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Increasing Literacy Skills by Placing Reading at the Core. Neil J. Anderson Brigham Young University Provo, Utah [email protected] http://linguistics.byu.edu/andersonn.php. Placing Reading at the Core of Instruction. Listening. Speaking. Reading. Writing. Grammaring.

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Increasing literacy skills by placing reading at the core l.jpg

Increasing Literacy Skills byPlacing Reading at the Core

Neil J. Anderson

Brigham Young University

Provo, Utah

[email protected]

http://linguistics.byu.edu/andersonn.php


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Placing Reading at theCore of Instruction

Listening

Speaking

Reading

Writing

Grammaring


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Developing Critical Thinking Skills

Evaluation

Synthesis

Analysis

Application

Comprehension

Knowledge

Higher-order skills

Lower-order skills


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The Griney GrollersThinking Skills Test

The griney grollers grangled in the granchy gak.

1. What kind of grollers were they?

2. What did the grollers do?


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The Griney GrollersThinking Skills Test

The griney grollers grangled in the granchy gak.

3. Where did they do it?

4. In what kind of gak did they grangle?

5. Place one line under the subject and two lines under the verb.


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The Griney GrollersThinking Skills Test

The griney grollers grangled in the granchy gak.

6. In one sentence, explain why the grollers were grangling in the granchy gak. Be prepared to justify your answer with facts.

7. If you had to grangle in a granchy gak, what one item would you choose to have with you and why?


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The Griney GrollersThinking Skills Test

Moral:
Students can answer low-level
questions without thinking.

Students enter/exit classrooms
with no more understanding of
what they've learned than
"The Griney Groller” taught you!

What is higher-order thinking?

http://www2.selu.edu/Academics/Education/TEC/think.htm


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Placing Reading at the Core

Curriculum Design and Development

1. Focus on student learning

2. Emphasize quality instruction

3. Focus on purpose and continuous

improvement

Glatthorn, A. (1994). Developing a quality curriculum. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.


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Curricular Change and Innovation

Change does not necessarily result in higher program quality.

Innovation is an organized system for improving both teaching and learning.

Stoller, F. (1997). The catalyst for change and innovation. In M.A. Christison & F. L. Stoller (Eds.), An Handbook for Language Program Administrators (pp. 33-46). Burlingame, CA: Alta Book Center.


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Curricular Change and Innovation

Markee (1997) defines curricular innovation as “a managed process of development whose principle products are teaching (and/or testing) materials, methodological skills, and pedagogical values that are perceived as new by potential adopters” (p. 172).

Markee, N. (1997). Managing curricular innovation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.


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Curricular Change and Innovation

“Without a focus on innovation, changes may result in nothing more than minor adjustments to the existing curriculum” (Casey, 1999, p. 81).

Casey, J. (1999). Curriculum innovations in intensive English programs: An update. Journal of Intensive English Studies,13, 79-97.


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Integrating Critical Thinking into the Reading Curriculum

“Critical thinking is a vital feature for the improvement of teaching and learning” (Nguyen, 2005, p. 6).

Nguyen, T. C. L. (2005). From passive participant to active thinker: A learner-centered approach to materials development. English Teaching Forum, 43 (3), 2-9.


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Placing Reading at theCore of Instruction

Listening

Speaking

Reading

Writing

Grammaring


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Placing Reading at theCore of Instruction

Lesson planning verbs:

  • To develop lower-order skills: define, repeat , identify, what, label, when, list, who, name, subdivide, categorize, breakdown, sort, separate

  • To develop higher-order skills: deduce; anticipate; predict what if; infer; apply; speculate; conclude, evaluate, argue, judge, recommend, assess, debate, appraise, critique, defend


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Wilhoit, S. W. (2004). A brief guide to writing from readings, 3rd edition. New York: Pearson.


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A good summary is . . .

Comprehensive—it conveys all the important information in the reading.

Brief—it conveys the information concisely.

Accurate—it correctly conveys the author’s ideas, findings, or arguments.

Neutral—it avoids judgments concerning the reading’s topic or style.

Independent—it makes sense to someone who has not read the source text. (Wilhoit, 2004, p. 71)


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Placing Reading at theCore of Instruction

Listening

Speaking

Reading

Writing

Grammaring


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Integrating Critical Thinking into the Reading Curriculum

Paran (2003) suggests constructing activities that train students to distinguish (1) fact from opinion, (2) supported opinions from unsupported opinions, (3) texts with factual mistakes in them, (4) corroborating information from disconfirming information, and (5) conflicting information within and between texts.

Paran, A. (2003). Helping learners to become critical: How coursebooks can help. In W. A. Renandya (Ed.), Methodology and materials design in language teaching:Current perceptions and practices and their implications, pp. 109-123. Singapore: SEAMEO Regional Language Centre.


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Integrating Critical Thinking into the Reading Curriculum

Paran (2003) recommends providing “two texts that present totally different views on the same matter and invite students to discuss and debate the issue.

Paran, A. (2003). Helping learners to become critical: How coursebooks can help. In W. A. Renandya (Ed.), Methodology and materials design in language teaching:Current perceptions and practices and their implications, pp. 109-123. Singapore: SEAMEO Regional Language Centre.


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Placing Reading at theCore of Instruction

Listening

Speaking

Reading

Writing

Grammaring


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Increasing Literacy Skills byPlacing Reading at the Core

Neil J. Anderson

Brigham Young University

Provo, Utah USA

[email protected]

http://linguistics.byu.edu/andersonn.php


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