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PROHIBITION & - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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PROHIBITION &. THE EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT 18 TH Amendment. What was Prohibition ?. Prohibition: Banning Of Alcohol 18th Amendment: Prohibit Consumption/ Manufacture /Sale /Transportation of Alcohol Volstead Act: Enforced 18 th Amendment. Why Was Prohibition Introduced ?.

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prohibition

PROHIBITION&

THE EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT

18TH Amendment

what was prohibition
What was Prohibition?
  • Prohibition: Banning Of Alcohol
  • 18th Amendment: Prohibit Consumption/ Manufacture /Sale /Transportation of Alcohol
  • Volstead Act: Enforced 18th Amendment
why was prohibition introduced
Why Was Prohibition Introduced?
  • Moral Reasons: Alcohol Bad / Mostly Rural People

Prior to 18th Amd. 75% of Americans lived in Dry Counties/Areas

2. Groups: Pushed Gov. to Ban Alcohol Temperance Reformers

3. WW I: Unpatriotic to Drink / Save Wheat

for Troops

drys wets argued p222
“Drys & Wets” Argued p222

DRYS ARGUED

BAN ALCOHOL

  • Improved individuals
  • Strengthened families
  • Created better Society
  • Stopped diseases
wets argued
WETS ARGUED

Not To Ban Alcohol

  • Did not stop Americans drinking
  • Turned law abiding citizens into criminals
  • Created illegal networks
  • Violence
  • Corruption etc..
in 1920 think
In 1920: THINK

What would You Have been?

Wet Or Dry?

For or Against Banning Alcohol?

& WHY???

slide8

LOOK-

Is this Cartoon For or Against The Banning of Alcohol ? Why?

slide9

LOOK-

What is the message of this cartoon?

what were the effects of prohibition
What were the effects of Prohibition?

1. Speakeasies

2. Moonshine

3. Organised Crime

4. Political Corruption

speakeasies
Speakeasies
  • Secret Saloon Bars
  • Sold “Bootleg” Alcohol
  • Before Prohibition there were 15,000 bars in New York. By 1926 there were 30,000 speakeasies!
  • Name: “Green Mill” Secret Password or knock at the door
moonshine
Moonshine
  • Spirit made secretly in home made stills
  • Several hundred people a year died from this during the 1920s
  • In 1929 it is estimated that 700 million gallons of beer were produced in American homes
bootleggers
‘Bootleggers’
  • Alcohol Smugglers: Made thousands of dollars making/selling alcohol
  • Famous Smuggler: William McCoy Made fortune by bringing alcohol from West Indies & Canada
organised crime
Organised Crime
  • Racketeers/ Gangsters:Owned illegal businesses Owned Speakeasies / Distilleries/
  • Bribed: Police/ Judges / Politicians
  • Controlled areas in Cities
al capone scar face controlled south side of chicago
Al Capone: Scar FaceControlled South-Side of Chicago
  • By 1927; Earning $60 million a year from bootlegging
  • His gang was like a private army. He had 700 men under his control
  • Responsible for 500 murders
bugs moran controlled north side of chicago
BUGS MORANControlled North Side of Chicago

Worth A $100

by the time he

died

st valentines day massacre1
ST VALENTINES DAY MASSACRE

AL-CAPONE V BUGGS MORAN

Bootleg Rivalry

Delivery: Warehouse 2122 N. Clark St.

7 Moran Men Waited

Al Capone’s men arrived dressed as police

Moran’s men all killed