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Assessment training needs in cattle-rearing

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  1. Assessment training needs in cattle-rearing Conducted in6 CBGs from MAHEMBE Sector Done and Presented by MACO-RWANDA March,2012

  2. Introduction • Executive Summary This training need assessment report outlines has been conducted in Nyamasheke, and particularly how targeted samples results will shape ,in exhaustive image the current detailed understanding of a modern cattle rearing in these 6 CBGs from Mahembe Sector taken as assessment sample .

  3. It includes the results received from both the 26 questionnaires in total and 6focus group sessions conducted by MACO-RWANDA . • It indicates that there is a lack of suitable know- how or professionalism in what their dairy rearing call” Profession” both of 26 participants are fully engaged in agriculture ,it clearly shows how they still far away from an optimized profit income

  4. Another issue that has been evident during this assessment is the differing needs of The smaller and big groups, in money keeping; saving and investments initiations theories, cooperative founds management, most of them still have internal misunderstand on cooperative management. The recommendations and conclusion of this report detail various training proposal on different ways to those with the greatest need.

  5. Aim • The training needs assessment aimed to identify: • Challenges and problems faced by cattle keepers and assess the standard of the practice and the understanding level on modern rearing technology . • Outline the factors undermining the success of Cattle keepers and assess their practices on profit maximization. • What are the gaps between what is required and what exists?

  6. Objectives Objectives were then to: • Analyze the collected data. • Prepare a report detailing findings, recommendations and conclusions. • Presentation of the Assessment report to ADRA.

  7. Methodology • Questionnaire and Group discussion session were used in data collections. • Sample taken is composed by 26 questionnaire respondents and 6 group sessions. distributed in quantities of 11males and 15 females as shown in table below..

  8. Participants

  9. Groups discussion As a follow up to the survey, a focus group sessions was organized, Invitations were sent to each of the questionnaire respondents who had indicated a willingness to participate. aMACO-RWANDA ,field assessor consultant was engaged to facilitate discussion ,1 facilitator for each group/6 Group in total • • The aim of these groups was to use the survey results as a basis and • to gather further detail regarding the goat keeping issues facing • dairy. • • The structure of each session was designed to maximize the potential • to achieve this aim and the hear what they really desire particularly. • .The MACO-RWANDA Facilitator wrote question 10,11 and 12 on the flip-chart and Respondents wrote there discussed answers on a papers. • (See Appendix 2 for the focus group session-Questions discussed .)

  10. • The structure of each session was designed to maximize the potential to achieve this aim and capture what they really desire particularly. The MACO-RWANDA Facilitator wrote question 10,11 and 12 on the flip-chart and Respondents wrote there discussed answers on a papers. • (See Appendix 2 for the focus group session-Questions discussed .)

  11. Target Audience and Responses The quantity of information received has varied. In some cases, the responses have provided little detail, due to the nature of the CBG ; The graph below shows that there has been wide consultation within the 6 groups and the Group size From past experience, we know that there are differences in the requirements and training needs of each of these categories

  12. Datas analysis and interpretations. • Question 1: Structure of the Association/Cooperative [ 6CBG]

  13. Comment1:All of these 6CBGs are well communicating ,as we see on the chart ,the member participation in decision making is fully made, in all CBGs by group members, but only 3 of them have the legal Status ,others are processing to be legal . • Two of these cooperatives ignore the importance of holding a regular account book. do not fill them ,they keep their cows at home and don't find any interest in finance reporting. • A sensitization and Training in Association & Cooperatives accounts books and rapport, importance of working in Registered cooperative is highly needed .

  14. Question 2: Production Phyisical conditions [1,2,3,4,5,6 ]

  15. Comment 2: • Only 30% of the CBGs use Common cowshed , regular vaccination. • 40% of respondents respect Regular Veterianvisit is and their cows take only prescribed medication, • Less than 10% is enabled to use mordenrearring materials, other above 90% of the CBGs members raising ther cows from home. • 70% don,tvaccinate,they also buy and conserve medications on their own decision and use poor material like plastic bath ,plastic baskets,asrearlingunstensils • All these 6 CBS,never used the insemination method, and they all hold local race goats. • Only less than 20% of the respondents is able to feed they cows a varied Alimantion .

  16. Less than 10% is enabled to use modern rearing materials, other above 90% of the CBGs members raising the cows from home. • 70% don't vaccinate ,they also buy and conserve medications on their own decision and use poor material like plastic bath ,plastic baskets ,as rearing utensils • All these 6 CBS, never used the insemination method, and they all hold local race goats. • Only less than 20% of the respondents is able to feed they cows a varied Alimentation

  17. Financial terms [8,9,10]

  18. Comment 3: • Only CBG1 [Abishyizehamwe] has managed to encrease both of the Production parameters[ Numbers of cows,and money] their goats has doubled and they are able to save 25,000Frws/year on the cooperative account. • CBG5[Dukoranumwete] has decreased in number of cows,most of the dead cows ,died after abotion, but at least they managed to have 15,000frws/year. • CBG2,3,6 respectvelly [Abisyizehamwe]and [Abahujumugambi] ,[Zigamiraubuzima]don,tdetrminetheit own annual incomes,theydon,t have to save on the common account,members have free hand on money they sell individually ,and have testified that the milk poduct is to little;theconsurm it and only sell some dung[fumier].

  19. The invariable Cattle, remarked from CBG3 [Abahujumugambi]caused by the high mortally rate ,both these cows aborted ,but they have them since 2011. Still to date they have yet benefited from them. VII. Focus Group Session As a follow up to the survey, a focus group sessions was organized, with a total of 26 attendees from both of CBGS . These were conducted as follows: Each CBG, assisted by one MACO-RWANDA facilitator, responded these 3 question on the Flip –chart.; answers provided will be present in a table bellow.

  20. Question 10,11,12 of the questionaire were discussed in group

  21. Challenges 1- Common challenges • All these 6 ladies CBGS share the listed challenges: • the lack of modern rearing essential materials. • Their cowsheds are not modern. • Minimum production caused by a poor alimentation based on only available herbal plants . • These CBGs have never benefited a Cattle-rearing training until to date. • Don’t practice the regular Check –up from the local available Veterinarian .

  22. Specific challenges/CBG

  23. Recommendations and conclusion Having produced a summary of both the questionnaire and focus groups sessions, the next step has been to analyze and to interpret the results from the data collection ,we have summarize the outcome of the assessment . Some of the conclusions to be drawn from the assessment and corresponding Recommendations are listed below : • modern cattle rearing training Recommendation: All the 6 CBGS assessed are willing to have a modern cattle rearing training. • We here recommend an immediate training in cattle rearing to all CBGs members .

  24. Vaccination and regular check up Recommendation: 2 CBGS respondents testified that they have never practiced the Cow vaccinations,[Dufatanye] and {Abishyizehamwe], they only buy and conserve anyhow medications and sometime they use nature unmeasured herbal juice. • We here recommend a particular training on cattle-Care ,organize a general vaccination campaign to all these 6 CBGS.

  25. Cattle alimentation and hygiene –and reproduction system We have seen only clean CBGS cowshed from Abishyizehamwe , tothers are in poor matieriel they don’t even dispose essential rearing materials,most of them use,home plastic basket and basin to give water We also suggest an introductive course on cowshed construction and specification on rearing essentials materials. According the alimentation, all these Groups feed they animals with plants derivates [banana-lambs,telebusakumu( ) .A particular lesson on cattle-feeding is highly needed. And a study trip too. • ,.

  26. Profit maximization-Saving-notions All these 6CBGS have noticed the importance of legal statute, they all hold cooperative account bank, but they are nt motivated to keep saving on the cooperative account; eve .2 of them don’t even see the importance of a shared saving account and 3 which have managed to annually save an amount .They said the wish to be trained in cooperative management, project elaboration. Here we recommend a session of training in Profit maximization and saving notions.

  27. Conclusion. MACO–RWANDA, in order to be efficient, while assessing the CBGS needs in training ,used 5 qualified field officers, facilitated by ADRA facilitators from MAHEMBE sector. This assessment ,has been exhausted from a sample of 26 respondents taken from respectively in 6CBGS Nyamasheke. The Data collection was been conducted in 2 days as proposed , our staff was guided by ADRA facilitator on each and every site. After the data collection, the supervising team redacted an analyzed and detailing assessment rapport, here presented as proper product of MACO-RWANDA.

  28. Thank you for your attention . Presented by MACO-RWANDA. March ,2012.