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OFF-SITE CONSTRUCTION - - WORKPLACE COMMUNICATIONS - -. - - PPE - - (Personal Protective Equipment). What is personal protective equipment (PPE) and what are some of the types? .
- - PPE - -
(Personal Protective Equipment)
PPE is defined as all equipment, including clothing, which is intended to be worn or held by a person at work and which protects him against one or more risks to his health and safety. Some of the types of PPE which are used throughout the workplace include:
Hazards- Impact from falling or flying objects, risk of head bumping, hair entanglement
Hazards- chemical or metal splash, dust, projectiles, gas and vapor.
Hazards- Wet, electrostatic build up, slipping, falling objects
Hazards- Abrasions, temperature extremes, cuts and punctures, impact, chemicals, electric shock, skin infection, disease or contamination.
Hazards- Chemical or metal splash, spray from pressure leaks or spray guns, impact or penetration, contaminated dust, excessive wear or entanglement of clothing
Hazards- Dust, vapor, gas, oxygen deficient atmospheres.
If equipped with a suitable filter, the mask provides protection against the inhalation of harmful gasses/vapors and/or particles. The choice of filter determines the degree of protection provided by the mask in a given situation
Filter Class P3 (includes P2 & P1)
Provides protection against all types of particles, both solid and liquid
Provides protection against organic gasses and vapors, I.e solvents whose boiling point exceeds +65 degrees Celsius
Provides protection against organic substances with boiling points of up to +65 degrees Celsius
Provides protection against inorganic gasses and vapors. I.e Chlorine, hydrogen sulphide and hydrogen cyanide
Provide protection against acid gasses and vapors. I.e Sulphur dioxide and hydrogen fluoride
Provides protection against ammonia and some amines. I.e Ethylendiamine
Provides protection against mercury vapor. Maximum usage time is 50 hours
(Pre-Filter prevents premature
Clogging of the main filter &
Also prevents damage to the
Designers, manufacturers or suppliers of PPE can give advice on the specifications and appropriate use of their products.
This is important as seen in the following example: Clearly, no one type of glove provides adequate protection against all chemicals. A respirator designed to be effective against medium air levels of one particular chemical, may not be effectiveagainst high levels of the same chemical, or lower levels of a different chemical.
For this reason it is highly important to contact the suppliers and read any enclosed information regarding the uses and protections of the particular PPE employed.
Initially the employer must determine if there is a hazard and assess the risk associated with the hazard. An employer must then eliminate any reasonably foreseeable risk to the health and safety of any person within his/her workplace.
If it is not possible to eliminate the risk, an employer must control the risk. PPE may assist in reducing this possible risk of harm.
However, it should be noted that legal requirements state that all workplaces should specifically follow the outlined PPE and OH&S practices, and any workplace which does not have these regulations in place should be brought to the attention of head office, or in extreme cases, Work Cover and/or Industrial Relations
There are two main points to maintaining safe PPE equipment, these include:
does it prevent or satisfactorily control the risks involved without increasing the overall level of risk.
Can it be adjusted to fit the wearer properly?
has the state of health of those who will be wearing it been taken into account?
what are the needs of the job and the demands it places on the wearer? For E.g. the length of time the PPE needs to be worn, the physical effort required to do the job and the requirement for visibility and communication.
If more then one item of PPE is being worn, are they compatible? For E.g. does a particular respirator (mask) make it difficult to wear eye protection properly?Assessing PPE