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Opening Question (11/29/10). What are similarities differences between Athens and Sparta? What makes each polis unique and what makes each polis the same? Couple of bullet points for each …. If you did not do I shmael DB #6 or #7… shame on you

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opening question 11 29 10
Opening Question (11/29/10)
  • What are similarities differences between Athens and Sparta?
  • What makes each polis unique and what makes each polis the same?
    • Couple of bullet points for each….
  • If you did not do Ishmael DB #6 or #7… shame on you
    • If you do not do it by Thursday they are “0’s” and that is that   This is how it makes me feel
  • If you have make-up work or make-up homework have it out for me to check…

Today's topic = Greek government and Athens vs. Sparta

hw review 21
HW Review (#21)

1. Small Kingdoms ruled by Chieftains/Kings

2. Most overthrown by Aristocrats (rule by the best)

4. Tyrants start to come to power, usually supported by people but take power illegally (650-500BC) – introduce reforms that make democracy possible

3. Aristocrats weaken as “Hoplites” (common heavy infantry soldiers) demand more rights

5. Tyrants become more like dictators and are overthrown and government by people (democracy) is established in some city-states

6. Athens forms the worlds first democracy. (does not include women’ rights slavery exist) Other city-states like Sparta return to an oligarchy or aristocracy.

greek social classes and civic duty
Greek Social Classes and Civic Duty

3 Main Social Groups in Greek society

1) Citizens: free adult males; expectation of civic participation

2) Free people with no political rights: women; foreigners

3) Noncitizensand slaves

Greeks believed that all free male citizens were rational people

CIVIC DUTY – Responsibility to participate and help run government

Citizens should participate in government (ex. Athens democracy)

All decisions were made in a public open debate


Athenian Rulers and the Rise of Democracy in Athens


  • TYRANTS - Leaders who took power by force, had the support of most of the people. Not necessarily bad rulers, although some were
athens v sparta
Athens v. Sparta

*Valued Individual Freedom, learning and tolerance

*Valued Loyalty, Discipline, and Obedience


*Male born in Athens can become a citizen of Athens

*40,000 citizens in Athens at any given time

*Education about the mind and body

*Women stay at home and supervise running of house

*Boys ages 7 – 18 attended school (mandatory)

*Open towards foreigners – foreigners not allowed to become citizens

*Oligarchy – Council of Elder (28) – 2 Kings (1 for military and 1 at home)

*Had to be descendant of original settlers that came to Sparta

*Never more than 6,000 – 7,000 citizens most times

*Boys start school at age seven (all military training)

*Women could leave home, participate in sports, and even own land

*Sparta wanted to cut itself off from the rest of the world (isolation from foreigners)

*Both are great Greek City States

*Both Believe that women should be held in private life and had to take care of the children

*Military important

*Both had slaves- slaves could work in home, in trade or as farmers

*Education focused on Philosophy, Biology, Math and Geography

*Education focused on toughness, discipline, and fitness

social hierarchy in athens
Social hierarchy in Athens

Citizens – Males born in Athens, could be rich or poor

Only Athenian born males had political rights, females could not vote or hold office

Metics – non-citizens born outside of Athens, were free, paid taxes, yet could not take part in political processor own land, (usually were merchants or artisans)

Slaves – Athenians considered slavery natural and necessary, slaves were usually people captured in war, slaves treated as property, masters could free slaves and the slaves would become Metics

social hierarchy in sparta
Social hierarchy in Sparta

Equals – descendants of invaders, all treated equally

Land is divided equally among Equals

Helots are divided equally to work the land

Half Citizens – Were free, paid taxes, could serve in army, could become rich through trade and industry, yet they had NO POLITICAL POWER

Helots – slaves conquered by Spartan ancestors, treated harshly, Spartans used fear to control them, greatly outnumbered Spartans and fear of uprising led to Spartans creating their military society

raft writing activity
RAFT Writing Activity
  • Two Paragraphs Minimum – pick 1 to do – due at end of class