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German Universities Go Global Ulrich Grothus Director, Regional Office for the US & Canada New York. What Is DAAD?. German national agency for international academic cooperation and exchange Independent association of universities € 300m / $ 435 million budget

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German Universities Go Global

Ulrich Grothus

Director, Regional Office for the US & Canada

New York

what is daad
What Is DAAD?
  • German national agency for international academic cooperation and exchange
  • Independent association of universities
  • € 300m / $ 435 million budget
  • > 50,000 people supported each year
three topics for today
Three Topics for Today
  • Recent developments in German higher ed
  • What‘s in it for you?Future patterns of transatlantic mobility
  • Money makes the world go round: New trends in DAAD funding programs
some basic facts on german higher ed
Some Basic Facts on German Higher Ed
  • 360 Institutions of higher learning, of which:- 99 research universities- 158 universities of applied science (Fachhochschulen)- 50 colleges of fine arts and music
  • 2 million students (37% of age group)
  • 200,000 first degrees per year
  • Strong role of extra-university research institutes (Max Planck, Helmholtz, Fraunhofer etc.)
what is different
What Is Different?
  • 97% of students in public institutions
  • Binary system of research universities / Fachhochschulen
  • Similar quality and employment prospects
  • No general education at university level
  • Vocational training not part of higher ed
  • Most students earn degree at Master’s level
  • Nominal, if any, tuition (€ 1,000 per year)
  • Little private giving
  • Smaller resources per student (~ $ 12,000
what is similar
What Is Similar?
  • High drop out rates (~ 30%)
  • Long actual duration of studies (~ 6 years)
  • Public institutions run by states (Länder)
  • Most research funded by federal government
  • Comparable per capita research expenditure and research output
a need for reform
A Need for Reform
  • Mass university and excellence
  • Limited public budgets
  • Globalization and Europeanization:More compatible degree structures (and academic careers)
  • Keep Germany attractive as a destination for international students and scholars: a benchmark for domestic quality
the reform agenda
The Reform Agenda
  • Reshape programs and degrees
  • Foster excellence in research and learning
  • Modernize governance
  • Internationalize institutions and market German higher education worldwide:2001-2003: > 100 m € special public funding
1 reshape programs and degrees the bologna process
1. Reshape Programs and Degrees: The Bologna Process
  • More compatible three-tier degree structure
  • Gradual transition: now about 50% of first year students in new programs
  • Most Bachelor‘s programs: 3 years, some 3.5 or 4 years
  • Master‘s programs: 1 to 2 years
  • International degree programs taught in English:now more than 500 at all levels
2. Foster Excellence in Research: The Excellence Initiative

Jointly funded by federal and state governments (75/25%)

1.9 bn € over 5 years; 380 m € p.a.

Institutional strategies to promote top-level university research

(9 universities, 13 m € p.a. each)

Graduate Schools

  • 39 Research Training Schools
  • approx. 1 m € p.a. each

Clusters of Excellence

  • 37 Excellence Centres
  • approx. 6.5 m € p.a. each
2 foster excellence in learning
2. Foster Excellence in Learning
  • Universities now select their own students
  • Program rankings, i.a. CHE (Center for HE Dev’t)
  • English version published on DAAD website
3 modernize governance
3. Modernize Governance
  • Stronger role of university heads
  • Introduction of Boards of Regents/Trustees
  • Performance-oriented funding
high participation rates in study abroad advanced students with at least 1 semester abroad in
High Participation Rates in Study Abroad(Advanced students with at least 1 semester abroad; in %)

Source: Sozialerhebungen Deutsches Studentenwerk

4 internationalization and marketing cont
4. Internationalization and Marketing (cont.)
  • International visiting faculty
  • Promote institutional links and partnerships
  • Launching offshore campuses
  • ... and spread the word: ► Education fairs,► Media► Alumni networks► DAAD Young Ambassadors► Liaison offices of individual universities
the daad network 60 offices info centers
The DAAD network : 60 Offices & Info Centers

Regional Offices (14)

Information Centres (IC) (46)

current patterns of student mobility
Current Patterns of Student Mobility
  • 10,000 German students at North American universities, half of them graduate students
  • most undergrads take regular classes and get credit at home
  • most grad students earn PhD, MBA, LLM degrees
  • 6,500 North American students in Germany
  • many in short, American faculty-led programs
  • few graduate students
  • few earn German degrees (ca. 175)
likely changes post bologna
Likely Changes Post-Bologna
  • Patterns more similar – and more symmetric?
  • More need for structured study abroad programs in both directions
  • More transatlantic degree programs?EU-US Atlantis program
  • Shorter study abroad programs for German undergrads?
  • Less individual mobility for independent studies
a surge in graduate mobility
A Surge in Graduate Mobility?
  • Germany (and and other European countries) more attractive for international graduate students (Master’s and PhD)
  • Large increase in demand of German/European students for international Master’s programs
new trends in daad funding programs for north america
New Trends in DAAD Funding Programs for North America
  • DAAD supports 2,400 Germans and 1,200 North Americans
  • Traditional emphasis on German (and American) studies and graduate students

And what is new?

  • Reaching out to undergraduates
  • Strengthen exchanges in science and engineering
  • Develop new short-term programs for Americans
undergraduate scholarships
Undergraduate Scholarships
  • Funding for study abroad, internships, or senior thesis research
  • Open to students in all fields
  • Previous knowledge of German not required, but advantageous
  • 4-10 months during the German academic year
  • Around 60 awarded annually
rise research internships in science and engineering
RISE: Research Internships in Science and Engineering
  • American undergraduates work with German doctoral students in their labs for the summer (6-10 weeks)
  • No language requirement
  • Web-based matching process
  • Scholarships for students accepted by hosts
results iie survey in 2006
Results: IIE Survey in 2006
  • Overall satisfaction: 97% (interns) / 86% (hosts)
  • 92% consider working or studying in Germany again
  • 60% had never been to Germany before, 57% had never learned German
  • 30% enroll in German language class after return
  • “Ability to engage in practical, hands-on research” and “Desire to work/travel abroad” equally important motivations (60% each)
moving forward language and companies
Moving Forward: Language and Companies
  • Adding a language component, starting in 2008:Two-week intensive language course for students with no or little German
  • RISE professional (since 2007) Internships for graduates and undergraduate DAAD alumni in companies
put germany on your resume
“Put Germany on your Resume”
  • 17 new short-term programs taught in English at German universities
  • Developed especially with the needs of US students in mind
  • Business, engineering, biology, music composition, architecture, video art and more…
  • All receive DAAD support and our “Quality Seal”
a new program for journalism students
A New Program for Journalism Students
  • internXchange
  • 6 weeks of classes/excursions
  • 5 weeks internship at media
  • In and around Berlin
  • Advanced intermediate German required
  • DAAD pays for tuition, scholarship and travel
  • Deadline: February 15
further information
Further Information
  • (North American website)
  • (International website)
  • (Program rankings in English)
  • (Degree programs, includes English-taught programs)
  • DAAD New York weekly newsletter (subscribe at