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PROMOTING BEHAVIORAL HEALTH STRATEGIES FOR HBCUs AND COMMUNITIES Pamela S. Hyde, J.D. SAMHSA Administrator 2011 Dr. Lonnie E. Mitchell HBCU Behavioral Health Policy Academy Birmingham, AL • March 14, 2011
BEHAVIORAL HEALTH IMPACT ON TODAY’S STUDENTS ENTERING TOMORROW’S WORKFORCE THE ECONOMY: Annually - total estimated societal cost of substance abuse in the U.S. is $510.8 billion Total economic costs of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders among youth ~ $247 billion HEALTH CARE: By 2020, BH conditions will surpass all physical diseases as a major cause of disability worldwide Half of all lifetime cases of M/SUDs begin by age 14 and three-fourths by age 24 CRIMINAL JUSTICE: >80 percent of State prisoners, 72 percent of Federal prisoners, and 82 percent of jail inmates meet criteria for having either mental health or substance use problems 3
SCHOOLS: ~12 to 22 percent of all young people under age 18 in need of services for mental, emotional, or behavioral problems COLLEGES: Prevalence of serious mental health conditions among 18 to 25 year olds is almost double that of general population Young people have lowest rate of help-seeking behaviors CHILD WELFARE: Between 50 and 80 percent of all child abuse and neglect cases involve some degree of substance misuse by a parent Childhood traumas/difficulties potentially explain 32.4 percent of psychiatric disorders in adulthood HOMELESSNESS: ~ two-thirds of homeless people in U.S. have co-occurring M/SUDs BEHAVIORAL HEALTH IMPACT ON TODAY’S STUDENTS ENTERING TOMORROW’S WORKFORCE 4
PREPARING TO ENTER WORKFORCE DURING TIME OF CHANGE Budget constraints, cuts and realignments Economic challenges like never before No system in place to move innovative practices and systems change efforts that promote recovery to scale Science has evolved Integrated care requires new thinking about recovery, wellness, and the related practices and roles of peers in responding to whole health needs New opportunities for behavioral health (Parity/Health Reform/Tribal Law and Order Act) 5
CONTEXT FOR CHANGE Health Reform 6
SAMHSA’s Theory of Change 7 Surveillance and Evaluation
SAMHSA LEADING CHANGE 8 • Mission: To reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America’s communities • Roles: • Leadership and Voice • Funding - Service Capacity Development • Information/Communications • Regulation and Standard setting • Practice Improvement • Leading Change – 8 Strategic Initiatives
HBCUs LEADING CHANGE 80 percent of HBCUs sustained activities seeded through mini-grants beyond Federal funding 64 percent reported ↑ in involvement with MH initiatives on campus 85 percent reported ↑ collaboration on MH issues 79 percent reported ↑ in delivery of MH services to students 74 percent of HBCU-CFE internships completed in local and community- based organizations providing SA treatment services ↑ in new field practicum placement sites and employment opportunities for interns Since 2008: 145⁺ HBCU students participated in direct SA treatment workforce development internship programs and activities around health promotion, community acceptance and workforce development 9
SAMHSA STRATEGIC INITIATIVES Prevention Trauma and Justice Military Families Recovery Support Health Reform Health Information Technology Data, Outcomes & Quality Public Awareness & Support 10
SAMHSA STRATEGIC INITIATIVES THREE COMMON ISSUES Behavioral health disparities Health reform Workforce development 11
Racial and ethnic groups Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) individuals People with disabilities Girls and transition-age youth 1. BEHAVIORAL HEALTH DISPARITIES 12
AI/AN communities – elevated levels of SUDs and higher suicide rates than general population Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander youth – among highest rates of illicit drug use and underage drinking African Americans – among highest unmet needs for treatment of depression and other MH disorders African Americans – ~13 percent U.S. population yet ~ half (49 percent) of people who get HIV and AIDS LGBT population – elevated rates of tobacco use Latina youth – highest rates of suicide attempts Adolescent youth in general showing increase in binge drinking BEHAVIORAL HEALTH DISPARITIES 13
2. HEALTH REFORMAFFORDABLE CARE ACT & MHPAEA (PARITY) 14 • Increases access to health and behavioral health care • Grows America’s health and behavioral health workforce • Reduces physical and behavioral health disparities experienced by low-income Americans, racial and ethnic minorities, and other underserved populations • Implements the science of behavioral health promotion and of prevention, treatment, and recovery support services
HEALTH REFORM IMPACT OF AFFORDABLE CARE ACT More people will have insurance coverage ↑Demand for qualified and well-trained BH professionals Medicaid will play a bigger role in M/SUDs Focus on primary care & coordination with specialty care Major emphasis on home & community-based services; less reliance on institutional care Theme: preventing diseases & promoting wellness Focus on quality rather than quantity of care 15
3. WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT Worker shortages Inadequately and inconsistently trained workers Education and training programs not reflecting current research base Inadequate compensation High levels of turnover Poorly defined career pathways Difficulties recruiting people to field – esp., from minority communities 16
UNDER REPRESENTATION MINORITIES IN BEHAVIORAL HEALTH WORKFORCE Minorities make up ~30 percent of U.S. population yet only account for: 24.3 percent all psychiatrists 5.3 percent all psychologists 14.9 percent all social workers 20 percent all counselors 8.5 percent all marriage and family therapists 4.9 percent all school psychologists 9.8 percent all psychiatric nurses 17
UNIQUE POSITION COLLEGE STUDENTS TARGET OF PREVENTION INITIATIVES WHILE LEARNING BH FIELD Reduced perception of harm Increasing rates of illicit drug use and prescription drug misuse >half (55.9 percent) of youth and adults who use prescription pain relievers non-medically got them from a friend or relative for free ~5,000 deaths each year attributable to underage drinking Adults who begin drinking alcohol before age 21 more likely to have alcohol dependence or abuse than those who had their first drink after age 21 >34,000 suicides occurred in the U.S. in 2007; 100 suicides per day; one suicide every 15 minutes ~30 percent of deaths by suicide involved alcohol intoxication – BAC at or above legal limit 18
STRATEGIC INITIATIVE PREVENTION 19 • Prevent Substance Abuse and Mental Illness (Including Tobacco) and Build Emotional Health • Prevention Prepared Communities (PPCs) • Suicide • Underage Drinking/Alcohol Polices • Prescription Drug Abuse
People Stay focused on the goal Partnership Cannot do it alone Performance Make a measurable difference SAMHSA PRINCIPLES 21