The Chippewa Indians By: Larissa and Ruby 12/9/2009
Where They Lived • The Chippewa Indians lived in the woodlands of the following states: • Michigan • Wisconsin • Minnesota • Parts of Canada • Small part of North Dakota
What They Ate • Chippewa Indians ate the following: • Maple sugar • Sugar cakes • Fish • Game animals • Blueberries • Chokeberries • June berries • Plants • Manomin (wild rice) • Venison (deer meat) Harvesting rice Spear-fishing
Their Houses • The Chippewa lived in wigwams(circular houses, sometimes 12 feet in diameter; sometimes 6 feet long!) • Wigwams were usually make of wooden pole frames covered with bulrushes(a kind of bark). • A blanket usually covered the doorway. • A fire hole was directly above the fire; it let smoke drift out of the wigwam.
Their Houses(continued) • The Chippewa also slept in teepees(Ruby and Larissa are very sorry, but we couldn’t find any information on Chippewa teepees) Wigwam Real image of a Chippewa bulrush wigwam! Teepee
What they slept on • Chippewa Indians usually slept on thin mattresses made of deer hide and filled with feathers. This was usually put on top of cedar branch frames and used to sleep. This was what they used for beds.
Their Clothing • Clothes were made out of buckskin(deer hide). Jackets were decorated with beadwork. Look below for some examples. Some examples of Chippewa clothing
Chippewa Clothing(continued) More examples of Chippewa clothing Above: Chippewa beadwork
Impact of Europeans • The French and the Chippewa Indians became very friendly with each other. • The British wanted to own the land the Chippewa Indians lived on. • The French helped the Chippewa Indians fight against the British in the French and Indian war.
Beliefs • The Chippewa Indians believed in celebrating ‘pow-wows’- a gathering that lasts for two to four days. • During pow-wows, dancers competed for prizes, everyone tasted varieties of food, people danced for fun, and ceremonies were performed.
Beliefs(continued) • The Chippewa Indians believed in dream catchers, a device made of thread or string with a hole in the center. Dream catchers are used for capturing the bad dreams(which get tangled up in the web) and letting the good dreams pass through(they pass through the hole in the center).
Beliefs(continued) This is an image of a dream catcher
Two Chippewa Symbols Above: symbol means ‘bear dead’ Above: symbol means ‘bear alive’
Conclusion • We worked very hard on this PowerPoint, so we hope that you have learned from and enjoyed our project about the Chippewa/Ojibwa Native Americans.