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CHAPTER 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle. What are the primary audit objectives with regard to inventory ?. - existence. What are the primary audit objectives with regard to inventory ?. - existence - rights. ABC Electronics Co. Sales Invoice.

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CHAPTER 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle


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  1. CHAPTER 12Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle

  2. What are the primary audit objectives with regard to inventory? - existence

  3. What are the primary audit objectives with regard to inventory? - existence - rights ABC Electronics Co. Sales Invoice

  4. What are the primary audit objectives with regard to inventory? - existence - rights - accuracy

  5. What are the primary audit objectives with regard to inventory? - existence - rights - accuracy - realizable value

  6. What is the primary audit procedure with regard to inventory? Observe the client’s inventory-taking procedures.

  7. What is the primary audit procedure with regard to inventory? Observe the client’s inventory-taking procedures. required by AU 331

  8. When do client inventory-taking procedures occur? December If the client has a periodic inventory system, the physical inventory count determines the balance in inventory accounts and will probably occur on the balance sheet date.

  9. When do client inventory-taking procedures occur? June If the client has a perpetual inventory system, the physical inventory count may occur any time during the accounting period. Whenever the count occurs, the auditor is required to observe.

  10. Some clients use statistical sampling in their inventory methods. why?

  11. Some clients use statistical sampling in their inventory methods. reduces the need to count every inventory item (sample results can be statistically extended to the population)

  12. Some clients use statistical sampling in their inventory methods. What are the auditor’s concerns?

  13. Some clients use statistical sampling in their inventory methods. The auditor is concerned that the statistical inventory plan: - has statistical validity - is properly applied - achieves reasonable results

  14. Should the auditor test beginning inventory balances? When the auditing firm has not audited beginning balances, the auditors must satisfy themselves as to the appropri- ateness of beginning balances, if they are satisfied as to the current balances. how?

  15. When the auditing firm has not audited beginning balances, the auditors must satisfy themselves as to the appropri- ateness of beginning balances, if they are satisfied as to the current balances. how? review of prior inventory count records tests of inventory transactions and documents analytical procedures

  16. How should the auditor test inventory held at a public warehouse? client head- quarters & auditor’s office public warehouse

  17. How should the auditor test inventory held at a public warehouse? - direct written confirmation with the public warehouse Confirmation, alone, will not be sufficient if inventory quantities held at the warehouse are significant.

  18. How should the auditor test inventory held at a public warehouse? - direct written confirmation with the public warehouse - if inventory held at the public ware- house is significant: ~ review client’s procedures for investigating and evaluating the warehouse

  19. How should the auditor test inventory held at a public warehouse? - direct written confirmation with the public warehouse - if inventory held at the public ware- house is significant: ~ review client’s procedures for investigating and evaluating the warehouse ~ obtain report from warehouse’s auditor regarding internal controls

  20. How should the auditor test inventory held at a public warehouse? - direct written confirmation with the public warehouse - if inventory held at the public ware- house is significant: ~ review client’s procedures for investigating and evaluating the warehouse ~ obtain report from warehouse’s auditor regarding internal controls ~ observe warehouse’s physical counts (if practical)

  21. Some large merchandisers use outside inventory-taking companies that specialize in counting inventory. What are the auditing implications?

  22. Some large merchandisers use outside inventory-taking companies that specialize in counting inventory. - since the inventory-taking company is a third party, their work has greater reliability than the client’s

  23. Some large merchandisers use outside inventory-taking companies that specialize in counting inventory. - since the inventory-taking company is a third party, their work has greater reliability than the client’s - the auditor still should observe the physical inventory count

  24. Some large merchandisers use outside inventory-taking companies that specialize in counting inventory. - since the inventory-taking company is a third party, their work has greater reliability than the client’s - the auditor still should observe the physical inventory count - the auditor must test the effectiveness of the inventory-taking company’s procedures

  25. inventory audit procedures perform analytical procedures to test inventory reasonableness

  26. inventory audit procedures regarding the client physical inventory count: Review the client’s plan for counting the physical inventory. Attend client count planning meetings.

  27. inventory audit procedures regarding the client physical inventory count: Observe the physical inventory count. Determine whether client counting methods are effective.

  28. inventory audit procedures regarding the client physical inventory count: Observe the quality and condition of the inventory. Consider obsolescence.

  29. inventory audit procedures regarding the client physical inventory count: On a random basis: - select a sample of inventory items from the warehouse floor, count them, trace the quantity to client count records

  30. inventory audit procedures regarding the client physical inventory count: On a random basis: - select a sample of inventory items from the client count records, find them in the warehouse, count them

  31. 4/30/x7 Physical Inventory 4/30/x7 Physical Inventory perpetual inventory description qty widgets - red 87 widgets - green 4 widgets - purple 18 18# widgets - purple 18# widgets - purple inventory audit procedures regarding the client physical inventory count: On a random basis: - select a sample of inventory items from the client count records, trace them to the perpetual inventory records 4/30/x7 Physical Inventory 18# widgets - purple

  32. 4/30/x7 Physical Inventory 4/30/x7 Physical Inventory perpetual inventory description qty widgets - red 87 widgets - green 4 widgets - purple 18 18# widgets - purple 18# widgets - purple inventory audit procedures regarding the client physical inventory count: On a random basis: - select a sample of inventory items from the perpetual inventory records trace them to the client count records 4/30/x7 Physical Inventory 18# widgets - purple

  33. inventory audit procedures determine whether any inventory has been pledged as collateral (disclosure)

  34. inventory audit procedures Inquire of client management regarding the existence of consigned inventories. consignments “R” us ACE

  35. inventory audit procedures Inquire of client management regarding the existence of consigned inventories: - if a consignee holds a portion of the client’s inventory, confirm that amount with the consignee

  36. inventory audit procedures Inquire of client management regarding the existence of consigned inventories: - if a consignee holds a portion of the client’s inventory, confirm that amount with the consignee - if a client consignee holds a portion of a consignor’s inventory, confirm that amount with the consignor

  37. inventory audit procedures Consider the effects of sales and purchases cutoff tests on inventories.

  38. inventory audit procedures Test the client’s application of their inventory valuation method (FIFO, LIFO) and the lower-of-cost-or-market rule.

  39. inventory audit procedures For manufactured inventories: test the cost accumulation process as it affects valuation of ending inventories and COGS

  40. Auditing Plant Assets - perform analytical procedures - verify current-year acquisitions - verify current-year disposals - verify ending asset balances - verify depreciation expense - verify ending accumulated de- preciation balances

  41. Auditing Plant Assets - perform analytical procedures examples: depreciation expense / equipment manufacturing costs / production

  42. Auditing Plant Assets - verify current-year acquisitions ~Select a sample of entries in the acqui- sitions journal and trace to fixed asset master file. ~Select a sample of entries in the acqui- sitions journal and trace to vendor in- voices and receiving reports. ~Select a sample of entries in the acqui- sitions journal and physically examine the related assets.

  43. Auditing Plant Assets - verify current-year disposals ~ analyze gains on the disposal of as- sets and miscellaneous income for receipts from asset disposals ~ review plant modifications and changes in product line, taxes, or in- surance coverage for indications of deletions of equipment ~ make inquiries of management and production personnel about disposals

  44. Auditing Plant Assets - verify ending asset balances EXAMPLE PROCEDURE: Trace totals from fixed asset master file to the general ledger.

  45. Auditing Plant Assets - verify depreciation expense - recalculate depreciation expense - determine whether the client’s depreciation policy is consistent

  46. Auditing Plant Assets What audit procedures address the auditor’s concern regarding accu- racy of accumulated depreciation? Trace totals from fixed asset master file to the general ledger. Recalculate accumulated depreciation