Afghanistan War. 2001-Present. Osama bin Laden & Al Qaeda. Afghanistan fought Soviets during ‘80s After war, chaos led to rise of Taliban
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Taliban- — n(in Afghanistan) a fundamentalist Islamic army: in 1996 it defeated the ruling mujaheddin factions and seized control of the country; overthrown in 2001 by US-led forces, although resistance continues, esp in the south
Osama bin Laden fought Soviets during 80s and returned in 90s, goal of ridding all Muslim countries of Western Influence
Bin Laden planned attacks on US embassies in Africa in 1998, on our radar & we attacked him
History.com, “The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda terrorist organization, they were allegedly acting in retaliation for America's support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East.”
Bush and many Americans see the attack as an act of war: "We will make no distinction between the terrorists who committed these acts and those who harbor them."
American led (British backed) invasion of Afghanistan began October 7, 2001
Taliban quickly thrown out of power
Bin Laden fled to mountainous border region, then later Pakistan
Democratic government established, but riddled with corruption and unable to secure population
NATO use approve by UN - “NATO’s primary objective in Afghanistan is to enable the Afghan authorities to provide effective security across the country in order to ensure Afghanistan can never again be a safe haven for terrorists. To achieve this goal, the 50 nations that make up the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) conduct security operations and train and develop the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF).”