Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants csmpp
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CONSERVATION and SUSTAINABLE USE of MEDICINAL PLANTS (CSMPP). Medhin Zewdu Project Coordinator Project objectives. The major objectives of the project are capacity building (IPR & field genebank)

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Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants csmpp


Medhin Zewdu

Project Coordinator

Project objectives
Project objectives

  • The major objectives of the project are capacity building (IPR & field genebank)

  • validation of traditional medicine (safety and efficacy) for treatment of both human and animal disease and;

  • in-situ conservation in and around the Bale Mountains National Park Area.

Detailed activities
Detailed activities

  • Establishing medicinal plants field genebank

  • Developing Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and policy guidelines.

  • Conduct ethnomedical survey to explore utilization of medicinal plants and traditional health practices for the prevention of HIV and mitigation of adverse impacts of AIDS.

  • Conduct research on the propagation and cultivation methods of selected indigenous medicinal plants for human and livestock diseases.


  • Phytochemical studies including, extraction, standardization, safety and efficacy testing, dosage determination and formulation.

  • Development of a National Medicinal Plants Database (NMDP).

  • An in-depth socio-economic survey


  • identify villagers/users having greatest impact on wild populations of medicinal plants through harvesting and other activities and

  • identify villagers/farmers for on-farm pilot propagation & cultivation trials of medicinal plants to reduce pressure from wild populations.


  • An in-depth biological survey and assessment of in-situ and ex-situ conservation, zoning of key areas within the Park

    Development and implementation of appropriate management options and guidelines for sustainable harvesting of medicinal plants.


  • Marketing and utilization of medicinal plants by THPs in and around the Bale Mountains National Park (BMNP).

  • Piloting of farmer based cultivation trials for a selected number of threatened and indigenous medicinal plant species on the boundaries, in home gardens and in buffer zones of the National Park.

  • Training of (a) relevant personnel in the conservation and management of medicinal plants (b) farmers for pilot propagation and cultivation and management.

Expected outputs
Expected outputs

  • Field gene bank established serving research and conservation efforts.

  • Guideline for sustainable harvest of medicinal plants.

  • Cultivation practices of medicinal plants and develop sense of ownership of communities over the resources.


  • Three phytomedicine for human diseases dosage formulated (tapeworm infections, broncho pneumonia and hypertension)

  • Three phytomedicine for animal diseases (tapeworm infections, mastitis and dermatophilosis) developed.

  • IPR policy guideline for sharing IK


  • Project components were described in the absence of clarity as to the detailed activities to be undertaken under each component. Involvement of communities was not designed properly.

  • Communication among the various stakeholders including communities was not strong; both vertical and horizontal

Learning exchange
Learning Exchange

  • SOP experts in China, India and South Korea

  • ESTC team in China

  • IBCR, ESTC, THA, EHNRI & CSMPP in India & Sri Lanka.

Lessons learnt from the exchange
Lessons learnt from the exchange

  • The approach in communities’ involvement

  • Designing income generating activities as incentive

  • Creating market opportunities (Export and local)

  • Formalizing Traditional Medicine; institutional setups.

Sri Lankan Medicinal Plants project:

Lessons learnt
…lessons learnt

  • Institutional set up of traditional medicine

  • Role of Self Help Groups

  • Role of Women in cultivation and production of herbal medicine

  • Role of ITC in PHC

Indian experience: various

Lessons learnt1
..lessons learnt

  • TBGRI linkage with communities

  • Award for the model for benefit sharing

  • Ethnomedical documentation

  • Etc.

Follow up of study tour
Follow-up of study tour

  • 1.      Documentation of IK

  • v     Dynamic farmer based crop genetic resources in-situ conservation project; supported by GEF

  • v     CSMPP in traditional medicine; FVM ethnoveterinary survey in two regions; DDR traditional medicine for human use: book is under publishing


  • 1.      Validation of traditional medicine

  • Safety and efficacy studies by CSMPP

  • Ethnomedical survey by DDR; follow up of the survey being proposed

  • 2.      Training to Traditional Health Practitioners including TBAs

  • Initiative of Women Association of Tigray; 1400 TBAs trained and provided delivery kits


  • 1.      Institutionalizing Traditional medicine

  • v     DDR/EHNRI

  • v     Ethnobiology department within IBCR

  • v     Tigray Health Bureau initiative to integrate the practice…

  • 2.      Certification of THPs

  • v     Initiative of the project (CSMPP) with the MoH

  • v     Incorporating the program in the Annual plan of the MoH for certification and provision of training


  • 1.      Policy issues

  • v     IPR guideline being developed by the ESTC

  • v     Access to genetic resources and community benefit sharing.

  • 2.      In-situ and ex-situ conservation techniques

  • IBCR’s experience, community collaborative works, study tours in different countries, etc.


  • 1.      Dissemination of experience learnt in South Asian countries

  • v     The Report shared with the MoH

  • v     Introductory workshop conducted in four weredas of Bale zone to farmers and officials of the weredas

  • v     Briefly reported on the Annual Review Workshop of the project

  • v     Study tour organized for a group of ten people to TBGRI, first week of May.

Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants csmpp

Next steps
Next steps

  • 1.      Community based home garden establishment

  • 2.      Designing income generating activities for communities (Technical assistance from IUCN)

  • 3.      Seeking consultancy on involvement of CBOs

  • 4.      Registering THPs in the different regions and develop guideline for certification