Semicolons & Colons . Use a semicolon to connect independent clauses when the independent clauses are not connected by a conjunction. Incorrect : The students entered the room, the ACT booklets were handed out. Correct: The students entered the room; the ACT booklets were handed out.
Use a semicolon to connect independent clauses when the independent clauses are not connected by a conjunction.
[These two clauses are connected by a conjunction.]
The clause on either side of the semicolon must be a complete sentence.
Never use a semicolon with a dependent clause.
The worst pandemic in history , the bubonic plague swept through Eurasia during the 1300s and killed nearly one in three people over 200 million.
Frequently, you will see two independent clauses joined by a semicolon and a transitional adverb (such as consequently, however, furthermore, indeed, moreover, nevertheless, therefore, and thus).
Common Transitional Expressions
as a result for example for instance in fact
in addition in conclusion in other words that is
A transitional expression show s how ideas fit together.
It makes a connection between the ideas in
two independent clauses and is followed by a comma.
Choral read S circle
The semicolon replaces the comma as the structural backbone of a series if the items already contain commas.
Colons are used after complete sentences to introduce related information that usually comes in the form of a list, an explanation, or a quotation. When you see a colon, you should know to expect elaborating information.
The wedding had all the elements to make it a classic: the elegant bride, the weeping mother, and the fainting bridesmaids.
My room is frequently contaminated by my younger siblings, which can last for several hours.