Storming of The Bastille. Matt Quimby Michael Fredette 1 st Hour-World History. Background Information. Jacques Necker is dismissed July 12- Mob of people in the public gardens of Tuileriers Palace were attacked by German Calvary
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Storming of The Bastille Matt Quimby Michael Fredette 1st Hour-World History
Background Information • Jacques Necker is dismissed • July 12- Mob of people in the public gardens of Tuileriers Palace were attacked by German Calvary • Rumors begin to circulate about King planning actions against people of Paris • People begin to arm themselves • July 14- Mobs gather around the armory at Les Invalides • Break into armory and steal guns lack of gunpowder leads them to Bastille (old prison) where there is 250 barrels of gunpowder • Governor of Bastille Bernard de Launay refuses mob entry, and distribution of gunpowder • Someone cuts rope to drawbridge and mob rushes forward
Who Was Involved • King Louis XVI - King of France • Jacques Necker - Director General of finance • Royal guard - kings guard • Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès - Author of “What is Third Estate?” Louis XVI
Description • King Louis XVI gave 3rd Estate more political power • Parliament of Paris overturned this, making it so each estate held the same power with voting • 1st and 2nd Estates had similar views and neutralized 3rd Estate • Rich and poor 3rd Estate members began fighting over economic status • Members of the 3rdEstate finally realized that fighting among themselves was futile • They concluded that with so many people they would have to be heard Bastille
Description • Noticing that neither the King or other Estates would accept their requests, they broke away from the Estates and declared themselves the National Assembly • Shortly after many members of other Estates joined their cause • The Bastille was looked at as a symbol of the King’s absolute power • Morning of July 14, 1789 – The Paris mob went to the Bastille in search of weapons and ammo • They stormed the Bastille and killed commander Marquis De Launay while trying to surrender • Later that day the prisoners were released – seven in total Storming of Bastille
Consequences • One of the initial consequences were all the deaths (more than 100) • By the morning of July 15 the outcome appeared clear to the king as well, and he and his military commanders backed down. • After all the violence many nobles still left France in fear • The King announced that he would recall Necker and return from Versailles to Paris • On July 27, in Paris, he accepted a tricolor cockade from Jean-Sylvain Baillyand entered the Hôtel de Ville, as cries of "Long live the King" were changed to "Long live the Nation".
Why Should We Care? • It became the symbol of the fight of the people of Paris against the king • The people created a structure for a civic government and military • Start of the French Revolution
Sources • http://www.worldhistoryonline.org/modern-history/storming-of-the-bastille.html • http://library.thinkquest.org/C006257/revolution/storming_of_bastille.shtml • http://www.historywiz.com/bastillefall.htm • http://bastille-day.com/history/Storming-Of-The-Bastille-July-14-1789 • http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/frenchrev/section2.rhtml