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MOOCs, OER, Online Learning ... Aren’t They All the Same? Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D. De Anza College & California Community Colleges Chancellor’s Office firstname.lastname@example.org AMATYC 2013
Open Educational Resources (OER) is a catch-all phrase that includes some open textbooks, some Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and some online learning. But some open textbooks, some MOOCs and some online learning are not OER. Learn the similarities, the differences, and how to choose what your students need.
Open Educational Resources (OER) “Teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or repurposing by others.” - U.S Department of Education
or… OER "teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge". - William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Distance Learning “Distance education means instruction in which the instructor and student are separated by distance and interact through the assistance of communication technology...” - CA Title 5, Division 6, Section 55200
MOOCs Massive: > 1000 students Online: videos lectures, automated quizzes, discussions Open: open enrollment but NOT OER Course: learning experience
OER online learning e-text-books MOOCs?
e-textbooks Free, but pass-word OER $$
online learning Free, but pass-word OER $$
OER “Killing” (concerns) Academic Freedom Pressure from legislature Pressure from administration Forced to use cr*% instead of “real” texts Forced to learn to teach differently
OER Enhancing Academic Freedom • provides faculty with more choices for their courses • allows for permission-free editing and adaptation • promotes customization • eliminates forced revisions
MOOC Concerns • Poor instruction quality (why assume this???) • Low Completion rates: 5-15% is typical • Learner support is minimal • Assessment for credit: costs $; in early stages • Sustainability is unknown
Community College MOOCs for non-credit?? • Hundreds of thousands of students taking basic skills & pre-transfer level English, reading, writing, ESL and mathematics courses • Huge subset of above population, at one time, had learned the content using taxpayer $$ • Many just need to review before taking an assessment test for placement
What if … • community college faculty develop and teach pre-transfer level MOOCs • a large subset of the “huge subset” take MOOCs to review content? • a VERY small subset of the “large subset of the huge subset” complete 1 MOOC and place into 1 higher level course in just 1discipline?
Population - pre-transfer level placement students
Very small subset of the large subset of the huge subset… • will save at least one semester to degree completion • will save taxpayers $$ • may beencouraged to take more ownership in their education • may take more than 1 MOOC and multiply their time savings and taxpayer savings
In other words … • if 100,000 students take at least 1 MOOC • if just 6% of MOOC folks complete their course • if this 6% of MOOC folks place into 1 course higher • then, 94% of MOOC students are FAILURES!!!
BUT … … 6000 students have succeeded!!!!!
…. and, so …. … but hoping for …