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Chemicals and toxic waste. Introduction I ) What are toxic waste and what are chemicals 1) Where do they come from ? 2) What does toxic waste contain ? 3) What’s radioactivity ? II ) Consequences on the environment III ) Solutions to reduce toxic waste 1) Select and recycling

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Chemicals and toxic waste

Introduction

I ) What are toxic waste and what are chemicals

1) Where do they come from ?

2) What does toxic waste contain ?

3) What’s radioactivity ?

II ) Consequences on the environment

III ) Solutions to reduce toxic waste

1) Select and recycling

2) Prevention !

IV ) Our opinion about toxic waste

Vocabulary and definition


Chemicals and toxic waste

Human activity produces millions of tons of waste. They are very different :

S.I.W : Special Industrial Waste

Waste : déchets

Yearly : in 365 days


Chemicals and toxic waste

Vital function very different : :

ex: respiratory,heart..

A toxic substance causes desorders of vital function.

S.I.W come from chemicals, steal metallurgy, smelting works industries.

There is : -organic waste

-inorganic waste

-solid mineral waste

Toxic waste can be:

-chemicals of laboratory

-photographic baths

-painting, glues, vernish…

Steal metallurgy :

Industries de métallurgie

Smelting works industries:

Industries de fonderies

Tar : solvants


Chemicals and toxic waste

HEAVY METAL ARE TOXIC !! very different :

  • Heavy metals are cadmium, copper, mercury, plumb, arsenic fluorine…

Photographic baths : bains photographiques

Paintings, vernish, glues:peintures, vernis, colles

Cartridges for printers : cartouches d’imprimante

Heavy metal : métaux lourds

Cyanides: cyanure CN-

Sand of foundry: sable defonderie

Cyanided salts : sels cyanurés


Chemicals and toxic waste

As very different :

Cadmium : Cd

Copper : cuivre Cu

Mercury : mercure Hg

Plumb : plomb Pb

Arsenic : arsenic As

Fluorine : fluor F

Treatements of grapevine : traitements des vignes

Intensive pig breeding : élevage intensif de porcs


Chemicals and toxic waste

DIOXINE very different :

Cremation of ordinary waste


Chemicals and toxic waste

Improve very different : : améliorer Quote : citer

Batteries : piles plumb hose : tuyaux enplomb

Radioactivity is transformation of chimical elements in other more frivolous element.

Radioactivity => dangerous X-rays => matter become ion


Ii consequences on the environment
II) Consequences on the environment very different :

  • Toxic wate => illnesses, asthma, allergies

  • Poisoning by plumb is saturnism digertive problems and development problems for babys

  • Poisoning by asbestos is carcinogenic

    Pregnant woman : femme enceinte

    Asbestos : amiante carcinogenic : cancérigène


Chemicals and toxic waste

Extract of news paper TIME MAGAZINE. very different :

TOXIC WASTE ARE DANGEROUS FOR HUMANS



Chemicals and toxic waste

Acid floors very different : : sols acides

Ground water : nappe phréatique

Guenine : véritable

Health : santé



Chemicals and toxic waste

Butt very different : :1 to 2 years

Piles : more than 50 years

Can : Until a century

Plastic bag : between 100 and 1000 years

Packaging aluminium : approximately 200 years

Glass : 3000 years


Chemicals and toxic waste

* 32% in recycling matters very different :

* 17% in treatment for their elimination

* 51 % in garbage

  • Organic waste are incinerated

  • Inorganic waste are treated physically

  • Solid mineral waste are stored in garbage


Chemicals and toxic waste

Marc very different :

Medhi

Lauriane

The End

MERCI DE NOUS AVOIR ECOUTER !!