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UNECE REGULATORY AND STANDARDS-SETTING WORK IN TRANSPORT. By Olivier Kervella Chief, Dangerous Goods and Special Cargoes Section Transport Division, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). MAJOR AREAS OF STANDARDIZATION (1). TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE (AGR, AGC, AGN, AGTC)

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unece regulatory and standards setting work in transport
UNECE REGULATORY AND STANDARDS-SETTING WORK IN TRANSPORT

By Olivier KervellaChief, Dangerous Goods and Special Cargoes Section

Transport Division, United Nations Economic

Commission for Europe(UNECE)

major areas of standardization 1
MAJOR AREASOF STANDARDIZATION (1)

TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE

(AGR, AGC, AGN, AGTC)

CONSTRUCTION OF ROAD VEHICLES:

  • 1958 and 1998 Agreements:

construction/type approval

  • 1997 Agreement:

Uniform inspections

  • ATP: Perishable foodstuffs vehicles
  • ADR: Dangerous goods vehicles
major areas of standardization 2
MAJOR AREASOF STANDARDIZATION (2)

TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS:

- Classification

- Labelling/Marking

- Packagings

- Tanks

- Vehicles/inland waterway vessels

- Training

- Loading/unloading/transport operations

- Emergency

major areas of standardization 3
MAJOR AREASOF STANDARDIZATION (3)

INLAND NAVIGATION:

  • Construction of inland navigation vessels
  • European Code for Inland Waterways (CEVNI)
  • Signs and Signals on Inland Waterways (SIGNI)
major areas of standardization 4
MAJOR AREASOF STANDARDIZATION (4)

ROAD TRAFFIC SAFETY

  • Signs and signals
  • Road traffic
  • Work of crew (AETR) (Digital tachograph)

CONTRACT OF CARRIAGE (ROAD TRANSPORT)

  • Goods: CMR

TRANSPORT FACILITATION

  • Harmonization of customs/border crossing procedures (TIR, harmonization of frontier controls, etc.)
means of standardization 1
MEANSOF STANDARDIZATION (1)
  • RECOMMENDATIONS
  • RESOLUTIONS
  • LEGAL INSTRUMENTS

- Agreements/Conventions

- Regulations/Technical annexes

means of standardization 2
MEANSOF STANDARDIZATION (2)
  • RECOMMENDATIONS

Addressed to governments or International organizations

Advantages: Not binding

Flexible

Easy to negotiate

Easy to update

Disadvantages:

Not binding

Do not guarantee harmonization

Difficult to monitor implementation

means of standardization 3
MEANSOF STANDARDIZATION (3)
  • RECOMMENDATIONS (cont’d)

When?

-Consensus difficult to achieve

- Politically sensitive issues

- National solutions preferred

- Standard not indispensable to international transport

- Other international organizations competent and involved

- Other international legal instruments in place

Examples

- Inland navigation

- Dangerous goods

means of standardization 4
MEANSOF STANDARDIZATION (4)
  • RESOLUTIONS

Same as recommendations, higher status

(ITC or Treaty bodies)

Advantages: Same as recommendations

Better commitment from Member States for implementation

Disadvantages: Same as recommendations

When? Urgent need for action by Member States

Interpretation/clarification of conventions

means of standardization 5
MEANSOF STANDARDIZATION (5)
  • LEGAL INSTRUMENTS (Agreements, Conventions)

- Legally binding

(expression of consent to be bound)

- Supplemented by technical annexes/regulations

. Integral part and same status (e.g. Annexes to ADR; or)

. Separate status (e.g. Regulations annexed to the 1958 Agreement)

means of standardization 6
MEANSOF STANDARDIZATION (6)
  • LEGAL INSTRUMENTS

- Advantages

Good implementation

Harmonization of rules/regulations/standards

Reciprocal recognition (in most cases)

Cooperation between Contracting Parties for implementation

- Disadvantages

Long negotiations

Long legal procedures (adoption, amendments)

means of standardization 7
MEANSOF STANDARDIZATION (7)
  • LEGAL INSTRUMENTS

When?

-High level of safety needed and better achieved through strong political commitment

(vehicles, road traffic safety)

- High level of safety required for international transport (dangerous goods)

- Harmonization necessary for global trade

(construction of vehicles)

- Harmonization necessary to international transport facilitation (customs conventions,

ATP, ADR)

procedures for developing regulations standards 1
PROCEDURES FOR DEVELOPINGREGULATIONS/STANDARDS (1)
  • ADOPTION BY WORKING PARTIES

1. Proposals by Governments/IGOs/NGOs

2. Discussion by Working Parties (WPs)

Search of consensus

3. Discussion by group of experts/

informal groups

4. Discussion by WPs

5. Adoption by WPs

- by consensus; or

- by vote (majority UNECE members present and voting)

procedures for developing regulations standards 2
PROCEDURES FOR DEVELOPINGREGULATIONS/STANDARDS (2)
  • ADOPTION BY WORKING PARTIES (cont’d)

6. Text adopted may be issued as

- a recommendation/resolution

(by WPs or ITC)

- a proposal of amendment/new regulation to existing legal instrument

- a proposed new legal instrument

7.End of the procedure for recommendations/resolutions

Beginning of legal procedure for legal instruments

procedures for developing regulations standards 3
PROCEDURES FOR DEVELOPINGREGULATIONS/STANDARDS (3)

B. NEW LEGAL INSTRUMENT

- Proposed text adopted by WPs submitted to:

- ITC (for adoption by consensus)

- Diplomatic conference (consensus or 2/3 majority vote)

- Text adopted submitted by SG to

- UNECE Member States, or

- UN Member States

for signature, ratification, etc.

- Entry into force

(Conditions determined by legal instrument)

procedures for developing regulations standards 4
PROCEDURES FOR DEVELOPINGREGULATIONS/STANDARDS (4)

C. AMENDMENTS TO EXISTING LEGAL INSTRUMENTS (technical annexes and annexed regulations)

- Depend on procedure determined by legal instrument

- Proposed amendments submitted to Contracting Parties

- by WPs through one Contracting Party and SG

- by WPs through Administrative Committees (adoption) and SG

- Tacit amendment procedure (Possibility of objection)

procedures for developing regulations standards 5
PROCEDURES FOR DEVELOPINGREGULATIONS/STANDARDS (5)

C. AMENDMENTS TO EXISTING LEGAL INSTRUMENTS(cont’d)

- Agreement itself: more complex procedure

. Amendment requires preliminary adoption by administrative committee or diplomatic conference

cooperation with standardization bodies 1
COOPERATION WITH STANDARDIZATION BODIES (1)

ISO, IEC, CEN: non mandatory standards

- Application may be made mandatory

by reference in UNECE legal instruments

EU: New approach directives

- EU directives: Essential requirements

- EN standards: Developed to facilitate compliance with essential requirements

cooperation with standardization bodies 2
COOPERATION WITH STANDARDIZATION BODIES (2)

Cooperation UNECE/CEN and UNECE/ISO

- ADR/RID/ADN (dangerous goods):

Essential requirements plus standards

- ISO and CEN: Develop ISO and EN standards

- UNECE check complianceof EN standards and ISO standards with RID/ADR/ADN

- CEN and ISO revise draft standards

- References to ISO/EN standards introduced in RID/ADR/ADN

. To replace existing provisions; or

. As an acceptable means to comply with essential requirements

regulatory and standard unece standardization work transport
REGULATORY AND STANDARDUNECE standardization workTRANSPORT

END

By Olivier Kervella,

Chief, Dangerous Goods and Special Cargoes Section

Transport Division, United Nations Economic

Commission for Europe(UNECE)