Semicolons & Colons

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# Semicolons & Colons - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Semicolons & Colons . Use a semicolon to connect independent clauses when the independent clauses are not connected by a conjunction. Incorrect : The students entered the room, the ACT booklets were handed out. Correct: The students entered the room; the ACT booklets were handed out.

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### Semicolons & Colons

Use a semicolon to connect independent clauses when the independent clauses are not connected by a conjunction.

• Incorrect: The students entered the room, the ACT booklets were handed out.
• Correct: The students entered the room; the ACT booklets were handed out.
• Incorrect: The bird soared the fish swam.
• Correct: The bird soared; the fish swam.
• Incorrect: Henry finished studying for the ACT; but he still had to take the test.
• Correct: Henry finished studying for the ACT, but he still had to take the test.

[These two clauses are connected by a conjunction.]

The clause on either side of the semicolon must be a complete sentence.

• The night before the SAT, Ken stayed up till midnight.

Never use a semicolon with a dependent clause.

• Incorrect: Before he went home; Henry returned the Amsco ACT book to the library.
• Correct: Before he went home, Henry returned the Amsco ACT book to the library.

The worst pandemic in history , the bubonic plague swept through Eurasia during the 1300s and killed nearly one in three people over 200 million.

• A. no change
• B. nearly 1 in 3 people; over 200 million
• C. over 200 million; nearly 1 in 3 people.
• D . Over 200 million; nearly 1 in 3 people died.

Frequently, you will see two independent clauses joined by a semicolon and a transitional adverb (such as consequently, however, furthermore, indeed, moreover, nevertheless, therefore, and thus).

• Julie ate five brownies; however, Eileen ate seven.
• Josh needed to buy peas; thus he ran to the market.

Common Transitional Expressions

as a result for example for instance in fact

in addition in conclusion in other words that is

A transitional expression show s how ideas fit together.

It makes a connection between the ideas in

two independent clauses and is followed by a comma.

The semicolon replaces the comma as the structural backbone of a series if the items already contain commas.

• The tennis tournament featured the surprise comeback player, Koch, who dropped out last year due to injuries;the up-and-coming star Popp, who dominated the junior tour;and the current favorite, Farrington, who won five of the last six tournaments.

Colons are used after complete sentences to introduce related information that usually comes in the form of a list, an explanation, or a quotation. When you see a colon, you should know to expect elaborating information.

The wedding had all the elements to make it a classic: the elegant bride, the weeping mother, and the fainting bridesmaids.

Place a colon after an independent clause to introduce a list or illustration.
• Incorrect: Bring these items to the ACT, an admission ticket, pencils, erasers, and a
• watch.
• Correct: Bring these items to the ACT: an admission ticket, pencils, erasers, and a watch.
• Incorrect: There is only one necessary personal trait, perseverance.
• Correct: There is only necessary personal trait: perseverance.
• WRONG: The ingredients I need to make a cake: flour, butter, sugar, and icing.
• RIGHT: I need several ingredients to make a cake: flour, butter, sugar, and icing.

Do not use a colon in these examples:

• Incorrect: You should bring: an admission ticket, pencils, erasers, and a watch to the
• ACT.
• Correct: You should bring an admission ticket, pencils, erasers, and a watch to the ACT.

There Should Never Be More Than One Colon in a Sentence.

• WRONG: He brought many items on the camping trip: a tent, a sleeping bag, a full cooking set, warm clothes, and several pairs of shoes: sneakers, boots, and sandals.
• RIGHT: He brought many items on the camping trip: a tent, a sleeping bag, a full cooking set, warm clothes, sneakers, boots, and sandals.

My room is frequently contaminated by my younger siblings, which can last for several hours.

• A. siblings, which can last for several hoursB. siblings that can last for several hoursC. siblings it can last for several hoursD. siblings, while contamination can last several hoursE. siblings; the contamination can last for several hours