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Mediterranean Cuisine. Spain, Italy, Greece and the Middle East. Unit Objectives. To be able to identify and describe the cuisine of Spanish/Italian/Middle Eastern/Greek cuisine To be able to apply food characteristics to real world scenarios via completion of reflection questions

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mediterranean cuisine

Mediterranean Cuisine

Spain, Italy, Greece and the Middle East

unit objectives
Unit Objectives
  • To be able to identify and describe the cuisine of Spanish/Italian/Middle Eastern/Greek cuisine
  • To be able to apply food characteristics to real world scenarios via completion of reflection questions
  • To describe safe food handling techniques, identify components of a recipe, implement proper safety techniques
  • FCS 11.3.B Describe safe food handling techniques
  • FCS 11.3.F Identify components of a basic recipe
  • Geo 7.3.9.B Explain the human characteristics of places and regions by their cultural characteristics
  • CC.1.5.11-12.A Initiate/participate effectively….in discussions
  • CC.1.4.11-12.X Write routinely over extended time frames for a range of purposes.
spanish cuisine
Spanish Cuisine
  • Climate varies by region. North has more rain and cooler temperatures. Much of the country has mild winters and hot dry summer.
  • In 16th century Spanish Christian explorers brought food like tomatoes, sweet peppers, corn, squash, coffee and chocolate to Europe from South America.
  • Celebrations and festivals are important to traditional Spanish culture.
  • Cuisine is relatively simple and relies on fresh ingredients.
  • Food is traditionally slow simmered to blend flavors.
  • Often mix a variety of meats and vegetables into one dish.
ingredients in spain
Ingredients in Spain
  • Wheat, barley, oats, rye and rice.
  • Olives, beans, onion, garlic, mushrooms, asparagus, tomatoes, spinach, cabbage and potatoes.
  • Grapes, oranges, clementines, figs, dates, melons, pomegranates and apples.
  • Wine, saffron (a smoky flavored yellow spice), cinnamon, anise, orange peel, almonds, paprika, cumin, capers, caperberries & olive oil add flavor.
  • Herring, scallops, prawns (large shrimp), anchovies, mussels & whitefish are among the variety of seafood.
  • Beef, lamb, ham and poultry.
spanish recipes
Spanish Recipes
  • Tapas: Appetizers that

vary from simple to elaborate.

Plate of olives to savory pastries.

  • Gazpacho: cold tomato soup. One of many soups popular in Spanish cuisine.
spanish recipes1
Spanish Recipes
  • Chorizo: spicy smoky flavored sausage.
  • Paella: Spanish rice dish which contains a variety of vegetables, meats and plenty of saffron.
spanish recipes2
Spanish Recipes
  • Desserts: Flan (caramel custard), rice pudding & sponge cake.
italian cuisine
Italian Cuisine
  • Expansive coastline makes seafood important to cuisine and economic export.
  • Mountainous rugged terrain limits farming.
  • Roman Catholic church influences diet.
  • Cuisine is varied but simple and relies on fresh ingredients.
  • Regional differences. North uses more dairy, pork and rice. Central cuisine uses more beans and ricotta. Southern dishes rely on tomato sauces, mozzarella cheese and is generally spicier.
common ingredients in italy
Common Ingredients in Italy
  • Pasta, rice, polenta and gnocchi.
  • Tomato, mushrooms, zucchini, eggplant, artichoke, beans, peppers, and spinach.
  • Grapes, lemons, figs, pears, cherries, plums.
  • Parsley, garlic, olive oil, anise, saffron, sage, basil, thyme, sage, rosemary, capers, pinenuts and mint.
  • Clams, mussels, shrimp, sardines, anchovies, squid, tuna. Pork, lamb, veal.
  • Cheese often named after region. Parmesan, Romano, provolone, gorgonzola, ricotta and mozzarella.
  • Strong black coffee and wine consumed daily. Milk is only put in coffee before noon.
italian recipes
Italian Recipes
  • Gelato is the Italian version of ice cream.
  • Risotto is a northern dish

of simmered rice prepared

with a variety of meats and

vegetables often in a creamy sauce.

italian recipes1
Italian Recipes
  • Antipasto means appetizer. It is a colorful cold plate of olives, meats, cheeses and vegetables.
  • Popular American foods with Italian roots include spaghetti, lasagna, cannoli, tiramisu, Minestrone soup, wedding soup, pizza, calzone and water ice.
foods of greece
Foods of Greece
  • Cuisine has a long history. Greeks thought to be some of the earliest people to cook food rather than eat it raw.
  • Extensive coastline and rocky terrain.
  • Greek Orthodox Church influences diet.
  • Easter celebration includes feasts and fasts.
  • Has both European and Middle Eastern influences on cuisine.
ingredients in greece
Ingredients in Greece
  • Pasta, pita bread, bulgur, rice and phyllo dough.
  • Olives (kalamata), capers, honey, lemon juice, basil, cinnamon, dill and oregano flavor foods.
  • Eggplant, zucchini, grape leaves, tomatoes, cucumbers, sweet peppers, red onions, spinach, artichoke and fennel.
  • Citrus fruits, grapes, raisins
  • Goat, chicken and lamb. Various fish & shellfish.
  • Milk is consumed fresh or made into cheese (like feta) or yogurt to keep for longer period of time.
  • Lentils, lima and chickpeas are popular beans.
  • Nuts like pistachios, almonds, walnuts & pinenuts.
greek recipes
Greek Recipes

Dolmades: grape leaves stuffed with seasoned rice and pinenuts.

greek recipes1
Greek Recipes
  • Hummus: spread made with chickpeas, lemon juice, garlic and tahini (sesame seed).
greek recipes2
Greek Recipes
  • Baklava: honey sweetened dessert made by layering phyllo dough and walnuts
greek recipes3
Greek Recipes
  • Moussaka: eggplant and lamb casserole.
  • Green Salad: tomatoes, cucumbers, olives, red onions and feta cheese.
middle eastern cuisine
Middle Eastern Cuisine
  • Includes Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Egypt.
  • Generally dry and arid climate. Hot dry summers and warm wet winters.
  • Some areas along coast line or rivers (Nile, Tigris and Euphrates) will have more fish in diet.
  • Strict dietary laws of Islam and Judaism limits cuisine.
impact of religion on cuisine
Impact of Religion on Cuisine
  • Islamic laws forbid eating certain foods. Forbidden foods include pork, alcohol, sick animals or those slaughtered inhumanely.
  • Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset during the month of Ramadan and on other occasions.
  • In Jewish areas food is kept Kosher by separating meat and dairy products. Foods are processed using strict guidelines. Pork products and shellfish are forbidden.
  • Passover (symbolic seder), Rosh Hashanah (honey cookies, sweet potato pudding), Yom Kippur (fasting) & Chanukah (potato pancakes and doughnuts) are important holidays.
middle eastern foods
Middle Eastern Foods
  • Hummus, olives, caviar, dates, figs, pomegranates, & pita bread.
  • Tabouli: salad of bulgur, parsley and spices.
middle eastern foods1
Middle Eastern Foods
  • Rice Pilaf: Rice dish with tomato & seasoning.
  • Kebabs: Skewered seasoned meat (lamb).
middle eastern foods2
Middle Eastern Foods
  • Coffee is served thick, strong, sweet & spiced.
  • Honey is used in various desserts.
  • Yogurt used in salads and soups.