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ACNE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ACNE. BY DR. MARWA ELBADAWY,MD. Factors involved in acne development. Inflammatory Factors in Acne. 1) Acne vulgaris: a- May affect palms and soles. b- Is a disease of sweat glands. c- Commonly affects the scalp. d- Is a disease of adolescents.

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1) Acne vulgaris:

  • a- May affect palms and soles.
  • b- Is a disease of sweat glands.
  • c- Commonly affects the scalp.
  • d- Is a disease of adolescents.
  • e- Causes itching which increases by night.

2) Acne vulgaris is:

  • Cured by topical steroids.
  • An infectious disease.
  • Treated by retinoids in its nodulocystic forms.
  • A disease affecting skin and mucous membranes.
  • A disease of sweat glands.

3) Acne vulgaris is:

a- A disease of the pilosebaceous apparatus.

b- A disease which commonly affects the face.

c- A disease which can be treated by oral tetracyclines.

d- All of the above.

e- None of the above.


4) Mucous membrane affection may occur in all of the following EXCEPT:

  • Lichen planus.
  • Lupus erythematosus.
  • Erythemamultiforme.
  • Herpes simplex.
  • Acne vulgaris.
  • Wash
  • Medicate
  • Moisturize
  • Wash your hands first
  • Splash your face and neck and any other problem areas with warm water.
  • guide to shaving
  • Lather up your hands with your chosen mild cleansing wash or bar.
  • Gentlywash problem areas with your bare hands. This should take no longer than a few seconds. Rinse gently.
  • Gently pat dry. Do not rub.
  • Wait until your skin is completely dry.
  • Wash and dry hands.
  • If you're just starting the Regimen it's important to start off with a smaller amount of BP to help avoid irritation. Over a 2-4 week period slowly increase the quantity of BP you use until you're using the full amount.
  • How much Benzoyl Peroxide to apply?
  • Dispense the required amount of BP and spread it on to your face very gently with your fingers. Don't rub. Just allow your fingers to glide over your skin.
  • Carefully avoid the area around the eyes;
  • Wait 5-15 minutes for your skin to dry. Do not rinse off the benzoyl peroxide. Once it is applied, you will leave it on the skin.
  • Wash and dry hands. Apply moisturizer.
  • After a few minutes if your skin is still flaky, apply a bit more moisturizer. Do not skip this step. Begin moisturizing twice a day from your first day on the Regimen.
  • Carefully avoid the area around the eyes with the moisturizer as well. The moisturizer can pick up some of the underlying BP and may irritate the sensitive area around the eyes
  • Razor: single blade razors and multiple blade razors are all more irritating than a twin blade.
  • Shaving Foam/Gel/Cream: It should specifically claim to be non-comedogenic on the label.
  • Shaving Oil: If you feel your skin needs extra protection and opt for a shaving oil, ensure you choose a non-comedegenic formula. Jojoba oil is a good choice.

Step 1: Choosing your equipment

Step 2: Preparation
  • Warm/hot water will soften your beard, resulting in a much more comfortable and less irritating shave.
  • Fact: wet hair is more than twice as easy to cut than dry hair.
  • Optional: Applying a pre-shave oil before shaving will further soften the beard as well as assist with razor glide and offer more protection. Apply pre-shave oil to damp skin. You only need a few drops for your full beard..
Step 3: The Shave
  • Always shave with the grain.
  • on the cheeks the hair growth will be from the top to bottom.
  • wash your face with your regular cleanser.

Step 4: Wash forehead and nose

  • There is no need to rewash your beard area. Simply wash your forehead and nose and you will be done with the gentle cleansing step of the Regimen.

5) The following drugs may be used in the treatment of acne EXCEPT:

  • Retinoids.
  • Dapsone.
  • Tetracyclines.
  • Androgens.
  • Steroids.

6)Benzoyl peroxide is used in the treatment of:

a- Animal scabies.

b- Pediculosis capitis.

c- Phthyrus pubis.

d- Acne vulgaris.