince of Troy.
  • He was being raised as a shepherd in Mount Ida. Unaware of his ancestory.
the prophet of the downfall of troy
The Prophet of the Downfall of Troy
  • The goddesses tried to bribe the shepherd.
  • Athena offered Paris wisdom, skill in battle, and the abilities of the greatest warriors.
  • Hera offered him political power and control of all of Asia.
  • Aphrodite offered him the love of the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen of Sparta.
  • Paris awarded the apple to Aphrodite, after several adventures, returned to Troy and was recognized by his family.
idea from odysseus
Idea from Odysseus
  • The most beautiful woman in the world was Helen, daughter of Tyndareus, king of Sparta. Her mother was Leda, who had been raped by Zeus in the form of a swan.
  • Helen is usually given as Zeus' daughter.
  • Helen had scores of suitors, and her father was unwilling to choose one for fear the others would retaliate violently.
  • Finally, one of the suitors, Odysseus of Ithaca, proposed a plan to solve the dilemma.
  • He suggested that Tyndareus allow Helen to choose her husband.
  • Require all of Helen's suitors to promise that they would defend the marriage of Helen, regardless of whom she chose.
  • The suitors duly swore.
  • She chose Menelaus to wed.
menelaus promise to aphrodite
Menelaus Promise to Aphrodite
  • He promised the goddess that if he won the marriage of Helen that he would sacrifice 100 oxen.
  • But he FORGOT!
  • This earned him her wrath.
  • Menelaus inherited Tyndareus' throne of Sparta with Helen as his queen when her brothers Castor and Pollux became gods.
the elopement of paris and helen
The Elopement of Paris and Helen
  • On a diplomatic mission to Sparta, Paris fell in love with Helen.
  • Menelaus had to leave for Crete, to bury his uncle Crateus.
  • Paris with Aphrodite's help, kidnapped Helen, and sailed to Troy carrying off part of Menelaus' treasure.
  • Hera, still jealous over his judgement sent a storm. The storm made the lovers land in Egypt, where the gods replaced Helen with a likeness of her made of clouds, Nephele.
the beginning
The Beginning
  • The Trojan War was waged, according to legend, against the city of Troy in Asia Minor , by the armies of the Achaeans after Paris of Troy stole Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta.
first nine years of war
First Nine Years of War
  • The first nine years of the war consisted of both war in Troy and war against the neighboring regions.
  • The Greeks realized that Troy was being supplied by its neighboring kingdoms.
  • As well as destroying Trojan economy, these battles let the Greeks gather a large amount of resources and other spoils of war, including women.
fnyw con
  • The Greeks won many important battles.
  • Trojan hero Hector fell, and the Trojan ally Penthesilea.
  • However, the Greeks could not break down the walls of Troy.
  • Patroclus was killed and, Achilles was felled by Paris.
helenus ideas to win against troy
Helenus Ideas to Win Against Troy
  • Pyrrhus, Achilles' son, fought in the war.
  • The bow and arrows of Hercules were used by the Greeks against the Trojans.
  • The remains of Pelops, the famous Eleian hero, were brought to Troy.
  • The Palladium, a statue of Athena, was stolen from Troy
  • These were all done some way or another.
the trojan horse
The Trojan Horse
  • Still seeking to gain entrance into Troy, clever Odysseus, ordered a large wooden horse to be built. Its insides were to be hollow so that soldiers could hide within it.
  • Built by the artist Epeius.
  • Trojans celebrated what they thought was their victory, and dragged the wooden horse into Troy.
  • After most of Troy was asleep or in a drunken state, Sinon let the Greek warriors out from the horse, and slaughtered the Trojans.
after the war
After the War
  • After the war, Polyxena, daughter of Priam, and Astyanax, son of Hector, was sacrificed at the tomb of Achilles signifying the end of the war.
  • The surviving Trojan women were divided among the Greek men along with the other needs/ wants.
  • The Greeks then set sail for home, which proved as difficult and took as much time as the Trojan War itself.