1. What are the different types of camera angles? Eye-Level: this is the most common view, being the real-world angle that we are all used to. It shows subjects as we would expect to see them in real life. It is a fairly neutral shot. High Angle- A high angle shows the subject from above, i.e. the camera is angled down towards the subject. This has the effect of diminishing the subject, making them appear less powerful, less significant or even submissive. Low Angle-This shows the subject from below, giving them the impression of being more powerful or dominant. Bird's Eye- The scene is shown from directly above. This is a completely different and somewhat unnatural point of view which can be used for dramatic effect or for showing a different spatial perspective. Slanted- Also known as a dutch tilt a is purposely tilted to one side so the horizon is on an angle.
Shots Types • EWS (Extreme Wide Shot) • MS (Mid Shot) • MCU (Medium Close Up) • CU (Close Up) • ECU (Extreme Close up) • Cut-In • CA (Cutaway) • Two Shot
What is the Rule of Thirds? • The rule of thirds is one of the first thong that digital photographers learn that is the basis for well balanced and interesting shots.
Types of Photography • Black & white- a photo that doesn’t contain color • Travel- a photo that shows a place you been too. • Wedding- a photo that takes place during a wedding. • Landscape- a big shot of a place.
Six Components of the Camera • Body: A light-tight compartment to house the recording medium (film or CCD). • Lens: A transparent element to focus light rays onto the recording medium. • Aperture: A method of controlling how much light reaches the recording medium. • Shutter: A method of controlling how long the recording medium is exposed to the incoming light. • Viewfinder: A way to see the image that is to be captured. • Transport: In film cameras, a method of moving the film and holding it in the correct position.
What are the five types of cameras? • SLR (Single Lens Reflex): The viewfinder sees the same image as the main lens, i.e. what you see is what you get. SLRs also allow you to change lenses for different purposes. This is a hugely popular type of camera, pretty much the standard for enthusiasts and professionals. • Viewfinder (or range finder): In this type of camera the viewfinder is separate to the lens. This is common in cheap cameras, although some professional cameras also use this configuration. The main problem with a separate viewfinder is that the image you see may not be quite the same as the image that gets recorded. This limitation is overcome in professional cameras by using viewfinders that compensate for the different positions. Viewfinder cameras do have some advantages; for example, lower noise and higher light levels to the viewfinder. • Twin reflex: The camera has two lenses — one for the photograph and one for the viewfinder. This type of camera has certain advantages in some professional situations. • View: A flexible bellows joins two standards — one with the lens and the other with the viewfinder or film. This allows for unusual types of composition; for example, distorting the shape of the image by skewing the film plane. • Pinhole: A very simple camera without a lens.
Why should you be clear about the subject? • You should always be clear about the subject of your picture because you don’t want to have unneeded space in your photo. It takes away from what your trying to capture.
Why do you compose the entire frame, not just the subject? • Partial objects can be awkward or even confusing • Some objects don’t look good if you cant see the whole photo or at least a good percentage of it.
Why use different camera angles? • When the subject is a person, different angles can have a strong influence on how they are perceived. The different angles can show your subject in different ways.
Why should you strive for balance? • There are many types of "balance" in a photograph; for example, a mix of close and distant objects, a mix of light and dark, etc. Poor balance is not usually good, for example, a photo with too much light and no contrast. Experiment and learn how to provide a pleasing balance.
Why use lines for composing your compositions? Different lines have different effects: • Vertical lines emphasise strength, power and height. • Horizontal lines emphasise width, stability and security. • Diagonal lines have a more dramatic, dynamic effect than vertical and horizontal. • Curved lines reflect nature, relaxation, sensuality, etc. • Lines can be used to direct the viewer's interest, emphasize parts of the frame, and generally create interesting effects.