Middle Passage - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Middle Passage

  2. Caribbean Sugar Plantations Slave labor on a sugar plantation in the West Indies. Cane taken to vertical crushing mill powered by oxen. Juice extracted flows to boiling house where liquid is boiled and refined.

  3. Molasses to…. • Byproduct of sugar production; made into a powerful alcoholic drink--RUM • Started on British island of Barbados in 1600s • What was the advantage of rum production to sugar growers?

  4. …Rum • Not much extra cost to manufacture • Given to slaves for ration and reward • Sailors like it (good for H2O) and easier to transport. • Used to trade with Africans for slaves • Becomes a drink of the poor—why? • New England imports molasses and distills its own rum North America pulled into the triangle trade.

  5. “Triangle Trade” or “Columbian Exchange”

  6. Potatoes!

  7. Irish Potato Famine 1845-1850 • Ireland’s population drops: 8 million to 5 million • Disease, starvation kill 1 million • 2 million emigrate to U.S., Canada, and Australia

  8. Potatoes around the world