Often when a person is faced with something they feel threatened by they react with fear or aggression. Think about a time when you felt like you were being attacked mentally or physically and you reacted with fear or aggression. Take a minute write down what happened, how you felt, and how you reacted. Following WWI, the people and government of the United States faced new developments in the world that caused them to react with fear and aggression.Bell Ringer
Roaring Twenties – Stock Market Crash
Boston, MA, May 14, 1920
My best judgment of America's needs is to steady down, to get squarely on our feet, to make sure of the right path. Let's get out of the fevered delirium of war,. . . . Let us stop to consider that tranquility at home is more precious than peace abroad, and that both our good fortune and our eminence are dependent on the normal forward stride of all the American people. ...
Could the nation return to what life was before the United States’ involvement in WWI?
Let’s take a look at the United States in 1919 …Return to Normalcy?
“My Fellow Countrymen: the armistice was signed this morning…. It will now be our fortunate duty to assist by example, by sobering friendly counsel, and by material aid in the establishment of just democracy throughout the world.”
We would not have our politics distracted and embittered by the dissensions of other lands. We would not have our country’s vigor exhausted, or her moral force abated, by everlasting meddling and muddling in every quarrel which afflicts the world.”Foreign Policy
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. (R-MA)
Returning soldiers faced unemployment or took their old jobs away from women and minorities.
Nothing is too good for you, my boy! What would you like?
“The nation went on thinking with a mind of a people at war. They had learned during the preceding nineteen months to strike down the thing they hated; not to argue or hesitate, but to strike. Germany had been struck down, but it seemed that there was another danger on the horizon. Bolshevism was spreading from Russia through Europe; Bolshevism might spread to the United States. They struck at it – or at what they thought was it.”
- Frederick Lewis Allen
Only YesterdayFear of Communism
A Series of bombs being sent to government and business leaders increased fears of the spread of communism.
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer’s residence was bombedThe Red Scare
Hunted down suspected Communists, socialists, anarchistsPalmer Raids
Nativism – Favoring the interests of native-born people over foreign-born people
Quota System – maximum number of people who could enter the US from each country
During WWI the government did not allow strikes and unions promised to adhere to this policy in support of our nation at war.
Much of the workforce were immigrants willing to work in poor conditions
Immigrants spoke many different languages making it difficult to organize
Migrating farmers used to hard work
Most unions excluded African Americans
Connected publicly to CommunistsLabor Loses Appeal
Italian immigrants and anarchists tried for the robbery and murder of a factory paymaster in South Braintree (Boston)Sacco & Vanzetti
Why did Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer launch a series of raids against suspected Communists?
He believed Communists wanted to overthrow the government and ruin our economy. He also may have hoped to ride the wave of public support all the way to the White House.
Communism – Economic and Political system based on a single-party led by a dictatorship
Bolshevism – Majority, Worker – Name attributed to the communist revolution in that it was a “worker’s revolution.”
Arbitrator - a person chosen to decide a dispute or settle differences
Anarchist – one who believes in no established government