LESSON A: 3-Step Method ACT English
SteP 1: Read efficiently *Pause at each underline portion *Identify the issue and then go to the question.
STEP 2: PREDICT & ELIMINATE Read the answer choices looking for the pattern Rule out choices that don’t address the issue
STEP 3: PLUG IN *Test your answer in the sentence *This step may be skipped when you’ve the first two steps and the answer seems quite obvious.
LESSON B: GRAMMAR QUESTIONS Word Choice, Verb Tense, and Idiom issues
Questions about word choice These questions ask you to find the right subject-verb agreement, pronoun agreement, or use of words in context.
Subject-Verb Agreement • The train whistle in the station. • The train whistles in the station.
Pronoun Agreement • The players and his or her coaches celebrated the end of the season at a banquet. • The players and their coaches celebrated the end of the season at a banquet.
Questions about Verb Tenses • At the zoo, Minh watched the otters. They are playing, swimming, and eating. • While the boy has been at school, his little sister colored on his desk. • At the zoo, Minh watched the otters. They were playing, swimming, and eating. • While the boy was at school, his little sister colored on his desk.
Questions About Idioms • Our senior economics seminar is much like a debating a club than a high-school class. • Everyone regarded him to be a genius. • Our senior economics seminar is more like a debating club than a high-school class. • Everyone regarded him as a genius.
Lesson C: Style Questions Conjunctions and Wordiness
Conjunctions • Conjunction questions will be asking you to choose a conjunction because one is missing or the one used does not fit the meaning of the whole sentence.
Examples • She is allergic to flowers, she always buys bouquets for presents. • She is allergic to flowers, yet she always buys bouquets for presents. • Liliana studied diligently, yet she wanted to become a physician. • Liliana studied diligently, because she wanted to become a physician.
Wordiness Questions • AC T-wordiness questions are asking you to choose the most concise way to express an idea. • There are different reasons a sentence could be too wordy: too many words; repetitive words’ or there are words (or whole sentences) that are irrelevant.
Examples • Regardless of the fact that it is two below zero, the mail has to be delivered. • Although it is two below zero, the mail still has to be delivered. • The baby fussed and cried and sobbed and made a lot of noise. • The baby cried loudly. • Tessa was quite happy to be at her grandparents’ again, and it was very cloudy. • * Omit underlined portion.