Veronica Brock, Ph.D. student Walden University PUBH 8165-x Instructor: Dr. Raymond Thron Summer, 2012. Campylobacter jejuni and you.
Campylobacter jejuni and you
This presentation focuses on methods to increase the publics knowledge of campylobacter jejuni in the community. It offers some suggestions on how to prevent the spread of this bacteria. This presentation is directed to the conventional consumer.
One of the most common causes of bacterial diarrhea in the United States is Campylobacter, with over 2 million cases each year (Center for Disease Control, 2011).
Campylobacter jejuni (C jejuni) is accountable for more than 90% of human campylobacteriosis (Hwang, Jeon, Yun, & Ryu, 2011)
Most people who become infected with C. jejuni develop fever, diarrhea and abdominal cramping within three to five days of exposure (Center for Disease Control, 2010). Stools may be bloody. The course of the infection may last 7-10 days (Food Safety.Gov).
Although rare, studies have established a relationship between Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) and C. jejuni infection, which showed that one-fourth to one-third of GBS patients developed the syndrome after being infected (Yuki, et al., 2004).
Most cases are isolated sporadic events, caused by eating raw or uncooked food, not as outbreaks (Center for Disease Control, 2010)
Fluoroquinolone resistance is now recognized as an emerging public health problem (Engberg, Aarestrup, Taylor, Gerner-Smidt, & Nachamkin, 2001)
There is evidence that an acquired immunity has been obtained from studies in industrialized countries.
Agencies working to prevent the spread of
Preventing the spread of infection would include washing surfaces between cutting foods, washing your hands frequently, thoroughly cooking meats.
For more information on causes and preventing C. jejuni visit these websites
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2003, February). Emerging Infectious Diseases. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from Floroquinolone Resistance in Campylobacter jejuni isolates in travelers returning to Finland. Association of ciprofloxacin resistance to travel destination: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/9/2/02-0227_article.htm
Center for Disease Control. (2010, July 20). National center for emerging and zoonotic infections diseases. Retrieved July 1, 2012, from Center for disease control and prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/campylobacter/
Center for Disease Control. (2011, February 9). PulseNet Pathogens-Campylobacter jejuni. Retrieved July 1, 2012, from Center for disease control and prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/pulsenet/pathogens_pages/campylobacter_jejuni.htm
Engberg, J., Aarestrup, F. M., Taylor, D. E., Gerner-Smidt, P., & Nachamkin, I. (2001). Quinolone and Mcrolide resistance in Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli: Resistance mechanisms and trends in human isolates. Emerging Infectious Diseases , 24-34.
Food Safety.Gov. (n.d.). Food poisoning-Causes. Retrieved July 1, 2012, from Campylobacter: http://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/causes/bacteriaviruses/campylobacter/index.html
Hermans, D., Van Deun, K., Martel, A., Van Immerseel, F., Messens, W., Heyndrickx, M., et al. (2011). Colonization factors of Campylobacter jejuni in the chicken gut. Veterinary Research , DOI:10.1186/1297-9716-42-82.
Hwang, S., Jeon, B., Yun, J., & Ryu, S. (2011). Roles of RpoN in the resistance of Campylobacter jejuni under various stress conditions. BMC Microbiology , DOI:10.1186/1471-2180-11-207.
U.S. Food and drug Administration. (2012, April 3). BBB-Campylobacter jejuni. Retrieved July 1, 2012, from Foodborne pathogenic microorgnisms and national toxins handbook: http://www.fda.gov/food/foodsafety/foodborneillness/foodborneillnessfoodbornepathogensnaturaltoxins/badbugbook/ucm070024.htm
United Stated Department of Agriculture. (2011, August 17). Fact Sheets: Foodborne Illness & disease. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from Food Safety and Inspection Service: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Factsheets/Campylobacter_Questions_and_Answers/index.asp
United Stated Department of Agriculture. (n.d.). Research Projects Database. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from National Research Database: http://fsrio.nal.usda.gov/nal_web/fsrio/advsearch.php?PROJECT_KEYWORDS=campylobacter&SEARCHTYPES=PROJECT_KEYWORDS&MATCHTYPE=ALLWORDS&investigator=&cat_mode=or&f2t_cat_mode=or&limit=10&VIEWTYPE=BRIEF&submit=Search&_qf__usersearch=true&offset=0
Viray, M., & Lynch, M. (2011, July 1). Travelers Health: Chapter 3 Infectious Disease. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from Center for Disease Control and Prevention: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2012/chapter-3-infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/campylobacter-enteritis.htm
Yuki, N., Susuki, K., Koga, M., Nishimoto, Y., Odaka, M., Hirata, K., et al. (2004). Carbohydrate mimicry between human ganglioside GM1 and campylobacter jejuni lipooligosaccharide causes Gullian-Barre syndrome. Immunology , DOI:10.1073/pnas.0402391101.