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Art Since 1945

Art Since 1945. Current Art. Introduction. The year 1945 was considered a turning point in the history of Western art Focused on creating not destroying Capital of the new art world was New York City. Abstract Expressionism. These group of artists made up the New York School

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Art Since 1945

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  1. Art Since 1945 Current Art

  2. Introduction • The year 1945 was considered a turning point in the history of Western art • Focused on creating not destroying • Capital of the new art world was New York City

  3. Abstract Expressionism • These group of artists made up the New York School • Most direct influence from surrealism • Generally quite large to engulf the viewer

  4. Jackson Pollock • Drip technique • Painted indirectly from above the surface • He felt as if he was “in” the painting • Ex. Number 1, 1949 (5’3”x8’6”)

  5. Color Field • Imagery is reduced to a large area of color, in some cases filling the entire canvas • Unlike abstract expressionists emotional paintings, this added a meditative tranquility to get the viewer to think about the work of art • Ex. Mark Rothko- Orange and Yellow • Ex. Helen Frankenthaler- The Bay

  6. 1960’s Neo-Dada (“new Dada”) • Young artists began mixing art back up with life as they found it, sometimes literally and often humorously • Many artists felt it was time to move on from abstract expressionism • Ex. Robert Rauschenberg- Factum II

  7. Jean Tinguely • Ex. Homage to New York 1960 • A parody of machines and the machine age, but it also allowed machines to do something they are rarely built to do : PLAY • He felt that art should be FUN!!!

  8. 1960-70’s Pop Art • Pop art- meaning popular or America’s popular culture • Comic books • Advertising • Billboards • Packaging • Cinema • TV • Newspapers

  9. Andy Warhol 1928-1987 • Most known and famous of Pop artists • Frustrated critics by refusing to explain what the meanings of his art was • Also adopted the methods of mass production • Ex. 100 cans, Thirty are better than one

  10. Minimalism • Coexisted with pop art in the 1960’s • Primary concern was 3 dimensional art • The painting is a thing • A term invented by critics in an attempt to handle what they were seeing

  11. Frank Stella • “What you see is what you see” • The beauty of the color, the logic of the composition, the satisfaction of repetition was the meaning intended. • Ex. Valparaiso Flesh and Green

  12. Photorealism • During the 1970’s painters became interested in viewing through a lens • Means a particular kind of realism that the camera produces • Ex. Don Eddy- New Shoes for H

  13. Conceptual Art • The idea is 1st and the form is secondary • Echo of Dada • Not a style but a way of thinking about art • Ex. Joseph Kosuth- One and Three Chairs • 3 alternative representations of a chair together for comparison

  14. Feminism and Feminist Art • Fought for mostly equal rights and equal pay • Women art professionals organized to recover women’s art of the past to push for more representation in museums and galleries. • Art historians knew of these women but chose not to discuss them in their telling of art history. • Ex. Judy Chicago- Dinner Party • Ex. Miriam Schapiro- Heartfelt

  15. Postmodern World • First used to describe architecture • Ex. Renzo Piano and Richard Rodgers- Georges Pompidou National Center of Art and Culture • Designed in 1971 encased in scaffolding, pipes, tubes, and funnels-all color coded according to function-it looks like a building turned inside out

  16. Pluralism • The idea that art can take many directions at the same time, all of them equally valid. • No one art style or artist should take the credit for what art is today

  17. The Painterly Image • During the 1980’s some of these artist became known as Neo-Expressionists • It recalled the sincerity and emotional intensity of the Expressionist movement

  18. Eric Fischl 1982 • Ex. Barbecue- explored the strangeness that lay just under the surface of ordinary suburban life

  19. Jean-Michel Basquiat • One of the many young New York artists that drew their energy from street life, the punk scene, and graffiti. • Ex. Gold Griot 1984

  20. Words and Images, Issues and Identities • Ex. Kerry James Marshall- Past Times 1997 • Ex. William Kentridge- Drawing from Stereoscope (and palimpsets) 1998

  21. Toward Theater: Performance and Installation Art • Created elaborate computerized projection environment whose many screens and monitors fill the stage with constantly shifting images and sounds. • During the 1980’s this became known as the Performance Arts

  22. Laurie Anderson • Ex. Stories from the Nerve Bible 1994 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f5VUg9SoRA0

  23. The Digital Realm • The development of digital technologies over the past twenty years has allowed images and sounds to be encoded and transmitted as patterns of numbers. • All of these functions are concentrated to personal computers and linked to the Internet. • Ex. Jim Campbell- Fifth Avenue Cutaway #1 2001

  24. Being Human: The Life of the Spirit • Bill Viola • The Crossing 1996 • ..\..\YouTube - Bill Viola _ The Crossing.htm Being Human: The Life of the Spirit

  25. Lorna Simpson • Easy to Remember 2001 • ..\..\YouTube - Lorna Simpson_ Easy to remember_ 2001.htmLorna Simpson

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