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Nuclear Safety Seminar in Warsaw. Nuclear Inspection in Finland and Sweden. Inspecta Group briefly. History. Parts of Inspecta have r oots in public organisations and companies Tradition of integrity, high quality focus and expertise

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nuclear safety seminar in warsaw
Nuclear Safety Seminar in Warsaw

Nuclear Inspection in Finland and Sweden

inspecta group briefly
Inspecta Group briefly

History

  • Parts of Inspecta have roots in public organisations and companies
  • Tradition of integrity, high quality focus and expertise
  • Past five years show growth both organically and through acquisitions in Scandinavia and Baltic States

Inspecta Denmark,

Inspecta

Lithuania

Finnish State founded the Technical Inspection Centre

Deregulation, Sweden

Reorganisation, Finland

Inspecta

Latvia

Inspecta Estonia

Privatisation

Sweden formed the National Test Facility (SA)

Deregulation, Finland

Inspecta

Inspecta

Sweden

Inspecta Norway

1975

1977

1995

1998

2002

2005

2006

2007

2009

2010

inspecta group
Inspecta Group

Locations

  • Sweden
  • FalunGävleMölndal, GöteborgJönköpingKarlstadKirunaLuleåMalmöMörrumNorrköpingOskarshamnSkellefteåSkövdeStockholmSundsvallTäbyUddevallaUmeå
  • VänersborgVästeråsVäxjöÖrebroÖrnsköldsvikÖstersund
  • Lithuania
  • Vilnius

Norway

Arendal

Bergen

Florø

KongsbergKristiansand

MongstadMosjøen

Sandnessjøen

Sarpsborg

Stavanger

Stokke

Ågotnes

Ålesund

Denmark

Nørre Nebel

Copenhagen

Aalborg

Hadsten

Kolding

Odense

Ringsted

LatviaJelgavaLiepajaRigaVentspils

FinlandEspooHelsinkiHarjavaltaHämeenlinnaJoensuuJyväskyläKeminmaaKotkaKouvolaKuopioLahtiLappeenrantaOlkiluotoOuluPietarsaariPoriRaaheRauma

RovaniemiSeinäjokiTampereTurkuVaasa

VantaaVarkausYlivieska

EstoniaTallinn

inspecta group4
Inspecta Group

Figures

  • More than 1,200 employees
  • More than 75,000 customers
  • More than 400,000 inspections annually
  • Annual turnover of EUR 137 million
npp licensing process in finland
NPP licensing process in Finland

Building a nuclear power plant unit is a lengthy process, even excluding the license procedures that precede the actual construction. On the whole, it takes about ten years from a Government Resolution to the beginning of production of electricity.

This is Inspecta

nuclear power plants in nordic countries
Nuclear Power Plants in

Nordic Countries

  • Finland
  • Loviisa, 2 reactors
  • VVER 1977 and 1981
  • PWR 490 MW
  • Olkiluoto, 2 reactors, 3rd under construction
  • ASEA 1979, 1982; Areva 2013 (est.)
  • BWR 840 MW, PWR 1600 MW
  • Decision in principle for 4th reactor
  • Simo or Pyhäjoki
  • Decision in principle for one reactor
  • Sweden
  • Forsmark, 3 reactors
  • ASEA 1980, 1981, 1985
  • BWR 2 x1014 and 1190 MW
  • Oskarshamn, 3 reactors
  • ASEA 1972, 1975, 1985
  • BWR 487, 623 and 1197 MW
  • Ringhals, 4 reactors
  • ASEA 1976, Westinghouse 1975, 1981, 1983
  • BWR 880 MW, PWR 870, 1010 and 915 MW
  • Barsebäck, 2 reactors (closed 2005)
  • ASEA 1975, 1977
  • BWR 2 x 615 MW

Simo

Pyhäjoki

Olkiluoto

Loviisa

Forsmark

Helsinki

Tallinn

Sosnovyi

Bor

Ringhals

Oskarshamn

Copenhagen

Barsebäck

nuclear safety authorities in finland and sweden
Nuclear safety authorities in Finland and Sweden

Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SKI)

  • A public agency reporting to the Ministry of Environment
  • 250 employees
  • Supervising authority
  • When the Swedish NPPs were built another public authority (SA) carried out inspections
  • Today SKI delegates inspection tasks to competent inspection bodies in all safety classes 1 – 4

Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK)

  • Part of administrative sector in the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health
  • Founded in 1958
  • Nuclear safety tasks in 1968
  • 370 employees
  • Supervising authority
  • Inspection authority
  • Has delegated inspection tasks to competent inspection bodies in safety classes 3 and 4 (OL3)

This is Inspecta

standards and regulations in finnish npps
Standards and regulations in Finnish NPPs
  • In old NPPs design code was ASME completed with YVL instructions from STUK
  • In-service inspections are carried out according to ASME
  • NDT qualifications according to EN 473 completed with additional nuclear qualification
  • In the Olkiluoto 3 project design is done according to European directives (e.g. Pressure Equipment Directive) and standards completed with European Utility Requirements (EUR)
  • Top level regulations from YVL instructions from STUK
  • Responsibility stays always with the licensee (power company)
    • The licensee shall apply for approval from STUK for inspection and testing companies and maintain the approvals
    • The licensee cannot transfer its responsibilities to others

This is Inspecta

olkiluoto 3 project in finland
Olkiluoto 3 project in Finland

Difficulties

  • Unrealistic timetable
  • Unreadiness to start the project
  • Lack of key competensies in turn-key project
  • Local circumstances (weather)
  • World wide shortage of qualified manufacturers
  • Very fragmented subcontractor network
  • Ignorance of the Finnish regulations
  • Questionable safety culture
  • Vendor and power company have dispute in scale of € 2 – 3 billion

Facts

  • Power company TVO
  • Approval from the Parliament in May 2002
  • First NPP construction project in Europe in 30 years
  • Main contractor, the joint venture of Areva and Siemens was chosen in December 2003
  • New reactor type EPR 1600
  • Turn-key project
  • Construction permit in February 2005
  • First planned start of operation in 2009
  • Estimated start of operation in 2013
  • Planned total price € 3,2 billion
  • Estimated total price € 4,7 billion

This is Inspecta

conclusions
Conclusions
  • If NPPs would be constructed continuously in many countries the necessary experience, safety culture and resources could be maintained more easily
  • Then a fairly light inspection authority structure would be sufficient
  • In the present situation it has been extremely important to have a enough powerful regulating authority in place when building a new plant after long pause
    • Keeping the contracting parties in order
    • Giving neutral statements to the public
    • Interfering with high level problems like safety culture
  • When NPP construction in Poland begins the numerous Polish welders and other professionals that are now employed by the OL3 project will be a valuable resource
slide13

Russia is building a cash machine

out of nuclear power

Europa:

Ja till

kärnkraft

Europa:

Nej till

kärnkraft

Ryssland

blir ännu rikare

genom att

sälja el

Sibi lär Europa

Energipriser

går upp

Ryssland

blir rik med

inkomster

från olja och gas

Ryssland

investerar

till kärnkraft

”ENERGIA” magazine 6 / 2006