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Creating and Printing Ad-Hoc Queries from the Tivoli Desktop. Martin Jones DFAS-ISO/Infrastructure Engineering. Our Environment. Hub TMR: 1 (Solaris). Spoke TMRs: 6 (Solaris). Gateways: 40 (NT). Inventory Databases: 1 (Oracle) Total workstations: 18,989 Tivoli Desktops: ~100. DFAS.

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Creating and printing ad hoc queries from the tivoli desktop

Creating and Printing Ad-Hoc Queries from the Tivoli Desktop

Martin Jones

DFAS-ISO/Infrastructure Engineering


Our environment
Our Environment

  • Hub TMR: 1 (Solaris).

  • Spoke TMRs: 6 (Solaris).

  • Gateways: 40 (NT).

  • Inventory Databases: 1 (Oracle)

  • Total workstations: 18,989

  • Tivoli Desktops: ~100


Dfas infrastructure

DFAS

TMRs

DFAS Infrastructure

Database

FSO

CL

CO

DE

IN

KC

ISO

CL(3)

CO(3)

DE(3)

IN(4)

KC(1)

OMD

DCH

DDY

DGK

EPET

DJP

DLI

DLW

HQ

DNF

DOM

DLX

Gateways

FPE

DOK

DSA

DOR

SPR

DPC

DSB

DRI

DPE

DRO

DSD

DSL

DSS


How we started
How We Started

  • Focus on Inventory.

  • Periodic scans collect hardware and software (.exe only).

  • Standard queries created based on user requests.

  • Users access Inventory data via Tivoli desktop.

  • Users are not allowed to edit queries.


In the beginning
In the Beginning...

  • Users were given Tivoli desktops with standard queries already defined.

  • Users wanted to use the Inventory query output in reports.

  • The Tivoli desktop does NOT provide a way to view Inventory query output.




The first solution
The First Solution

  • Allow the standard queries to be run as jobs.

  • Let the users run these jobs.

  • Produce output in a semicolon delimited format that can be copied to a spreadsheet.


Run a query from a perl script
Run a Query from a Perl Script

#!/etc/Tivoli/bin/perl

# This script takes a query name as input and runs it.

# Read input

$query=@ARGV[0];

chop($query);

# Source the Tivoli Environment

grep(do{chop;s/(.*)=(.*)/$ENV{$1}=$2/e;},`. /etc/Tivoli/setup_env.sh;env`);

@Results=`wrunquery -d ";" "$query"`;

print @Results;


Wrap the perl script into a task
Wrap the Perl Script into a Task

TaskLibrary "FSO_Inventory_Tasks"

{

Distribute = "ALI";

Version = "1.0";

Requires = ">2.5";

Context = "*";

HelpMessage = "Inventory queries delimited with semicolons.";

ArgLayout Query {

Choice Program {

Implementation ("default")

.#/bin/sh

.wlookup -Lar Query | grep fso-qry

.exit 0

;

};

};

Task FSO_Inventory_Query

{

Description = "Displays inventory queries in semicolon delimited format.";

HelpMessage = "Cut and paste output into Excel spreadsheet.";

Roles = "user";

Uid = "$root_user";

Gid = "tivoli";

Argument ("_!_", "Query to run", 1)

{

Layout = "Query";

};

Implementation ("default") Binary "/var/spool/Tivoli/tasks/INVENTORY/db-query.pl";

};

}


Create task library task and job
Create Task Library, Task, and Job

#!/bin/sh

# the user will need the following rights to run this job

# global user,Query_execute,RIM_view

# fso-tmr-inventory-region Query_edit

ALI_OID=`wlookup ServerManagedNode`

eval SERVER=`idlcall $ALI_OID _get_label`

POLICYREGION="fso-library-region"

TL="FSO_Inventory_Tasks"

wlookup -r PolicyRegion "$POLICYREGION" > /dev/null 2>&1

if [ $? != 0 ]

then

echo "The policy region $POLICYREGION does not exist"

exit 1

fi

echo "Creating TaskLibrary..."

wtll -rp "$POLICYREGION" -P /usr/ccs/lib/cpp $TL.tll

echo "Creating FSO_Inventory_Query_Job..."

wcrtjob -j FSO_Inventory_Query_Job -l $TL -t FSO_Inventory_Query -M serial -m 600 -o 15 -D -h @ManagedNode:$SERVER

exit 0







User rights required
User Rights Required

$ wgetadmin lmtduser@fso-ms-w-tmn1

Administrator: Limited User on fso-ms-w-tmn1

logins: lmtduser@fso-ms-w-tmn1

roles: security_group_any_admin user

Limited User on fso-ms-w-tmn1 admin, user, rconnect

global user, Query_execute, RIM_view

notice groups:


The next opportunity
The Next Opportunity...

  • Our security community requested scans for .jpg, .gif, .mov, and .mpg files.


Next opportunity issues
Next Opportunity Issues

  • They do not have standard files to search for (ie. anna.jpg or winproj.exe), so no standard queries.


Run the query from the perl script
Run the Query from the Perl Script

#!/etc/Tivoli/bin/perl

if ($#ARGV == -1) {

print "Search string required for processing.\n";

exit 1;

}

($Name) = @ARGV;

$Site = "FSC";

$Name =~ tr/a-z/A-Z/;

$output1 = `wsetquery -w \"(TME_OBJECT_LABEL like '%"$Site"%' and FULL_FILE_NAME like '%$Name%')\"

qry-fso-adhoc 2>&1`;

if (!$?) {

$output2 = `wrunquery -d \";\" qry-fso-adhoc 2>&1`;

if (!$?) {

print "$output2\n";

}else{

print "Error with query output : $?\n";

}

}else{

print "Error with set query : $?\n";

}


Wrap the perl script into a task1

TaskLibrary "FSO_Inventory_Tasks"

{

Distribute = "ALI";

Version = "1.0";

Requires = ">2.5";

Context = "*";

HelpMessage = "Inventory queries delimited with semicolons.";

ArgLayout Query {

Choice Program {

Implementation ("default")

.#/bin/sh

.wlookup -Lar Query | grep fso-qry

.exit 0

;

};

};

ArgLayout TextField {

Text;

};

Task FSO_Inventory_Query

{

Description = "Displays inventory queries in semicolon delimited format.";

HelpMessage = "Cut and paste output into Excel spreadsheet.";

Roles = "user";

Uid = "$root_user";

Gid = "tivoli";

Argument ("_!_", "Query to run", 1)

{

Layout = "Query";

};

Implementation ("default") Binary "/var/spool/Tivoli/tasks/INVENTORY/db-query.pl";

};

Task FSO_AdHoc_Query

{

Description = "Queries all software for FSO workstations.";

HelpMessage = "Cut and paste output into Excel spreadsheet. Semicolon delimited.";

Roles = "user";

Uid = "$root_user";

Gid = "tivoli";

Argument ("_!_", "String to search for:", 1)

{

Layout = "TextField";

};

Implementation ("default") Binary "/var/spool/Tivoli/tasks/INVENTORY/fso-qry-adhoc.pl";

};

}

Wrap the Perl Script into a Task




User rights required1
User Rights Required

$ wgetadmin lmtduser@fso-ms-w-tmn1

Administrator: Limited User on fso-ms-w-tmn1

logins: lmtduser@fso-ms-w-tmn1

roles: security_group_any_admin user

Limited User on fso-ms-w-tmn1 admin, user, rconnect

global user, Query_execute, RIM_view

fso-tmr-inventory-region Query_edit

notice groups:




What about the db view
What About the DB View

INSTALLED_FILE_VIEW

select

C.TME_OBJECT_ID,

C.TME_OBJECT_LABEL,

I.*

from

INSTALLED_UNKNOWN_FILE I,

COMPUTER_SYSTEM C

where

I.HARDWARE_SYSTEM_ID =

(select HARDWARE_SYSTEM_ID from COMPUTER_SYSTEM

where TME_OBJECT_LABEL = C.TME_OBJECT_LABEL)


Creating the jobs from cli
Creating the Jobs from CLI

#!/bin/sh

# the user will need the following rights to run this job

# global user,Query_execute,RIM_view

# fso-tmr-inventory-region Query_edit

ALI_OID=`wlookup ServerManagedNode`

eval SERVER=`idlcall $ALI_OID _get_label`

POLICYREGION="fso-library-region"

TL="FSO_Inventory_Tasks"

wlookup -r PolicyRegion "$POLICYREGION" > /dev/null 2>&1

if [ $? != 0 ]

then

echo "The policy region $POLICYREGION does not exist"

exit 1

fi

echo "Creating TaskLibrary..."

wtll -rp "$POLICYREGION" -P /usr/ccs/lib/cpp $TL.tll

echo "Creating FSO_Inventory_Query_Job..."

wcrtjob -j FSO_Inventory_Query_Job -l $TL -t FSO_Inventory_Query -M serial -m 600 -o 15 -D -h @ManagedNode:$SERVER

echo "Creating FSO_AdHoc_Query_Job..."

wcrtjob -j FSO_AdHoc_Query_Job -l $TL -t FSO_AdHoc_Query -M serial -m 1200 -o 15 -D -h @ManagedNode:$SERVER

exit 0




Issues and concerns
Issues and Concerns

  • This solution does not address all reporting needs.

    • Spreadsheet row limit ~ 65,500.

    • We have 13,524,855 .exe files (710 per workstation).

    • We have 3,657,066 .jpg files (191 per workstation).

    • We have 17,047,029 .gif files (894 per workstation ).

  • All queries flow through 1 RIM per TMR.

  • WAN affects query time.

  • Jobs may time-out before query returns.


Next steps
Next Steps

  • Eliminate the RIM interface by using SQL*Plus.

  • Target specific directories during the software scans.

  • Reduce the query output by filtering on the endpoint’s label.


Summary
Summary

  • Small investment in time results in big user benefits.

  • Perl scripts and the Tivoli Task Library Language can be used to make standard queries printable.

  • Further Perl scripting can be used to modify a ‘where’ clause and give the illusion of an Ad-Hoc query that is printable.


References
References

  • Tivoli Task Library Language Developer’s Guide - Version 3.6.1, https://www.tivoli.com/secure/support/Prodman/html/framework.html

  • Advanced Task Management by Simon Barnes, OrbData, http://www.orb-data.co.uk/technical-layout.html


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