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From Anecdote to Evidence Dr H Mowat Connecting what chaplains do with how chaplains can do research Story Reflective Practice Practitioner Researcher In Summary Story is a main method of the healthcare chaplain Story is complex and presented in a variety of ways

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from anecdote to evidence

From Anecdote to Evidence

Dr H Mowat

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

connecting what chaplains do with how chaplains can do research

Connecting what chaplains do with how chaplains can do research

Story

Reflective Practice

Practitioner Researcher

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

in summary
In Summary
  • Story is a main method of the healthcare chaplain
  • Story is complex and presented in a variety of ways
  • Working with story is a convertible skill
  • Research questions come out of story telling
  • Research is a cyclical process
  • The chaplain is a practitioner researcher utilising transferrable skills from practice to research.

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

the research imperative

The research imperative

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

like it or not ready or not all clinical healthcare chaplains have a four fold moral imperative
Like it or not, ready or not, all clinical (healthcare) chaplains have a four fold moral imperative:

To stay abreast of religious and pastoral (and spiritual) research findings

To test those findings in the cause of improving the quality of care

To further examine their practices

To share what they discover(Gleason 2004)

5

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

what is spiritual care and how can we say what chaplains do

What is spiritual care and how can we say what chaplains do

What is the healthcare chaplains research field?

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

using story
Using story
  • Story is information delivery
  • Story is negotiation and interpretation
  • Story is transformative action

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

story is evidence

Story is evidence

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

how do chaplains use story in their work
How do chaplains use story in their work
  • Story telling and listening……. refound
    • Narrative based medicine - Greenhalgh
    • Illness stories - Frank
    • Mystery and wonder - Swinton
    • Grief and story telling - Walters

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

slide10

“The truth of stories is not only what was experienced but equally what becomes experience in the telling and its reception”

A Frank

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

slide11

Upholding the patient narrative in palliative care: the role of the healthcare chaplain in the multidisciplinary team

A report by

Dr H Mowat : Mowat Research Ltd

Rev S Coates:

2010

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

anecdote to research
Anecdote to research
  • A practical problem turns into a research question
  • Use of social science methods
  • Use of reflection as a method of analysis

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

findings
Findings
  • Chaplains are part of the story
  • Different stories have different functions

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

different stories

Different stories

Restitution

Chaos

Quest

Arthur Frank

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

slide15

Types of story reported in the study

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

being part of the story
Being part of the story
  • Henri Nouwen talks about being a host. Open up your own space, home or heart or time and if you do that genuinely to another person then for a moment then they become one with you. Then it is the stranger who comes in to your midst. They change, you change. I'm convinced that chaplains offer their work out of their own story and experience and its how that blends with the family and the language of life - we don't specifically use the language of faith. We use the language of life, about dignity, commitment, hope and esteem, helplessness. Nothing evidently religious about it, for me sharing language of humanity you find the depth of God in these moments,.

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

no particularly spiritual stories but
No particularly spiritual stories but..
  • Stories are contextual..they may go on to their spiritual story or they may go into their disease story. It may well be ..linked is ..it is sometimes the existential struggle. Sometimes I think that it is a different story that is told to me than the nurses or doctors. Things of transference and countertransference. Their investment in me as chaplain, representative of God... might be a lot of feeling in that existential story. Might come early on as part of the testing. (The patient is thinking..)Will this guy let me be angry and angry at what he represents.

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

preparatory stories
Preparatory stories
  • Depending on who it is – with a stranger there is the embarrassing transitional phase of trivia. It is all about generating the aura of spiritual hospitality. There is the guest and the host. When you feel at home you can disclose….
  • Superficial type of stories, introductory, surface level story, passing the time of day story all these play a huge role in establishing trust. Lets see if I want to share this with this person called a spiritual carer. Is this person aware of ordinary life. (stories general)

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

institutional stories
“Institutional” stories
  • . Lots of layers to that (The institutional story). Identifying that I’m part of the team here. I have a role. It gives someone like me credibility. ..High standards of care, interested in whole care. …….The other institutional story is their church story or their relation to church or religion. They may reveal something of their past experience or their rejection of it. Very quickly they might say they are not interested and identify hurt that they have carried. And again where do I sit , for some it will be important whether I’m a minister. Its them trying to place me in that.

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

post death story
Post death story
  • The funeral ritual evolves out of stories, out of John’s story as told by the family and my interpretation of all of that. It will also evolve out of my story. Its their funeral and it will start from using their language and their belief system. I will explicitly explore their believe system. Unless people give me cues about beliefs I certainly believe that spiritual care is person centred. With the funeral it means there are certain things that I will raise within the context of that conversation. They may not answer straight away. They may say “we are not religious” but as we talk it through we might find that there are some family religious traditions,. ...do they want me to hand their Dad over to God’s loving care overtly at the committal or not.

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

post death stories
Post Death Stories
  • They go into a secondary vault! Out of the main filing cabinet. These stories sometime come to the surface in chance encounters with the bereaved. The acknowledgement of the story is very important to these people in these encounters. …………..There is also the more formal bereavement group encounters where some of the story can be told as a comfort or confirmation of wishes or character of the diseased.It can be a great comfort to the relatives to know that the diseased gave particular aspects of their story a good airing.

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

how does this link to doing research

How does this link to doing research?

Reflection

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

the context why now
The context: why now?
  • Rise in interest in spirituality
  • Post modern angst
  • Health and social care systems that are struggling to cope
  • Policy related to diversity and equality includes reference to faith and spirituality
  • Search for meaning
  • Challenges ideas about evidence – becoming broader
  • Interest in narrative as part of process of care
  • Growing Research Base
  • Multicultural experiences and influences

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

research and healthcare chaplaincy
Research and healthcare chaplaincy
  • Are we saying that spiritual care is important to wellbeing and managing illhealth
  • Are we saying that healthcare chaplaincy can provide spiritual care?
  • How can we prove it – where is the evidence?
  • What constitutes proof?

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

in story

In story

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

research can be a journey
Research can be a Journey
  • Story Telling/listening
  • Story Recording
  • Questions
  • Supervision
  • Reflection
  • Are all part of the research process

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

slide27

Research

Proposals

Questions

Recorded and themed structured reflection

Research

Questions

Personal

Reflection

Structured group reflection

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

slide28
The research task is to gather evidence

The research problem is to decide what evidence is

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

health service research is political

Health Service Research is political

Context and background to research agendas

Popular “relevant” topics

Funding streams

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

the practitioner researcher

The practitioner – researcher

Chaplaincy as practical theology

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

practical theology and action research as health care chaplaincy research method

Practical Theology and action research as health care chaplaincy research method

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

slide32

Chapter 3 : Page 95 Practical Theology and Qualitative Research Methods: Swinton and Mowat 2006

3. Theological Critical

Reflection

4. Formulating

Revised Practice

2. Cultural and

Contextual Data

Collection and Analysis

  • Current Praxis

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

complexification leads to clarity

Complexification leads to clarity

Through reflection

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

a reflective cycle
A reflective cycle
  • Focus - What is the situation you want to think about -
  • Background – what is your existing understanding of the situation
  • Surprise – what brought you up short about the situation
  • Meaning and insights – what can you learn from this through discussion
  • Application – what will you now do differently/what have you learnt

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

participatory action research
Participatory Action Research
  • Action Research as worship
  • Reflective cycle
  • Researcher practitioner

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010

in summary36
In Summary
  • Story is a main method of the healthcare chaplain
  • Story is complex and presented in a variety of ways
  • Working with story is a convertible skill
  • Research questions come out of story telling
  • Research is a cyclical process
  • The chaplain is a practitioner researcher utlising transferrable skills from practice to research.

Mowat Research AHPCC May 2010