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Session V Manure Management Alternative Uses of Manure Other Than Land Application December 9, 2004 Hank Zygmunt zygmunt PowerPoint Presentation
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Session V Manure Management Alternative Uses of Manure Other Than Land Application December 9, 2004 Hank Zygmunt zygmunt.hank@epa.gov US EPA Current Trends in the Livestock Industry Increase in the number of animals per facility Integration and concentration

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Session VManure ManagementAlternative Uses of Manure Other Than Land ApplicationDecember 9, 2004Hank Zygmuntzygmunt.hank@epa.govUS EPA

current trends in the livestock industry
Current Trends in the Livestock Industry
  • Increase in the number of animals per facility
  • Integration and concentration
  • Geographic separation of animal production and feed production
  • Concentration of manure in fewer watersheds
impetus for alternative technologies
Impetus for Alternative Technologies
  • Excess Manure Nutrients
  • Limited Amount of Land
  • Concentration of AFOs
  • Water Quality and Public Health Impacts
  • TMDLs
  • CAFO regulations (EPA and State)
  • Energy Opportunities
  • Other Uses and Market Development
  • Tax Credits
alternatives include
Alternatives include…..
  • Conversion to Value-Added Products
  • Conversion and Use as an Energy Source
  • Innovative and Emerging Technologies
conversion to value added products
Conversion to Value-Added Products

Composting

Pelletizing

Livestock Feed Additive

conversion and use as an energy source
Conversion and Use as an Energy Source

Anaerobic Digestion

Cofiring

Gasification/Methanol Production

emerging innovative technologies uses
Emerging/Innovative Technologies/Uses
  • Mushroom Cultivation
  • Soil Reclamation-Brownfields and Coal Mine Reclamation
  • Other Uses
    • Algae Production
    • Aquaculture
    • Building Material
region 3 states
Region 3 States
  • PA: Energy Harvest Grants, Growing Greener Grants, Ag Star Program
  • DE: Perdue-AgriRecycle Pellitizing Plant, Transport of Litter to Mushroom Industry
  • MD: Transport of Manure/Litter to Mushroom Industry
  • WV: Viable Litter Transport Hotline
  • VA: Harmony Granular Pellitizing Plant Shut Down
recipe for success
Recipe for Success
  • Public perception/awareness/support
  • Planning and Selection of technology
  • Pencil: $$ in and return
  • Policies and Programs
  • Grants & Loans are available- USDA, DOE, EPA & State …to help industry.
summary
Summary
  • Nutrient imbalance exist in many watersheds
  • Amount of land for application is decreasing
  • Regulations are requiring less application of nutrients to meet WQ goals
  • Some alternatives are available - How Can We Advance More?
  • Sustainablility of livestock and poultry industry