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Justinian and the Byzantine Empire . Reign of Justinian. 5 th century, Eastern Roman empire was centered around Constantinople Justinian became emperor in 527/ determined to reestablish the Roman empire in the Mediterranean/ reached his goals by 552. Constantinople. Life in Constantinople.

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Reign of justinian
Reign of Justinian

  • 5th century, Eastern Roman empire was centered around Constantinople

  • Justinian became emperor in 527/ determined to reestablish the Roman empire in the Mediterranean/ reached his goals by 552

Life in constantinople
Life in Constantinople

  • Largest city in Europe in the Middle Ages

  • Based on trade until the 12th century/ Europe’s greatest center of Commerce

  • During Justinian’s reign, silkworms were smuggled from China to begin a silk industry

  • Hagia Sophia = church of Holy Wisdom

  • Hippodrome = arena where gladiator fights & chariot races were held

Justinian and theodora
Justinian and Theodora

Autocrat – ruler who has complete authority

  • Justinian ruled as an autocrat with the help of Theodora. Created a huge Christian empire

  • Empire reached its greatest size

Justinian and theodora1
Justinian and Theodora

  • Built Hagia Sophia

  • Rebuilt the Hippodrome

Justinian and theodora2
Justinian and Theodora

  • Justinian created the Body of Civil Law = code of Roman laws that was the basis of imperial law in Eastern Roman empire until its end in 1453

  • Aka Justinian’s Code

Justinian s code of laws
Justinian’s Code of Laws

  • Laws were fairer to women. They could own property and raise their own children after their husbands died.

  • Children allowed to choose their own marriage partners.

  • Slavery was legal and slaves must obey their masters.

  • Punishments were detailed and fit the crime

  • His work inspired the modern concept and, indeed, the very spelling of "justice".

Beginning of byzantine empire
Beginning of Byzantine Empire

  • Justinian’s conquest left Eastern Roman empire with too much land to protect far from Constantinople

  • Arab Muslims were the biggest threat to Eastern Roman Empire

  • Islamic forces defeated an army of Eastern Roman at Yarmuk in 636 & lost Syria & Palestine

  • 679, Bulgars defeated the Eastern Roman empire & took possession of the lower Danube Valley

  • 8th century, Eastern Roman empire was much smaller (Asia minor & eastern Balkans)

Byzantine empire
Byzantine Empire

  • Both a Greek & Christian state

  • Greek replaced Latin as the official language

  • Christian church became known as Eastern Orthodox Church

  • Byzantine emperor controlled the church & the state

  • Emperor appointed the head of the church

  • Government & religious officials were all bound together in the service of a spiritual ideal

Byzantine empire1
Byzantine Empire

  • Macedonians ruled the Byzantine Empire from 876-1081

  • Macedonians expanded the empire

  • Expanded trade relations w/ Western Europe

  • Late 11th century = lot of political & social disorder

Justinian and the byzantine empire

Byzantine Art: Mosaics

and Illuminated Manuscripts

The end of the byzantine empire
The End of the Byzantine Empire

  • The Byzantine empire drew to a close in 1453 when forces from the Muslim Ottoman Empire surrounded and conquered Constantinople.

  • The ancient Christian city was renamed Istanbul and became the capital of the Ottoman Empire.