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ASIA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ASIA. Physical Geography. South Asia. Includes the countries of: India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Maldives. Landforms. India is a sub-continent Himalaya Mountains—highest mountains in the world Mt. Everest—highest peak in the world located in Nepal (29,000 ft)

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south asia
South Asia
  • Includes the countries of: India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Maldives
landforms
Landforms
  • India is a sub-continent
  • Himalaya Mountains—highest mountains in the world
  • Mt. Everest—highest peak in the world located in Nepal(29,000 ft)
  • Khyber Pass—used to be the only crossing into India and Pakistan
major river systems
Major River Systems
  • Ganges River—sacred river of Eastern India
    • Fed by the snowcapped Himalayas
    • Annual flooding during monsoon season
    • Empties into the Bay of Bengal
  • Indus River—flows mainly through Pakistan
    • Home to the ancient Indian civilization
    • Empties into the Arabian Gulf
climate and vegetation
Climate and Vegetation
  • Tropical and sub-tropical in the East (Indian Rainforest)
  • Dry in the West
    • Great Indian Desert
  • Monsoons—Seasonal winds (wet, dry and cool seasons)
    • Wet season brings moisture from the sea over land
    • Dry season blows cool air from the Himalayas
east asia
East Asia
  • Countries include: China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Taiwan and Mongolia
islands and peninsulas
Islands and Peninsulas
  • Japan is a mountainous archipelago (4 main islands)
    • Mt. Fuji (dormant volcano)
  • Japan sits along the Ring of Fire and experiences 1000s of earthquakes and tsunamis every year
  • Taiwan is a former part of China
  • Korean Peninsula
landforms1
Landforms
  • Several mountain ranges are located in China
  • The Gobi Desert is located in Northern China and Southern Mongolia
major river systems1
Major River Systems
  • Huang He River (Yellow River) runs through central China
    • Carries yellow top soil called loess downstream
    • Irrigates North China Plain
  • Yangtze River is located in southern China
    • 3 Gorges Dam
southeast asia
Southeast Asia
  • Includes the countries of: Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia and Brunei
landforms2
Landforms
  • There are several nations in Southeast Asia that are made up of islands: Philippines, Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia
  • Malaysia is also part of a peninsula (Malay Peninsula)
  • The landscape is dominated by mountain ranges with volcanoes
  • Most of the region experiences a tropical rainforest climate
water
Water
  • This area is surrounded by many seas and oceans including: South China Sea, Philippine Sea, Celebes Sea, Banda Sea, Java Sea, Andaman Sea, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Thailand and Gulf of Tonkin
climate and vegetation1
Climate and Vegetation
  • Most of Southeast Asia is covered with tropical rainforest
  • Much of the land is dedicated to agriculture