Just What Is Easy-to-Read Patient Education Information - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Just What Is Easy-to-Read Patient Education Information

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    2. According to the 2003National Adult Literacy Survey, 93 million Americans (45%_ have limited reading, writing, and quantitative skills. About 50% have difficulty using print materials to accomplish everyday tasks. In the health arena, patients need to understand their illness or injury, monitor symptoms, schedule appointments and take medications in order to self-manage their conditions; however, information provided to patients may not be written or spoken at a level that they can understand. According to the 2003National Adult Literacy Survey, 93 million Americans (45%_ have limited reading, writing, and quantitative skills. About 50% have difficulty using print materials to accomplish everyday tasks. In the health arena, patients need to understand their illness or injury, monitor symptoms, schedule appointments and take medications in order to self-manage their conditions; however, information provided to patients may not be written or spoken at a level that they can understand.

    3. An analysis of 100 print items from the Medlineplus Easy-to-Read web site was conducted. This site was chosen because it has the most robust collection of easy-to-read patient education materials on the Internet. Each item was evaluated for grade level using four readability tests. A statistical analysis of the findings took place. This paper will describe this study and the analysis and make some recommendations about easy-to-read patient education materials, the web sites on which they reside, and the relationship to health literacy. Random Numbers tableAn analysis of 100 print items from the Medlineplus Easy-to-Read web site was conducted. This site was chosen because it has the most robust collection of easy-to-read patient education materials on the Internet. Each item was evaluated for grade level using four readability tests. A statistical analysis of the findings took place. This paper will describe this study and the analysis and make some recommendations about easy-to-read patient education materials, the web sites on which they reside, and the relationship to health literacy. Random Numbers table

    9. In WORD tools -> Options -> Spelling & Grammar tab Select the Check Grammar with Spelling check box Select the Show Readability Statistics check box Click OK Click Spelling and Grammar on Standard toolbar In WORD tools -> Options -> Spelling & Grammar tab Select the Check Grammar with Spelling check box Select the Show Readability Statistics check box Click OK Click Spelling and Grammar on Standard toolbar

    10. Gunning Fog Index Calculate the average number of words you use per sentence. Calculate the percentage of difficult words in the sample (words with three or more syllables). Add the totals together, and multiply the sum by 0.4. Algorithm: (average_words_sentence + number_words_three_syllables_plus) * 0.4

    11. Gettyburg Address = 13.8th gradeGettyburg Address = 13.8th grade

    12. Fry Randomly select three 100-word passages from a book or an article. Plot the average number of syllables and the average number of sentences per 100 words on the graph to determine the grade level of the material. Choose more passages per book if great variability is observed and conclude that the book has uneven readability. Few books will fall into the solid black area, but when they do, grade level scores are invalid.

    14. SMOG Count 10 sentences in a row near the beginning of your material. Count 10 sentences in the middle. Count 10 sentences near the end. (30 total sentences) Count every word with three or more syllables in each group of sentences, even if the same word appears more than once. Add the total number of words counted. Use the SMOG Conversion Table I to find the grade level.

    15. Gettyburg = 10.55 grade levelGettyburg = 10.55 grade level

    16. Descriptive Statistics

    21. 3 out of 4 Test Data Do not meet assumption of a Normal Distribution: Fry (p<.01), Fog (p<.01), & Smog (p<.05); But NOT SEVERE DEVIATIONS 3 out of 4 Test Data Do not meet assumption of a Normal Distribution: Fry (p<.01), Fog (p<.01), & Smog (p<.05); But NOT SEVERE DEVIATIONS

    22. Conclusions Flesch-Kincaid Grade level provided the best results Web sites claiming to provide easy-to-read materials may not be doing so Define Easy-to-Read on web site