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First annual FLAG/YouGov State of American Patriotism report details alarming anti-Americanism and ignorance of basic civics, especially among Millennials & Gen Z

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patriotism study

Patriotism Study

Prepared For FLAG

November, 2018

methodology

Methodology

Research Objectives – Why Research was Conducted

The survey was conducted to reach the following topical goals:

1.

2.

3.

Are younger Americans less patriotic than older Americans? Do they harbor more negative views about America than their parents and grandparents?

What knowledge gaps do Americans have about basic American historical information?

Do Americans see college as a measure of success?

Online surveys

conducted

10/23– 10/29

Research Methodology – How We Designed the

Research

A sample of 1,078 Americans were contacted, including 100 Americans ages 14-17 and 107 Americans

age 18-21. Responses were balanced for generation, gender, and census regions.

Interview Length

7 minutes

2

could there be a crisis

Could there be a crisis?

Fading American Spirit

Younger Americans are becoming unmoored from the institutions, knowledge, and the American spirit that

keeps America great. Americans ages 14-37 are less likely to consider themselves American patriots, less likely

to aspire to entrepreneurship, and less aware of the inalienable rights enshrined in the Constitution.

Is American Patriotism

at risk?

We found a less patriotic generation, as younger Americans are half as likely to consider themselves

American patriots, half as likely to think America has a history to be proud of, and three-quarters as likely to

feel America is and will remain great. Pride in being an American is low for Gen Z, but especially low for

Millennials, only 72 percent of whom are proud to be an American.

We found a generation with less faith In Americans’ Rights, as younger Americans are less convinced that

Americans should have the right to own guns. Additionally, these young Americans are less likely to know the

rights enumerated in the amendments of the bill of rights, including the rights of the 1stthrough 5th

Amendment.

Are American rights in

jeopardy?

We found a generation less familiar with American History, as younger Americans are about half as likely to

know which presidents are on Mount Rushmore, and more likely to think Barack Obama has had a greater

impact than George Washington compared to older generations.

Will we forget our

American history?

We found a less entrepreneurial generation, as younger Americans are less convinced America should be a

capitalist nation, with only about half of Gen Z and Millennials agreeing that the nation should be driven by

capitalism, and a little more than half preferring to be an entrepreneur to a college graduate compared to at

least 65 percent for Gen X and older.

Younger Americans are a prime audience for FLAG’s mission of education on American history in order to

preserve the spirit of American greatness, and FLAG’s mission is more important than ever.

Will we lose our

entrepreneurial spirit?

3

key statistics

Key Statistics

“1 in 3 Americans don’t

think the public display

of a tattered American

flag is disrespectful”

“4 in 10 Americans think

that America will not be

a great country in the

future”

“1 in 4 Americans don’t

think America is a

great country today”

“Only 1 in 6 Americans

could identify the

rights that are

protected by the

first amendment”

“1 in 3 Americans think

it’s okay to burn the

American flag.”

“3 in 10 Americans don’t

consider themselves to

be an American Patriot”

“1 in 10 Americans

admitted that they

didn’t know anything

about the Bill of Rights”

“2 in 3 Americans under

the age of 37 think

America is headed in

the wrong direction”

“1 in 6 Americans don’t

think Patriotism is a good

thing”

4

survey results

Survey Results

A detailed look at the story of American Patriotism in decline

5

patriotism or lack thereof

Patriotism, or lack thereof?

State of the Country

Half of Americans agree that America is both a racist and sexist country

Nearly half of younger Americans (under 37) disagree that America is the greatest country in the world

Nearly 6 in 10 Americans disagree that America is headed in the right direction

4 in 10 younger Americans (under 37) disagree that America has a history that we should be proud of

State of the Flag

2 in 10 Millennials see the American flag as a sign of intolerance and hatred, and 4 in 10 believe it is ok to burn the

American flag

3 in 10 Americans disagree with the statement I enjoy seeing the American flag displayed in my community on

Independence Day

1 in 2 Americans disagree that displaying a tattered or worn flag is disrespectful

Over half of Americans disagree with the statement people should always salute the American flag at a sporting

event

6

some americans lack patriotism

Some Americans Lack Patriotism

While most Americans enjoy seeing the flag displayed, 1 in 8 are opposed to seeing it and 2 in 5

don’t think Americans should always salute the flag.

How They Feel About Patriotism

I enjoy seeing the American flag displayed in my community on Independence

Day (July 4th)

4%

8%

35%

53%

Publicly displaying tattered or worn American flags is disrespectful

9%

26%

42%

24%

People should always salute the American flag at a sporting event

15%

27%

30%

29%

It is ok to burn the American flag

50%

21%

18%

11%

I think poorly of my neighbors who do not fly an American flag

44%

43%

10%

3%

I believe the American flag is a sign of intolerance and hatred

60%

29%

8%

3%

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly Agree

7

Which of the following statements about the American flag do you agree with? (Select one per row)

americans do not necessarily feel american

Americans Do Not Necessarily Feel American Greatness

Nearly half of Americans think America is a racist or sexist country.

Their Views Of America And American Patriotism

Patriotism is a good thing

3%

14%

44%

39%

I am proud to be an American

3%

14%

36%

46%

The world is safer when America is strongest

4%

17%

41%

38%

Citizens should be allowed to own guns

9%

15%

38%

38%

America has a history that we should be proud of

7%

21%

41%

31%

I consider myself to be an American Patriot

7%

22%

38%

33%

America is the greatest country in the world

11%

23%

33%

34%

I'm confident I could start my own business

12%

26%

43%

20%

America is a sexist country

21%

29%

35%

15%

America is a racist country

23%

28%

35%

14%

America is headed in the right direction

23%

33%

26%

18%

America is more racist than other countries

27%

35%

29%

9%

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly Agree

8

Which of the following statements about America do you agree with? (Select one per row)

serious knowledge gap

Serious Knowledge Gap

State of American History Knowledge

8 in 10 of Americans failed the FLAG’s American Patriotic History Quiz

Less than 1 in 4 Americans know who authored the Federalist Papers

8 in 10 Americans cannot name the 5 freedoms guaranteed under the 1stamendment

6 in 10 younger Americans (under 37) did not know who was on Mt. Rushmore

Less than half of respondents knew how many amendments were in the bill of rights, and that number dips

to 2 out of 5 for Millennials

The number of people who could correctly identify the 5 freedoms protected under the first amendment was

also very low

When asked about the first 5 amendments, respondents were clear on the first two, but fell to a little over

half of all respondents knowing the rights of amendments 3, 4, and 5

9

overall american history awareness

Overall American History Awareness

Only 1 in 6 Americans can pass FLAG’s American Patriotic History Quiz.

Can They Pass A Quiz On Basic American Knowledge?

Pass (More

Than 3

Correct), 17%

Fail (Less Than 3

Correct), 83%

10

*Based on 5 questions

elements of the american history quiz

Elements Of The American History Quiz

Americans are more aware of who is on Mount Rushmore than all five rights in the First Amendment.

Which Elements Of American History Are They Familiar With?

When Are They Correct?

56%

45%

23%

16%

Amendments In Bill Of Rights

Authors Of Federalist Papers

First Amendment Rights

Figures On Mount Rushmore

Correctly Sorting Rights Of The First Five Amendments

1st Amendment

85%

15%

2nd Amendment

81%

19%

3rd Amendment

54%

46%

4th Amendment

59%

41%

5th Amendment

55%

45%

How many amendments are in the Bill of Rights?

Which of the following men were the authors of the Federalist Papers?

Which of the following men are featured on Mount Rushmore?

Which of the following are the rights protected in the First Amendment?

For each of the following Amendments to the Constitution, please drag into each bucket the correct rights associated with each Amendment.

11

what s the deal with millennials

What’s the deal with Millennials?

Attitudes of the Youth Generation

Millennials lack patriotism in that nearly 1 in 5 Millennials see the American flag as a sign of

intolerance and hatred

4 in 10 Millennials believe it is ok to burn the American flag

1 in 2 Millennials state that America will not be great in the future, and across all generations

Millennials have the lowest level of agreement with the statement “I’m proud to be an

American.”

Millennials are the generation most likely to believe America is racist and sexist

12

lacking patriotic conviction younger respondents

Lacking Patriotic Conviction…

Younger respondents identify less as patriotic Americans.

Patriotic Feelings

Young Gen Z

Older Gen Z

Millennials

Gen X

Boomers

Silent

94%

93%

89%

81%

71%

49%

Consider myself an American patriot

Patriotism is a good thing

Proud to be American

Difference From

Young Gen Z To Silent

-40%

-22%

-13%

13

underestimating american greatness younger

Underestimating American Greatness…

Younger respondents are more likely to think negatively of America’s history and place in the

world.

American Greatness

Young Gen Z

Older Gen Z

Millennials

Gen X

Boomers

Silent

94%

92%

86%

66%

64%

54%

51%

48%

America was, is, and will be great

America is greatest country is the

world

America has a history to be proud of

World is safer when America is

strongest

-16%

-35%

-40%

-26%

Difference From

Young Gen Z To Silent

14

different values younger respondents have

Different Values…

Younger respondents have different values on guns and kneeling athletes than older

generations.

Ideas And Beliefs

Young Gen Z

Older Gen Z

Millennials

Gen X

Boomers

Silent

89%

69%

66%

62%

51%

34%

George Washington has had more impact than

Barack Obama

-18%

Difference From

Young Gen Z To Silent

Approve of kneeling athletes

Citizens should be allowed to own guns

-23%

28%

15

less aware younger americans are less aware

Less Aware…

Younger Americans are less aware of some basic facts about America and American history.

American History Knowledge

Young Gen Z

Older Gen Z

Millennials

Gen X

Boomers

Silent

64%

55%

43%

38%

35%

33%

23%

17%

17%

16%

14%

13%

Bill of Rights

Federalist Papers

Mount Rushmore

First Amendment

Five Amendments

Pass FLAG’s

American Patriotic

History Quiz

12%

6%

-29%

2%

-4%

-4%

Difference From

Young Gen Z To Silent

16

less entrepreneurial younger respondents are less

Less Entrepreneurial…

Younger respondents are less sure of their ability to be entrepreneurs and less convinced

capitalism is the right way forward.

Entrepreneurship

Older Gen Z

Young Gen Z

Millennials

Gen X

Boomers

Silent

83%

79%

76%

54%

54%

50%

America should be driven by capitalism

Rather be an entrepreneur than a college graduate

Confident I can start my own business

-33%

-22%

-25%

Difference From

Young Gen Z To Silent

17

college in question

College in Question?

A State of Success

4 in 5 Americans think the rapid recent developments in technology have made it easier today to be entrepreneur

than it was 30 years ago

4 in 10 Americans don’t think a college degree is important to achieving their personal goal

Americans are three times more likely to think inventing something or starting a business is a very good measure

of success in comparison to getting a college degree

Nearly half of Americans do not think college is worth the expense

People see being a successful entrepreneur as a greater measure of success than being a successful college

graduate

In fact, more than 1 in 3 Millennial and Gen X Americans think college is a poor measure of value

While young people are still sold on the idea of college, many older people state that a college degree isn’t

essential to them achieving their personal goals

However, 1 in 5 younger Americans think college is interfering with their ability to seize the American dream

More than 1 in 3 older Americans think a college degree was more valuable 30 years ago than it is today

18

entrepreneurship and college

Entrepreneurship and College

1 in 3 Americans think it was more important to get a college degree 30 years ago than it is today.

Their Views On College and Entrepreneurship

The recent rapid development of technology makes it easier to be an

entrepreneur now than it was 30 years ago

3%

19%

59%

20%

I'd rather be a successful entrepreneur than a successful college graduate

7%

30%

41%

22%

A college degree is essential to achieving my personal goals

11%

32%

35%

22%

It is more important to get a college degree now than it was 30 years ago

11%

35%

33%

21%

It was more important to get a college degree 30 years ago than it is now

17%

48%

25%

10%

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly Agree

19

Which of the following statements about college do you agree with? (Select one per row)

expense of college vs value

Expense Of College Vs Value

Nearly half of Americans don’t think college is worth the expense.

Do They Think College Is Worth The Expense?

No

44%

Yes

56%

20

Do you believe the expense of a college degree worth it in the long run?

measures of success

Measures Of Success

Americans think starting their own business is a better measure of success than a college degree. 3

in 10 Americans think finishing college is a bad measure of success.

Do They Think A College Degree/Business Is A Good Measure Of Success?

Measurement

of Success

11%

26%

Very good measure

58%

Somewhat good measure

61%

Somewhat bad measure

22%

Very bad measure

10%

8%

2%

Finish College

Start a Business

Do you think that having a college degree is a good measure of determining whether or not they are

successful?

Do you think that having started their own business or inventing something is a good measure of determining

whether or not they are successful?

21

appendix detailed findings

Appendix Detailed Findings

Comprehensive insights including generational comparisons

22

additional potential headlines

Additional Potential Headlines

American Flag in Crisis:

Millennials are two times more likely than Baby Boomers to say that it’s okay to burn the American flag

1 in 10 Americans don’t enjoy seeing the American flag on Independence Day

4 in 10 Americans don’t think people should salute the American flag at a sporting event

Of all age groups Millennials are the least likely to say that people should salute the American flag at sporting events

Patriotism in Crisis:

1 in 6 Americans are not proud to be American

1 in 4 Americans don’t think America has a history it should be proud of

Half of Americans think America is a sexist country, they also think it’s a racist country

6 in 10 Americans think America is more racist than other countries

1 in 10 Americans think the American flag is a sign of intolerance and hatred

More than half of Americans think the country is headed in the wrong direction

1 in 5 Americans don’t think the world is safe when America is strong

4 in 10 Americans think Americas future should be driven by Socialism

Knowledge in Crisis:

8 in 10 Americans failed FLAG’s American Patriotic History Quiz; which surveyed knowledge areas around the Bill of Rights, Freedoms awarded

by the amendments, Mount Rushmore, and authors of the Federalist Papers

Baby Boomers are 50% more likely to pass FLAG’s American Patriotic History Quiz than Generation Z

Millennials were the most likely age group to get all the questions in FLAG’s American Patriotic History Quiz wrong with more than 1 in 3 failing

to notch a single correct answer

Less than half of Americans could identify how many amendments are in the Bill of Rights

When asked what Presidents are on Mount Rushmore 1 in 10 admitted that they don’t know anything about Mount Rushmore

3 in 10 Americans don’t know anything about the Federalist Papers

23

generational storylines

Generational Storylines

Generations at Odds:

The likelihood of an American consider themselves a Patriot declines the younger someone is with 9 in 10 Silent generation claiming to a

Patriot compared to only 5 in 10 Generation Z. The same trend is seen with the belief that “America is the greatest country in the world” and

that “America has a history to be proud of”

Baby boomers are more concerned about displaying a tattered American flag than Generation Z or Millennials

Half of all Generation Z and Millennials feel that American is not going to be great country in the future, compared to only one third of Baby

Boomer

Half of all Generation Z’s think Barack Obama had more impact on America than George Washington

Generation Z and Millennials are 50% more likely than Baby Boomers to say Americans Future should be driven by Socialism

Millennials are the most likely generation to say America is sexist and racist with 6 in 10 agreeing with each statement

Half of Generation Z and Millennials think America is more racist than other countries, compared to only 1 in 3 Baby Boomers

Baby Boomers are nearly two times more likely to be able to name the faces on Mount Rushmore compared to that of Generation Z and

Millennials

Younger Americans (under the age of 37) were more likely to claim that they didn’t know anything about the Federalist Papers (1 in 3)

compared to that of Generation X or Baby Boomers (1 in 4)

Millennials were the least likely generation to correctly identify the number of amendments in the Bill of Rights with only 4 in 10 claiming that

there are 10 amendments. In addition, they were the most likely to admit that they didn’t know anything about the Bill of Rights (1 in 5)

24

millennials lack patriotism

Millennials Lack Patriotism

While most Americans enjoy seeing the flag displayed, 1 in 5 Millennials are against it and 1 in 5

Millennials think the American flag is a sign of intolerance and hatred.

How They Feel About Patriotism

Younger

Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older

Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

Gen X

(38-53)

Boomer

(54-72)

Silent

(73+)

Summary: Agree

(266)

(277)

(241)

(87)

I enjoy seeing the American flag displayed in my

community on Independence Day (July 4th)

88%

87%

79%

89%

94%

94%

4%

8%

35%

53%

Publicly displaying tattered or worn American flags is

disrespectful

55%

54%

54%

69%

78%

84%

9%

26%

42%

24%

People should always salute the American flag at a

sporting event

67%

60%

47%

60%

60%

72%

15%

27%

30%

29%

It is ok to burn the American flag

19%

22%

42%

29%

22%

28%

50%

21%

18%

11%

I think poorly of my neighbors who do not fly an

American flag

13%

19%

14%

12%

10%

16%

44%

43%

10%

3%

I believe the American flag is a sign of intolerance and

hatred

13%

17%

19%

9%

3%

5%

60%

29%

8%

3%

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly Agree

26

Q1. Which of the following statements about the American flag do you agree with? (Select one per row)

younger americans have less positive views

Younger Americans Have Less Positive Views Of America

Younger generations think America is more racist and sexist. Additionally, they are less likely to see

themselves as patriots or view America as the greatest country in the world.

Their Views Of America And American Patriotism

Younger

Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older

Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

Gen X

(38-53)

Boomer

(54-72)

Silent

(73+)

Summary: Agree

(266)

(277)

(241)

(87)

Patriotism is a good thing

I am proud to be an American

71%

73%

78%

85%

92%

93%

3%

3%

4%

14%

14%

17%

44%

39%

81%

80%

72%

83%

92%

94%

36%

46%

The world is safer when America is strongest

Citizens should be allowed to own guns

America has a history that we should be proud of

I consider myself to be an American Patriot

America is the greatest country in the world

I'm confident I could start my own business

America is a sexist country

America is a racist country

America is headed in the right direction

America is more racist than other countries

66%

71%

68%

81%

93%

92%

41%

38%

38%

38%

9%

7%

7%

11%

12%

15%

21%

22%

66%

64%

69%

81%

83%

89%

41%

38%

33%

31%

33%

34%

54%

61%

65%

72%

85%

94%

49%

59%

62%

75%

87%

89%

23%

26%

51%

57%

54%

69%

81%

86%

43%

20%

15%

14%

18%

54%

64%

56%

62%

67%

79%

21%

23%

23%

27%

29%

28%

35%

35%

26%

49%

51%

60%

48%

46%

36%

44%

54%

63%

48%

42%

31%

33%

33%

38%

38%

48%

46%

59%

35%

29%

9%

40%

50%

46%

38%

29%

23%

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly Agree

27

Q5. Which of the following statements about America do you agree with? (Select one per row)

america is great

America Is Great

Younger respondents are less likely to think America is or will remain a great country.

Do They Think America Is And Will Remain Great?

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

America was a great country, is a great

country, and will continue to be a great

country

48%

49%

53%

60%

70%

64%

58%

America was a great country, is a great

country, but probably wont be a great country

in the future

26%

23%

17%

19%

12%

24%

America was a great country, but isn't now

and probably wont be in the future

19%

19%

16%

16%

17%

11%

19%

America was never a great country and it

never will be

16%

7%

9%

14%

6%

0%

-

7%

Total

28

Q2. Which of the following best describes your views towards America?

recency bias among the young

Recency Bias Among The Young

Older Americans are more likely to think George Washington has had a bigger impact on the country

we live in today compared to Barack Obama, in contrast to younger Americans.

Do They Think George Washington Or Barack Obama Has Had A Bigger Impact?

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

Barack

Obama

39%

51%

45%

63%

64%

64%

69%

George

Washington

61%

49%

55%

37%

36%

36%

31%

29

Q3. Which president has had a bigger impact on the country we live in today?

approval of kneeling athletes

Approval Of Kneeling Athletes

Younger Americans approve of athletes kneeling during the national anthem, while older

generations disapprove.

Do They Approve Of Kneeling Athletes?

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

No

48%

62%

61%

66%

47%

43%

34%

Yes

52%

38%

39%

34%

53%

57%

66%

30

Q17. Do you approve of professional athletes kneeling during the playing of the National Anthem?

overall american history awareness 1

Overall American History Awareness

Only 1 in 6 Americans can pass a quiz on basic knowledge of American history.

Can They Pass A Quiz On Basic American Knowledge?

Pass (More

Than 3

Correct)

17%

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

13%

14%

19%

17%

19%

17%

87%

86%

81%

83%

81%

83%

Fail (Less

Than 3

Correct)

83%

32

*Based on 5 questions

amendments in the bill of rights

Amendments In The Bill Of Rights

Less than half of Americans know how many amendments are in the bill of rights, although

Generation Z are more likely to know than their older counterparts.

Are They Right About The Number Of Amendments In The Bill Of Rights?

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

Correct

45%

55%

49%

41%

46%

44%

43%

Incorrect

55%

45%

51%

59%

54%

56%

57%

33

Q7. How many amendments are in the Bill of Rights?

constitutional ratification

Constitutional Ratification

Only 1 in 5 Americans know when the Constitution was ratified, although younger Americans are

more aware of when it was ratified than older Americans.

Do They Know When The Constitution Was Ratified?

Correct

18%

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

25%

20%

17%

18%

17%

13%

75%

80%

83%

82%

83%

87%

Incorrect

82%

34

Q8. What year was the U.S. Constitution ratified?

authors of the federalist papers

Authors Of The Federalist Papers

About 1 in 5 Americans know who the authors of the Federalist Papers were.

Do They Know The Authors Of The Federalist Papers?

Correct

23%

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

23%

23%

18%

24%

27%

17%

77%

77%

82%

76%

73%

83%

Incorrect

77%

35

Q9. Which of the following men were the authors of the Federalist Papers? (SELECT ALL THAT APPLY)

who is on mount rushmore

Who Is On Mount Rushmore

5 in 9 Americans know who is on Mount Rushmore, although awareness is higher among older

generations.

Do They Know Who Is On Mount Rushmore?

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

Incorrect

44%

35%

39%

46%

63%

71%

64%

Correct

56%

65%

61%

54%

37%

29%

36%

36

Q10. Which of the following men are featured on Mount Rushmore? (SELECT ALL THAT APPLY)

rights of the first amendment

Rights Of The First Amendment

Only 1 in 6 Americans know the specific rights enumerated in the First Amendment.

Do They Know The Rights Enumerated In The First Amendment?

Correct

16%

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

14%

11%

19%

16%

17%

16%

86%

89%

81%

84%

83%

84%

Incorrect

84%

37

Q11. Which of the following are the rights protected in the First Amendment? (SELECT ALL THAT APPLY)

rights in the first five amendments

Rights In The First Five Amendments

Americans are most aware of the rights in the 1stand 2ndamendment, but awareness of the rights

of other amendments is significantly lower.

Do They Know The Rights In The First Five Amendments?

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

Millennial

(22-37)

Gen X

(38-53)

Boomer

(54-72)

Silent

(73+)

Summary: Correct

(100)

(107)

(266)

(277)

(241)

(87)

74%

79%

82%

86%

94%

91%

1st Amendment

85%

15%

68%

74%

77%

80%

90%

89%

2nd Amendment

81%

19%

3rd Amendment

54%

46%

48%

48%

53%

56%

64%

44%

4th Amendment

59%

41%

39%

51%

54%

59%

73%

66%

5th Amendment

55%

45%

52%

53%

52%

56%

63%

47%

Correct

Incorrect

38

Q12. For each of the following Amendments to the Constitution, please drag into each bucket the correct

rights associated with each Amendment.

young people more open to socialism

Young People More Open To Socialism

Younger generations are more likely to think America’s future should be driven by the principles of

socialism than older generations, including almost half of those 37 and younger.

Should America’s Future Be Driven By Capitalism Or Socialism?

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

Socialism,

39%

50%

53%

53%

61%

70%

83%

Capitalism,

61%

50%

47%

47%

39%

30%

17%

40

Q4. Do you think America’s future should be driven more by the principles of Capitalism or Socialism?

young people more sold on college

Young People More Sold On College

Younger Americans place a higher value on being a college graduate than older Americans, and are more

likely to say being a successful college graduate is less important than being a successful entrepreneur.

Their Views On College

Younger

Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older

Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

Gen X

(38-53)

Boomer

(54-72)

Silent

(73+)

Summary: Agree

(266)

(277)

(241)

(87)

The recent rapid development of technology makes it

easier to be an entrepreneur now than it was 30 years

ago

3%

19%

59%

20%

79%

75%

80%

74%

81%

82%

I'd rather be a successful entrepreneur than a

successful college graduate

7%

30%

41%

22%

54%

56%

57%

65%

68%

76%

A college degree is essential to achieving my personal

goals

11%

32%

35%

22%

66%

75%

63%

51%

49%

49%

It is more important to get a college degree now than

it was 30 years ago

11%

35%

33%

21%

50%

67%

57%

48%

52%

51%

It was more important to get a college degree 30

years ago than it is now

17%

48%

25%

10%

37%

21%

30%

39%

36%

41%

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

Agree

Strongly Agree

41

Q6. Which of the following statements about college do you agree with? (Select one per row)

college and the american dream

College And The American Dream

Younger generations are more likely to think going to college interferes with the American dream compared

to older Generations, although all generations think going to college helps achieve the American dream.

Do They Think College Supports The American Dream?

Interfere with

the ability to

seize the

American

dream, 16%

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

78%

80%

79%

84%

90%

89%

22%

20%

21%

16%

10%

11%

Help achieve

the

American

dream, 84%

42

Q13. Going to college – does it help you achieve the American dream or interfere with your ability to seize

the American dream?

expense of college vs value 1

Expense Of College Vs Value

Despite being more likely to think college interferes with the American dream, Gen Z are more

likely to think college is worth the expense, although Millennials disagree, comparatively.

Do They Think College Is Worth The Expense?

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

64%

61%

53%

51%

59%

56%

No, 44%

Yes, 56%

36%

39%

47%

49%

41%

44%

43

Q14. Do you believe the expense of a college degree worth it in the long run?

college degree as a measure of success

College Degree As A Measure Of Success

Millennials and Gen X place the least value on a college degree as a measure of success, although

more than 6 in 10 think it is a good measure.

Do They Think A College Degree Is A Good Measure Of Success?

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

Summary: Good Measure

Measurement of

Success

11%

14%

22%

11%

10%

8%

6%

Very good measure

59%

52%

54%

54%

65%

69%

58%

Somewhat good measure

Somewhat bad measure

17%

18%

26%

26%

22%

13%

Very bad measure

22%

10%

7%

8%

10%

5%

13%

8%

Total

44

Q15. Do you think that having a college degree is a good measure of determining whether or not they are

successful?

starting a business as a measure of success

Starting A Business As A Measure Of Success

More Americans think starting a business is a good measure of success than think going to college is

a good measure of success.

Is Starting A Business A Measure Of Success?

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

(100)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

(107)

Millennial

(22-37)

(266)

Gen X

(38-53)

(277)

Boomer

(54-72)

(241)

Silent

(73+)

(87)

Summary: Good Measure

Measurement of

Success

36%

26%

18%

30%

26%

31%

26%

Very good measure

41%

64%

62%

60%

68%

62%

Somewhat good measure

61%

Somewhat bad measure

16%

8%

17%

8%

6%

6%

Very bad measure

7%

2%

3%

3%

-

1%

10%

Total

45

Q16. Do you think that having started their own business or inventing something is a good measure of

determining whether or not they are successful?

younger gen z 14 17

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

Millennial

(22-37)

Gen X

(38-53)

Boomer

(54-72)

Silent

(73+)

Total

Region

1078

100

107

266

277

241

87

Northeast

19%

8%

12%

24%

22%

18%

17%

Midwest

23%

25%

25%

20%

23%

23%

24%

South

36%

51%

51%

27%

30%

40%

32%

West

23%

16%

11%

30%

25%

19%

26%

Generation

Younger Gen Z (14-17)

9%

100%

-

-

-

-

-

Older Gen Z (18-21)

10%

-

100%

-

-

-

-

Millennial (22-37)

25%

-

-

100%

-

-

-

Gen X (38-53)

26%

-

-

-

100%

-

-

Boomer (54-72)

22%

-

-

-

-

100%

-

Silent (73+)

8%

-

-

-

-

-

100%

Gender

Male

47%

42%

36%

49%

48%

44%

71%

Female

53%

58%

64%

52%

52%

56%

29%

Parent/Guardian

Yes

26%

7%

14%

42%

49%

6%

1%

No

74%

93%

86%

58%

51%

94%

99%

47

younger gen z 14 17 1

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

Millennial

(22-37)

Gen X

(38-53)

Boomer

(54-72)

Silent

(73+)

Total

Education

1078

100

107

266

277

241

87

HS Or Less

20%

-

54%

15%

16%

15%

22%

Some College

31%

-

46%

25%

30%

32%

31%

4-Year Degree

30%

-

-

39%

35%

28%

26%

Post-Grad

19%

-

-

20%

19%

24%

21%

Income

Less than $25,000

19%

34%

29%

21%

16%

13%

13%

$25,000 - $49,999

19%

8%

22%

21%

18%

19%

22%

$50,000 - $79,999

21%

13%

20%

25%

22%

17%

22%

$80,000 or more

27%

22%

20%

22%

33%

36%

18%

Prefer not to say

14%

23%

9%

11%

12%

15%

25%

Race

White

76%

52%

53%

74%

79%

89%

91%

Black

8%

21%

19%

5%

7%

3%

5%

Hispanic

8%

18%

17%

10%

5%

5%

1%

Asian

3%

4%

5%

5%

3%

1%

1%

Other

5%

5%

7%

6%

6%

3%

2%

48

younger gen z 14 17 2

Younger Gen Z

(14-17)

Older Gen Z

(18-21)

Millennial

(22-37)

Gen X

(38-53)

Boomer

(54-72)

Silent

(73+)

Total

Area

1078

100

107

266

277

241

87

Rural

27%

27%

21%

23%

25%

33%

33%

Suburban

50%

55%

53%

45%

51%

50%

47%

Urban

24%

18%

26%

33%

24%

17%

20%

Political Affiliation

Democrat

32%

36%

36%

30%

33%

16%

-

Republican

25%

22%

20%

25%

30%

33%

-

Independent

30%

21%

26%

34%

30%

43%

-

Other

5%

3%

4%

7%

4%

7%

-

Not Sure

8%

18%

13%

5%

3%

1%

-

Registered To Vote

Yes

84%

66%

78%

84%

95%

95%

-

No

14%

29%

19%

14%

4%

3%

-

Not Sure

2%

5%

3%

2%

0%

1%

-

49